ⓘ Timeline of the 2011 England riots

                                     

ⓘ Timeline of the 2011 England riots

In early August 2011, England was struck by riots, the worst in the country in decades. The timeline of the events of the riots spanned from 6–10 August.

                                     

1. Saturday, 6 August

Tottenham Hale

The violent clashes were followed by the looting of Tottenham Hale retail park, which continued until dawn without police intervention.

Injuries and arrests

London Ambulance Service confirmed that ten people had been treated for injuries and that nine were in hospital.

                                     

1.1. Saturday, 6 August Tottenham

A series of disturbances by people in Tottenham followed the protest march on 6 August. The rioting occurred shortly after about 120 people marched from Broadwater to Tottenham Police Station via the High Road. Tottenham is in the London borough of Haringey, which has the fourth highest level of child poverty in London and 8.8% unemployment.

At 22:15, a gang of youths burned down Tottenhams post office. From around 22:30, attacks were carried out on police cars, a double-decker bus and local businesses and homes. Police vans and officers from the Territorial Support Group attended the disorder on Tottenham High Road. Shops windows were smashed and the shops looted by rioters. Fireworks, petrol bombs and other missiles were thrown at police. Twenty-six officers were injured, including one who sustained head injuries. Firefighters experienced difficulty reaching a burning building because of the disorder.

A BBC News correspondent said his news crew and vehicle came under attack from youths throwing missiles. Some news crews left the scene due to the threat of violence. The police set up a cordon around Tottenham police station and a nearby group of BBC and Sky journalists. Some of the police were on horseback.

                                     

1.2. Saturday, 6 August Tottenham Hale

The violent clashes were followed by the looting of Tottenham Hale retail park, which continued until dawn without police intervention.

                                     

1.3. Saturday, 6 August Injuries and arrests

London Ambulance Service confirmed that ten people had been treated for injuries and that nine were in hospital.

                                     

2. Sunday, 7 August

Public response

On 7 August, riots led to the cancellation of the Hackney One Carnival and Parks for Life Festival in Clissold Park, Stoke Newington.

Police

Officers from North Yorkshire Police responded to the request to assist their colleagues in London.

                                     

2.1. Sunday, 7 August Enfield and Ponders End

On Sunday evening, 7 August, violent disturbances erupted in Enfield, to the north of Tottenham, among a heavy presence of riot police.

Enfield Town centre, Enfield Town Park and alleyways between there and the Palace Garden shopping centre were guarded by police. A heavy police presence was seen outside Enfield Town railway station where people arriving were being searched for security reasons.

Riot police arrived in Enfield Town the afternoon of 7 August as several small groups of hooded youngsters arrived in cars, buses and trains. Around 100 people were waiting in small groups in the vicinity of Enfield Town station in Southbury Road.

Disorder ensued around 5:30 when a police car in Church Street was pelted with bricks. Shops were attacked, including HMVs branch in Church Street. A police helicopter hovered over the area.

At around 19:00, police pushed a group of around thirty youths back onto Southbury Road towards the junction with Great Cambridge Road. Police dogs were deployed at the scene. Similar action drove back approximately 50 people along Southbury Road via Queens Street, after a preceding clash with rioters outside a supermarket.

At 19:30, both Metropolitan Police officers and reinforcements from Kent Police cordoned off Enfield, making a "sterile area" to deal with local disturbances, including robberies at Enfield Retail Park.

The scenes of Enfield were "reminiscent of Tottenham, though smaller."



                                     

2.2. Sunday, 7 August Wood Green

Disorder broke out in Wood Green, two miles 3 km from Tottenham, during the early hours of 7 August. Widespread looting involved around 100 youths who targeted high-street game shops, electrical shops and clothing chains. Others ransacked local shops on Wood Green High Road. A family-run jeweller was hit.

By 20:00, major rioting had spread to Wood Green, with riot police on hand. Again, the police did not intervene to stop the looting. The mostly Turkish and Kurdish shop owners along Wood Green, Turnpike Lane and Green Lanes, Harringay, formed local protection units around their shops.

                                     

2.3. Sunday, 7 August Other areas

  • Shepherds Bush: The police skirmished on the Edward Wood Estate in Shepherds Bush, while a shop was looted in Kings Road.
  • Woolwich: In Woolwich town centre local shops were looted and set on fire, including the Great Harry Pub, which later became the focus of local opinion about the events and was featured on Sky News after locals began writing their thoughts and messages on the boarded-up shell. Many locals felt that news coverage neglected the Woolwich events.
  • Dalston: Looting hit Kingsland shopping centre in Dalston, including JD Sports and Foot Locker.
  • Denmark Hill: A gangland fight broke out at Kings College Hospital at about 20:30, where two victims of a minor stabbing had been admitted earlier.
  • Islington: The windscreen of a police vehicle was smashed as groups of youths caused a disturbance.
  • Oxford Circus: Overnight, violence spread to Oxford Circus, central London, as about 50 youths gathered and damaged property.
  • Streatham: A T-Mobile shop, JD Sports and other shops were ransacked. Councillor Mark Bennett said the owner of one shop in Streatham High Road was hospitalised after a mob attacked the shop.
  • Leyton: Looting occurred at Currys in Leyton Mills retail park and the bicycle shop Bike Shack.


                                     

2.4. Sunday, 7 August Hertfordshire incidents

  • Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire: Looters and rioters attacked two police cars and two jewellers in Waltham Cross High Street at around 21:50. A specialist public order unit was sent to the area, along with sections of the Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Police Dog Unit.
                                     

2.5. Sunday, 7 August Public response

On 7 August, riots led to the cancellation of the Hackney One Carnival and Parks for Life Festival in Clissold Park, Stoke Newington.

                                     

2.6. Sunday, 7 August Political and legal response

Operation Withern was launched to investigate the cause of Mark Duggans fatal shooting and the subsequent riots. According to a statement by the Metropolitan Police Service, Operation Withern was being led by Detective Superintendent John Sweeney of the Metropolitan Police Service, and is made up of detectives from the Homicide and Serious Crime Command, specialist investigators from the Public Order Branch and police support staff.

The MP for Brent North, Barry Gardiner, said that community involvement there had so far prevented riots.

The Mayor Of London, Boris Johnson, revealed that he had provided an extra £42.000.000 to the Metropolitan Police during the previous year to increase police numbers in London.

                                     

2.7. Sunday, 7 August Police

Officers from North Yorkshire Police responded to the request to assist their colleagues in London.



                                     

3.1. Monday, 8 August London

By 07:59, the Metropolitan Police Commander Christine Jones said: "This is a challenging situation with small pockets of violence, looting and disorder breaking out on a number of boroughs." Jewellery shops across Tottenham, Enfield and Wood Green suffered break-ins. The Victoria line was closed between Stockwell and Brixton "due to civil unrest", according to London Underground. Angel, Islington, Stoke Newington and Wood Green were in police lockdown. All 32 boroughs of London were placed on riot alert.

                                     

3.2. Monday, 8 August Croydon

Police closed the entire area around West Croydon station on the evening of 8 August. Bricks, bottles, stones and fireworks were thrown at police. Looted shops included branches of Argos, Iceland, House of Fraser, Orange, Maplin Electronics and Tesco. Purley Way stores Best Buy, PC World and Comet were heavily looted for electronics. Many other small businesses were also affected.

A large furniture shop, House of Reeves, which had been in Croydon since 1867, was burned to the ground. Arsonists struck later that night and destroyed another building in the Reeves Corner district of Croydon. A Sky News satellite van came under attack and many shops, cars and buses were set alight in West Croydon. At 19:45, Croydon Advertiser reporter Gareth Davies was mugged while reporting in Surrey Street and Church Street.

A 26-year-old man from Brixton, Trevor Ellis, was shot and killed in South Croydon on Warrington Road. Police believe he was shot after a car chase following an argument over stolen goods, but as of August 2012 had not charged any suspects.

In February 2012, the Croydon Advertiser reported an investigation was underway following reports that only 3% of the police attended to the riots in Croydon whilst others were deployed elsewhere.



                                     

3.3. Monday, 8 August Ealing

Some Ealing businesses were asked by police to close at 5 pm. On Ealing Broadway a group of 200 people attacked police cars and vandalised and looted shops.

Around Haven Green, close to Ealing Broadway tube station, cars and a bus were set alight and many other cars vandalised, shops had their windows smashed, a supermarket was looted and nearby residential properties were burgled. Near Ealing Green more shops were looted, several cars torched and a supermarket set alight with petrol bombs. Rioters attempting to vandalise two pubs in this area were dissuaded by the customers and staff. Hundreds of young people looted shops in West Ealing. There was minor trouble in Ealing Green. A 68-year-old man, Richard Bowes, was assaulted and robbed when he tried to remonstrate with rioters. He was said to be attempting to put out a fire when he was attacked. He was taken to hospital with life-threatening injuries, and died three days later. His killer, Darell Desuze, was sentenced to eight years’ detention.



                                     

3.4. Monday, 8 August London Borough of Enfield

On the morning of 8 August several shops in Enfield Town and in the nearby A10 retail park were vandalised and looted, and two vehicles set ablaze. A large crowd of youths moved westwards, toward nearby Ponders End and wrecked a local Tesco. Hundreds of riot police and canine units arrived with vans and charged at groups of teenagers until they dispersed, smashing cars and shop windows on the way. A large Sony distribution centre was set alight and the fire destroyed the building. Three Watford fire engines were called to the Sony warehouse in Enfield at about 03.30 the next day.

                                     

3.5. Monday, 8 August Elsewhere in London

  • Walworth Road: Up to 20 shops on the southern end of Walworth Road were broken into from 19:30 and looted for up to an hour.
  • Barking: A 20-year-old Malaysian student was beaten and then robbed twice by looters in Barking. He suffered a broken jaw, requiring surgery and a night stay in hospital.
  • Kingston: Kingstons pubs and clubs shut early, with the Wetherspoons, opposite The Oceana Club, one of many to shut early at about 22:00 on police advice as the town braced itself. The online rumour that an offshoot of the rioting had got to Kingstons town centre was unfounded. A Twitter report falsely claimed that Kingstons Bentall Centre was a blazing and looted ruin. Ultimately, Kingston suffered no incidents.
  • Lewisham: Sporadic rioting occurred in Lewisham in the evening, but rioters were quickly dispersed by riot police. At 18:35, 15 riot policemen faced down a large group of mainly angry young people in Lee High Road, Lewisham. Police dispersed local riots.
  • Fulham: Police made nine arrests as the violence spread to Fulham. The area was cleared by about 1:00 am, with only a smashed window at a Foot Locker shop. Police officers stood guard outside PC World in the Wandsworth Bridge Road business park, as looters threatened to storm in.
  • Peckham: Shops on Rye Lane and Peckham High Street were looted by a crowd of three to four hundred rioters. A bus was set on fire on Southampton Way and Regens was destroyed by fire.
  • Streatham: Sporadic night-time riots occurred.
  • Ilford: A jewellery shop was targeted and an electrical shop was broken into. Lines of riot police protected Ilford Police Station. A man was treated by paramedics in Ilford Hill at about 19:30. One eyewitness said that the man was "intentionally" hit by a car, which then drove off.
  • Notting Hill: Diners at the two Michelin-starred Ledbury restaurant were attacked and robbed.
  • Balham: Several shops were looted.
  • Walthamstow and Walthamstow Central: Over 30 youths wrecked and looted shops, including a branch of BHS in Walthamstow Central that morning. A Santander branch was broken into and a Barclays cash machine was ripped out of a wall.
  • Sutton: Damage was reported to businesses on the High Street and in the Rose Hill area, as well as the looting of a local convenience shop. In Hackbridge there was looting of an off licence and a warehouse. In Sutton Town Centre, shops such as JD Sports, Asda, Argos and HMV were looted, and Asda was set on fire.
  • Harlesden: Looters targeted a pawnbroker in the evening. Shops were looted in the town centre, as well as a jewellery shop in Harrow Road.
  • Camden: Minor overnight disturbances broke out, quelled by police.
  • Charlton: Police dispersed local riots, but Stone Lake Retail Park shops were looted.
  • Battersea: The windows of many shops on Lavender Hill and St. Johns Road were smashed, many were looted, and one shop was destroyed by fire. The local Debenhams was looted that night.
  • Chelsea: Looters broke into an antiques shop in Kings Road.
  • Crystal Palace: At 12:10, a group of Crystal Palace residents united to see off the looters.
  • Bethnal Green: Running battles with police occurred in Bethnal Green.
  • Catford: Looters broke into several shops in Rushey Green including an independent opticians, Argos, 99p Stores, JD Sports and a Halfords store.
  • Barnet: About 60 people were chased off by riot police after looting shops in Barnet in the night. Minor disturbances occurred at the Brent Cross shopping centre.
  • Tooting: By 18:01, two shops had been attacked: a CeX branch on Mitcham Lane and a Ladbrokes branch on Franciscan Road.
  • Dulwich: A Tesco Express shop on East Dulwich Road and shops in Lordship Lane were looted.
  • Upminster: Police were praised by locals, including one resident who filmed rioters attempting to loot the local Debenhams shop.
  • Romford: The windows of many shops and businesses around Romford town centre were smashed, fires were started and Debenhams was looted.
  • Hackney: Sporadic skirmishes were reported to have occurred between police and groups of young people around Mare Street. Youths threw bottles, petrol bombs and the contents of rubbish bins. Bins and cars were set on fire and the mounted and riot police charged retreating gangs.
  • Bayswater: A mob of around 30 teenagers and adults targeted businesses along Queensway. Shops, including Best One and Maplin as well as Whiteleys Shopping Centre, had their windows smashed. The gang tried to loot some of the businesses but the police repelled them. Queensway and Ladbroke Grove tube stations closed early due to the troubles.
  • Surrey Quays: Shops in the Surrey Quays shopping centre and a local Decathlon shop were looted by youths.
  • Islington: Sporadic night-time riots occurred.
  • Chislehurst: By 11:30, the police had cordoned off Bromley town centre with both the High Street and Bromley South railway station closed after a stand-off with rioters. The stand-off lasted until at least 18:35.
  • Colliers Wood: By 22:12, looting and vandalism hit Colliers Wood retail park until police arrived. A stand-off developed after 21:30 when police withdrew from the Tandem Centre, where the rioters broke into the shops including Sports Direct, JD Sports, PC World and Mothercare.
  • Woolwich: Major disturbances took place overnight. A J D Wetherspoon pub, Blue Inc clothing shop, and a police car were completely burnt out, and a restaurant was set alight. Other buildings along the high street had windows smashed and looted, including jewellers, computer game shops, banks, phone shops, bookmakers and fast food restaurants. Videos appeared online showing outnumbered police fleeing rioters, originally shot by Jellyfielder Studios, a Woolwich-based film production company. This footage was featured on BBC, Sky New, Russia Today, ABC, and later appeared on NBCs Caught on camera, and several Channel 5 Top 20 worst. The Great Harry Pub became the focus of local opinion about the events, and was featured on Sky News after locals began writing their thoughts and messages on the boarded-up shell. The wall was later painted over in black by the local council who refused to comment on why. Many other shops were attacked and looted. Many locals felt that the Woolwich events were neglected in news coverage.
  • London Borough of Hounslow: Both Hounslow and Feltham remained calm as rioting hit other places including Hackney, Croydon, Lewisham and Battersea
  • Chingford Mount: Three police officers were hospitalised after being hit by a fast-moving vehicle in Chingford Mount, Waltham Forest, at 00:45. The officers had started making arrests after a shop was being looted by youths.
                                     

3.6. Monday, 8 August West Midlands

  • West Bromwich: Youths rioted, looting business, smashing shop windows and setting bins and cars alight.
  • Birmingham: Some shop windows in the city centre were smashed and there were reports of looting in several areas. An unmanned police station in Handsworth was set alight. Police arrested 130.
                                     

3.7. Monday, 8 August Rest of England

  • Leeds: The Chapeltown area was hit by riots, during which 34-year-old Gavin Clarke was shot in the face and admitted to hospital under armed guard with life-threatening injuries. He was later pronounced dead. This account is contradicted by a BBC report which suggests that the disturbance started as a result of the shooting and that the incident was related, not to the troubles in London and elsewhere in England, but to another shooting that took place in Chapeltown on 2 August 2011 - several days before the London shooting.
  • Nottingham: A police station was attacked and car tyres were ignited in the St Anns area.
  • Norwich: Shops in one of Norwichs main streets and Royal Arcade were closed early after threats filtered through in relation to the unrest in London.
  • Bristol: Rioters attacked shops.
  • Medway: Rioters burned cars and confronted the police in Gillingham and Chatham.
  • Leicester: No fires but shop windows were still smashed.
  • Liverpool: Disturbances occurred in South Liverpool, in particular the area of Toxteth.
  • Guildford: Surrey Police condemned Twitter reports of rioting in Guildford, acknowledging only minor scuffles.
  • Oxford: A McDonalds restaurant in Headington, Oxford was set alight was a car in Barton, Oxford.
  • Luton: Police officers were deployed to known trouble spots as Twitter and Facebook reports falsely claimed riots in Luton. Two small arson fires occurred – one at Leagrave Motors in Sundon Park Road, Luton, at around midnight, and a rubbish bin set alight at Arrow Close, also in Luton, in the early hours of the morning. The county of Bedfordshire had a CCTV network in operation across every town to monitor and help deploy resources.
                                     

3.8. Monday, 8 August Political and legal response

  • Croydon: The council gave looters a stark warning to stay away from Croydon or face the full force of the law.
  • Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg toured Londons riot-hit communities in and around Tottenham.
                                     

3.9. Monday, 8 August Police

Officers from North Yorkshire Police responded to requests to assist their colleagues in London. A statement by North Yorkshire Polices Temporary Deputy Chief Constable, Tim Madgwick, said:

North Yorkshire Police continue to monitor the aftermath of the disorder affecting other parts of the country, and we can confirm that to date, there are no reports of any similar incidents in North Yorkshire.

The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Civil Contingencies and Public Order Planning Unit sent a Police Support Unit PSU to London. Custody space in Bedfordshire cells and call taking support was also offered.

                                     

3.10. Monday, 8 August Richard Mannington Bowes

Bowes was a 68-year-old British retired accountant who died as a result of being attacked in the street in Ealing. He was the fifth fatality related to events associated with the riots. He was attacked by a mob on 8 August 2011, while attempting to extinguish an arson fire in industrial bins on Spring Bridge Road. The attack left him in a coma. The assault was caught on CCTV and filmed on mobile phones by associates of the man who hit him.

Police officers arrived at 10:45pm in response to reports of looting at the Arcadia shopping centre. They were not wearing protective gear and were outnumbered by approximately 120 rioters. The attack on Bowes was witnessed by several police officers, but they were unable to respond in time. They requested assistance as they were showered with bottles and bricks. Riot squad officers who responded had to push back rioters while being attacked to reach Bowes. A line of officers then held back the rioters as paramedics arrived.

Bowes was found without a wallet or phone as they had been stolen, and police initially faced difficulty in identifying him. He died of his injuries in St Marys Hospital on 11 August 2011 after being removed from life support.

A 22-year-old man was arrested on suspicion of murder, rioting and committing three burglaries; he was released on bail. A 16-year-old boy was arrested for Bowes murder and for burglary.

Bowes had moved to Ealing in 1994. He lived alone in a flat in Haven Green. He was described as quiet and shy and a loner. He is reported to have previously challenged anti-social behaviour in the area. On one occasion, ten years earlier, he was fined for confronting youths who were urinating outside his home.

Revulsion at Bowess death was widespread. Ealing Council flew the Union Flag at half-mast over its town hall as a mark of respect. It also announced that it was launching the Richard Mannington Bowes Relief Fund in his memory.

Bowes was hailed as a hero for his actions by the media and politicians. Mayor Johnson was particularly vocal: "I feel desperately sorry and sad for him, and what a hero he is. He walked straight up in front of the looters and tried to stop what was happening. He is an example to everybody."

There are many villains in this story but also many heroes and I want to pay particular tribute to Mr Bowes. He has paid a terrible price.

                                     

4. Tuesday, 9 August

Early hours

Time Magazine wrote "Not since the blitz during World War II have so many fires raged in London so intensely at one time".

London Borough of Enfield

Looters burned a Sony-owned warehouse in Solar Way, Enfield which acted as the primary distribution hub for the independent music distributor PIAS Entertainment Group.

Merseyside

  • Birkenhead: Cars were set alight and businesses damaged.
  • Liverpool: 200 rioters hurled missiles at officers in Smithdown Road.

In Wales

  • Cardiff: police investigated four incidents, including a failed break-in at a branch of the JD Sports chain.
                                     

4.1. Tuesday, 9 August Early hours

Time Magazine wrote "Not since the blitz during World War II have so many fires raged in London so intensely at one time".

                                     

4.2. Tuesday, 9 August London Borough of Enfield

Looters burned a Sony-owned warehouse in Solar Way, Enfield which acted as the primary distribution hub for the independent music distributor PIAS Entertainment Group.

                                     

4.3. Tuesday, 9 August London Borough of Havering

In the morning, youths formed groups of 10 to 12 in areas across Havering, including Romford, Hornchurch, Collier Row, Rainham, Harold Hill and Upminster, a police spokesman said, but officers dispersed groups or issued street warnings and spot deterrents.

Arrests took place for low-level crimes like spitting at an officer and ABH, since officers were highly visible. Around 50 special police volunteers responded, helping to man potentially volatile situations.

Fire crews reported a quiet night. Three Watford fire engines were called to the continuing Sony warehouse fire in Enfield at about 03.30 that day.



                                     

4.4. Tuesday, 9 August Elsewhere in London

  • Beckton: Unspecified trouble at the Gallions Reach shopping centre resulted in multiple road closures.
  • Hammersmith and Fulham Hammersmith and Fulham Council urged people to keep calm and stay indoors.
  • Camden: Crowds gathered at Chalk Farm tube station at 1am. Asians guarded their shops. Police drove back looters in Camden High Street and Chalk Farm Road, Camden.
  • Kilburn and Kingsbury: A Vodafone shop in Kilburn High Road was targeted by looters. Looters also hit jewellery stores in Kilburn and Kingsbury.
  • Croydon: Local scuffles were quickly dispersed.
  • Major fires were started in Barking, Battersea, Croydon, Dagenham, Ealing, Greenwich and Southwark.
  • Camberwell: A small fire was started by arsonists.
  • Wembley: A police officer was run over by looters at approximately 2:50 am. Three people were arrested for attempted murder.
  • Wimbledon: Minor incidents occurred in south Wimbledon, the Wimbledon town centre and a handful of shops in Wimbledon Village. The police eventually dispersed them.
  • Holloway scuffles occur in the early hours.
  • Islington: The police in Islington appealed for people to stay at home and for shops to close early.
                                     

4.5. Tuesday, 9 August Greater Manchester

  • Salford: The reported riot was an Internet hoax; it was only a quickly dispersed scuffle.
  • Manchester: The reported riot was an Internet hoax, since it was only a quickly dispersed scuffle.
                                     

4.6. Tuesday, 9 August Rest of England

  • Wolverhampton: Local scuffles were quickly dispersed.
  • Brighton: The reported riot was an internet hoax, actually a quickly dispersed scuffle.
  • Leeds and Bradford: West Yorkshire Police confirmed there were scuffles in the Chapeltown borough of Leeds, but no rioting as alleged on Twitter and Facebook. False social media reports that riots were occurring in Bradford were denounced by police
  • Derby: Over 20 cars and a local shop were damaged in a series of overnight disturbances in the Campbell Street, Allenton and Brighton Road, Alvaston areas. A pair of 15-year-olds were arrested.
  • Northampton: Groups of youths pelt police and vehicles with bricks and stones, and smash a police vans windscreen
  • Southampton: Messages appeared on BBM & Facebook inciting a riot, leading to a few scuffles in Millbrook & Shirley which Hampshire Constabulary broke up.
  • Caterham: Traders braced for violent scenes similar to those seen in nearby Croydon. Surrey Police maintained a strong presence to reassure the citizens, but many stores were closed. Shops that specialised in high-value goods such as mobile phones and fine art stayed shut all day. Esquire Fine Menswear on Station Avenue had its windows damaged by hooligans just after 01.30.
                                     

4.7. Tuesday, 9 August Daytime

London

  • Sutton: By 10:01, the entrance to Matalan in Sutton was targeted. An estimated 25 police officers arrived in vans armed with batons and shields in case the situation escalated.
  • Balham: By 13.00, looters had hit the T-Mobile shop and emptied it over a period of 90 minutes.
  • Surbiton was in a Metropolitan Police and Surrey Police riot lockdown. The shops and cafes were shutting down early on police advice.
  • Finchley: A car was torched in Hendon Avenue, Finchley.
  • Dartford, Bexley and Bexleyheath: The Bluewater Shopping Centre drafted in extra police officers to deal with the potential threat of rioters. The extra police were from a riot squad. Minor scuffles had hit Bexley early that day.
  • Bromley: Rioters attacked a sports bar during the morning.
  • Richmond upon Thames: A police spokesperson said "We are providing patrols to the retail park and Richmond town centre to reassure and prevent and detect crime."
  • Ealing: The Metropolitan Police dispersed local riots.
  • Barnet: The Metropolitan Police dispersed local riots.
  • Harrow: The Metropolitan Police dispersed local riots.
  • Merton: Several attempts were made by groups to congregate in the Colliers Wood area. Due to the high number of Police in the area Including a high number of Mertons Special Constables, they were prevented from meeting up with each other. A Police Dog unit came under fire with bricks and other items and over 20 police officers responded. There was reported groups causing issues in Wimbledon Town Centre however Police dispersed them
  • Sloane Square: looters smashed the windows of Hugo Boss in Sloane Square.
  • Newham: Gangs of youths looted and vandalised parts of East Ham, including branches of Argos, Primark, Tesco, an electronics shop as well as banks. Stones were being thrown at the Argos shop in Stratford until the police had intervened. The front of Stratford Centre was heavily guarded by police to prevent trouble.

Rest of England

  • West Bromwich: Youths rioted in High Street, looted business, smashing shop windows, and setting bins and cars alight. Police cordoned off the riot zone and some police vans were used to control the mob.
  • Greater Manchester: Both Central Manchester and Salford saw serious looting and disorder, and running battles between gangs and riot police.

The fire crews from Richmond and Twickenham helped put out fires in neighbouring boroughs as rioting spread across London. Richmonds red watch was called to Merton where they tackled a blaze at Priory retail estate in Colliers Wood.

                                     

4.8. Tuesday, 9 August London

  • Surbiton: Many shops and restaurants closed early, removed valuables and boarded up their windows on Police advice. Many pubs and restaurants did stay open, but some closed at 22.00. Few problems resulted.
  • London: Shops and businesses closed early across the capital after reports of another night of widespread violence. The streets were flooded with 16.000 police officers, with Special Constables requested to report for duty to assist their regular colleagues. A Zero tolerance approach was adopted, and any attempt at disorder was quickly halted.
                                     

4.9. Tuesday, 9 August West Midlands

  • Olton: Police quickly dispersed a mob outside a post office in Olton.
  • Wolverhampton: West Midlands Police responded to reports of a large group of people in Wolverhampton city centre after shops were damaged.
  • Birmingham: Disorderly conduct took place in Birmingham city centre with three people arrested. Some groups tried to break into the Mailbox shopping and office centre and the Pallisades shopping complex. Officers wielding batons eventually dispersed the crowd by charging them, but soon after they gathered again outside a House of Fraser shop, their numbers swelling to around 500. Shortly after 19.00 the mob broke into and looted a nearby Tesco. The police dispersed the 300 strong crowd using a "thunderflash" device, quickly charging the crowd, but the gangs regrouped and attacked shops, including the Jobcentre in Queen Street and Burtons menswear. A police station in the suburb of Handsworth was also burnt. At around 23.30 the historic Bartons Arms pub in Aston was looted, its windows smashed, and fires started, albeit quickly doused by the landlord. Eleven shots were fired at police who attended the incident, including at a police helicopter and petrol bombs were thrown at officers.
  • Coventry: A minor incident occurred in one street in a suburb of Coventry.
                                     

4.10. Tuesday, 9 August Merseyside

  • Birkenhead: Cars were set alight and businesses damaged.
  • Liverpool: 200 rioters hurled missiles at officers in Smithdown Road.
                                     

4.11. Tuesday, 9 August Greater Manchester

  • Manchester: Riots affected Manchester for the first time. At least one building was set alight. Buses, trams and taxis were stopped from entering the city centre. Looting started in the evening in St. Anns Square, Market Street, Piccadilly Gardens and Oldham Street. Several shops were looted including a Marks & Spencer food shop, several pawn shops, an Oxfam charity shop and Dawsons Music. Charges against the teenager referred to in the Mail article were later dropped and a 50-year-old man arrested after new evidence was found. The rioters dispersed in the late hours of Tuesday, and rioting did not recur in Manchester.
  • Salford: 80 people confronted police at Salford Precinct. A library was set alight and there was looting. A gang of up to 200 youths raided an off-licence and the main shopping precinct in Salford. The Lidl supermarket on nearby Fitzwarren Street was looted, trashed and set alight by rioters.
                                     

4.12. Tuesday, 9 August Rest of England

  • Banbury: Police dispersed local scuffles.
  • Watford: The Halifax Building Society was among the businesses to close early in case of a riot. A few scuffles took place.
  • Derby: Local scuffles were dispersed.
  • Cambridge: A group of 30 to 40 youths clashed with police by Midsummer Common and the Grafton Centre. Five arrests were made. Two police officers were treated for minor injuries.
  • Canvey Island: Eleven arson attacks were reported with the targets ranging from rubbish bins to vehicles.
  • Nottingham: Multiple incidents were reported including attacks on police stations in The Meadows, St Anns and Canning Circus near Radford.
  • Huddersfield: An attempt was made to loot an Asda shop.
  • Gloucester: Central Eastgate shopping area, the Argos, HMV and Primark stores were targeted. Just a few hundred yards from Gloucesters famous Norman Cathedral, rioters set fire to a former art college, torched two cars and many rubbish bins.
  • Reading: Police dispersed local scuffles.
  • Luton: Rioters threw stones at police officers and started small fires. No arrests were made as the anticipated riots did not take place and the strong police presence prevent any opportunity for disorder.
  • High Wycombe: Police dispersed local scuffles.
  • Bristol: An event described as an "incident of disobedience" was reported at a young offenders institution in Ashfield.
  • Basildon: About 350 youths smashed shop windows and set fires in Basildon town centre before being dispersed. Fire-fighters were attacked by rioters as they attempted to respond to an incident.
  • Southampton: Hampshire Constabulary ordered shops to close early, and placed riot police in Southampton City Center after tweets, BBMs & Facebook messages were discovered inciting a riot.
                                     

4.13. Tuesday, 9 August In Wales

  • Cardiff: police investigated four incidents, including a failed break-in at a branch of the JD Sports chain.
                                     

4.14. Tuesday, 9 August Political and legal response

Prime Minister David Cameron returned early from his Italian holiday and chaired an emergency meeting of COBR, following the third night of violence. In a statement at 11:00, Cameron announced that 16.000 police officers would be deployed in London, with all police leave cancelled. He announced that Parliament would be recalled on 11 August to debate the situation. Over 525 people had been arrested since the start of the disruption, and the Metropolitan Police have announced their intention to use baton rounds against rioters if necessary. East Hams Labour MP Stephen Timms and Newhams Mayor Robin Wales praised police for their efforts that day.

                                     

4.15. Tuesday, 9 August Police

Officers from the Thames Valley, Essex, Kent, City of London, Norfolk, North Yorkshire, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Surrey and Sussex police constabularies sent officers to help tackle the London riots.

                                     

4.16. Tuesday, 9 August Arrests

By 9 August 2011 563 arrests had been made in London since the start of the disruption, and 100 arrests made in Birmingham.

A 16-year-old boy was charged with breach of the peace in connection with a message inciting rioting in Scotland on a social networking site. The boy was detained on the south side of Glasgow about 12.40 over the Facebook page entitled "Lets Start a Riot in Glasgow", which was related to a similar site called "Glasgow Riot FRIDAY 12TH". Both the sites were shuttered.

                                     

5. Wednesday, 10 August

  • Slough: Shops and leisure facilities - including Absolutely Karting, Absolutely Ten Pin, Absolutely Ice, Montem and Langley leisure centres closed early. The Sainsburys in Uxbridge Road closed at 10pm rather than 11pm as an anti-looter precaution. The fire brigade confirmed they were put on standby, but nothing happened. The rumours of a major planned riot was just local rumours.
  • Nottingham: A police station and college were firebombed, shops including House of Fraser inside the Victoria Centre where damaged, pubs were damaged and cars and lorries were set fire to. More than 90 people were arrested.
  • West Bromwich: Parts of the town centre, and several vehicles, were set on fire.
  • Worcester: 50 West Mercia officers were deployed to deal with hooded gangs in Worcester and the surrounding towns of Kidderminster, Redditch and Droitwich. Two cars were set on fire in Worcester.
  • Liverpool: 200 missile-throwing rioters gathered in the south Liverpool area of Toxteth and caused disorder and damage, according to Merseyside police. Scuffles in Edge Hill, and Wavertree were dispersed. Merseyside police said that 35 arrests were made.
  • St Albans: Arson attack led to the complete destruction of the Batchwood Tennis and Golf Centre.
  • London: Groups of citizens and shop owners formed in Enfield, Eltham and Southall, in an attempt to prevent looting. A senior police officer said that vigilante groups were hampering police operations. In the evening, police clashed with a bottle-throwing crowd of about 200 vigilantes in Eltham, containing many English Defence League members. Jack England, the EDLs south-east regional organiser, claimed to be combining 50 EDL members with local vigilantes to control the streets. Overnight a small group of men, threw stones and bottles at the police until they were dispersed.
  • Portsmouth: A nightclub catches fire by South Parade Pier causing the whole esplanade to be shut off. It took the Police 3 hours to put the fire out, the building had to be demolished. To this date it is unknown if this was connected to the riots.
  • Leicester Police officers arrested 13 following disturbances in the city centre.
  • Bristol: Avon and Somerset police arrested 19 people following a second night of minor trouble.
  • Coulsdon: Looters raided GT Shootings gun shop in Chipstead Valley Road at 08:47.
  • The Thames Valley: Thames Valley Police dispersed minor scuffles in Reading, Oxford and Milton Keynes that morning.
  • Gloucester saw stone and bottle throwing that morning, but order was quickly restored.
                                     

5.1. Wednesday, 10 August Political and legal response

David Cameron chaired another emergency meeting of COBRA, mid-morning. In a statement at 11:05, Cameron announced that plastic bullets were available to the police for use in response to the riots if necessary, and put contingency plans in place to make water cannons available at 24 hours notice.

The leader of Hounslow Council, Councillor Jagdish Sharma, urged local residents to "continue to refrain" from taking part in the London riots that had so far not hit the London Borough of Hounslow.

The Acting Scotland Yard Commissioner Tim Godwin condemned the "gratuitous" violence by the rioters.

The assistant chief constable of Norfolk police, Charlie Hall, slammed people who used Twitter and Facebook to post "fictitious and malicious rumours" that the riots had moved to many to safe, including Norwich. Looters had never struck either in Anglia Square or at PC World.

                                     

5.2. Wednesday, 10 August Public response

The family of Mark Duggan said they "are not condoning" the riots and looting that rocked north London, that left 26 police officers injured.

Local Christians gathered in Derbys Market Place yesterday to hold a prayer meeting to ask for Gods help and love towards all those involved in the riots.

                                     

5.3. Wednesday, 10 August Weather

Persistent heavy rain reduced the numbers of rioters or wandering groups on the streets.

                                     

5.4. Wednesday, 10 August Arrests

By 08:05, police had made more than 1.100 arrests, including 768 in London, 35 in Liverpool, 5 in Milton Keynes, 90 in Nottingham, 13 in Leicester and 19 in Bristol. By 15:00, the police had made 113 arrests in Greater Manchester.

                                     

6. Aftermath

IPCC investigation

The IPCC watchdog admitted that it inadvertently led media to believe shots were exchanged and that Mark Duggan was carrying a gun that was never used.

Wednesday, 31 August 2011

As of 31 August, a total 2.987 were arrested and an estimated £100m of damage recorded in 93 shops and other premises.

                                     

6.1. Aftermath Incidents

  • Dunstable: The Norman King pub, a building in Dunstable, Bedfordshire that dates back to 1109 was destroyed after being set on fire in an arson attack, though police did not link the incident to riots occurring elsewhere in the country, after initial public fears were allayed.
  • Banbury: Arsonists were thought to be responsible for three fires in Banbury, involving a burning car in Waterworks Road near Hennef Way, a fire in a skip to the rear of a house in Bretch Hill and the Pepper Pot in Grimsbury where a recycling bin had been set alight.
  • Police were praised for their efforts in preventing riots in the Hillingdon. Police manned positions in Uxbridge High Street and Hayes Town. One unspecified crime occurred in the Tesco on Uxbridge Road, Hillingdon town, which was closed and cordoned off by police that morning.
                                     

6.2. Aftermath Political and legal response

Parliament was recalled from its summer recess. This days debate included the longest question time ever.

Cameron told lawmakers there would be no "culture of fear" on Britains streets, and that the government would consider taking gang-fighting tips from American cities such as Boston. He mentioned former Los Angeles and New York Police Chief Bill Bratton as someone who could offer advice. He said he also wanted to build on the success of programmes to tackle gang culture, such as the task force used by Strathclyde Police. Both Theresa May and Cameron accused the Metropolitan Police service and the West Midlands Police force of being "too few, too slow, too timid" during the rioting in London and the West Midlands county. He said the police on the streets of London were too few and used poor and incorrect tactics when dealing with the rioters.

Cameron said that the government, police and intelligence services were looking at whether there should be limits on the use of social media sites such as Twitter and Facebook or services such as BlackBerry Messenger to spread organised disorder, and whether to turn off social networks or stop texting during times of social unrest.

                                     

6.3. Aftermath Arrests

The number of arrestees in London rose to 922 and 401 suspects had been charged. The police said they had arrested 330 people over the past four nights. One of the arrested people was an 11-year-old girl from Nottingham.

                                     

6.4. Aftermath Friday, 12 August

The Prime Minister promised to use the Riot Damages Act, to cover uninsured facilities and buildings and set up a £20.000.000 fund for High Street businesses to use relief following riots.

Of more than one thousand people arrested during the three days of troubles in London, about six hundred had been charged by 12 August.

                                     

6.5. Aftermath IPCC investigation

The IPCC watchdog admitted that it inadvertently led media to believe shots were exchanged and that Mark Duggan was carrying a gun that was never used.

                                     

6.6. Aftermath Sunday, 14 August

An estimated 2.000 people joined a vigil in Summerfield Park and laid flowers in memory of officers men who died protecting shops from looters in Winson Green, Birmingham. They were victims of a hit and run attack.

Scotland Yard stated that 2.140 people had been arrested, of whom about 1.000 had been charged.

                                     

6.7. Aftermath Tuesday, 16 August

The Deputy PM Nick Clegg said that the government would set up an independent "community and victims panel" to look into the riots. He pledged that when an offender who leaves prison from March 2012 they will be met by providers on the Work Programme at the prison gate.

A 16-year-old from Hounslow was to be tried for the murder of Richard Mannington Bowes as well as violent disorder and four counts of burglary relating to the looting at a William Hill bookmakers, a Tesco Express, a Blockbuster video shop and a Fatboys restaurant.

Martin McRobb, the Crown Advocate for CPS Mersey-Cheshire, read out in Chester court that "Jordan Blackshaw and Perry Sutcliffe independently and from the safety of their homes may have thought that it would be acceptable to set up a Facebook page to incite others to take part in disorders in Cheshire." Cheshire Constabulary had discovered that they used a Facebook group that Blackshaw created to promote the rioting. Blackshaw was from Northwich and Sutcliffe was from Warrington.

                                     

6.8. Aftermath Wednesday, 17 August

The Liberal Democrat MP for Bradford East, David Ward, described government plans to withdraw benefits from convicted rioters as "nuts". Cameron defended the scheme.

Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall visited areas of London, including the Tottenham Green Leisure Centre, which was transformed into an aid centre in the aftermath of the rioting.

                                     

6.9. Aftermath Saturday, 20 August

West Midlands Police released pictures of gunmen shooting at police officers in both Birmingham and Wolverhampton. A police helicopter was shot at in the Newton part of Birmingham.

                                     

6.10. Aftermath Monday, 29 August 2011

Jae-Kiel Van Eda, 28, was arrested after participating in an act in which 2 constables were hit by a green Citroen while they were dealing with reports of a group looting a clothes shop in Waltham Forest, north-east London on 8 August. One officer suffered knee and leg injuries and the other shoulder injuries.

                                     

6.11. Aftermath Wednesday, 31 August 2011

As of 31 August, a total 2.987 were arrested and an estimated £100m of damage recorded in 93 shops and other premises.