ⓘ Vietnam Television


ⓘ Vietnam Television

The first television broadcast in Vietnam was in 1966 when the United States set up 2-channels 1-Vietnamese and 1-English in Saigon for the Republic of Vietnam. Named Dài Truyền hình Viet Nam Vietnam Television, the network operated until the fall of Saigon.

VTV was established with technical assistance and training from Cuba on 7 September 1970, in Hanoi, as a department of Voice of Vietnam. During the Vietnam War it broadcast intermittently from a mountainous region.

After reunification in 1975, the former US-run stations in the south became part of the national network, and broadcasting was extended to the entire country.

Color television was experimented in 1978 and adopted the French SECAM standard and fully implemented in 1986. Vietnam Television became an official name on 30 April 1987. And by 1990, VTV viewers had two national TV channels to choose from as VTV2 was launched and that year switched to PAL.

VTVs regional broadcasting centres are located in Ho Chi Minh City, Huế, Da Nang, Nha Trang formerly in Phu Yên, and Cần Thơ. Programming is relayed nationwide via a network of provincial and municipal television stations. There are transmitters in most outlying areas of the country. By 2003, more than 80% of all urban households owned a television set. The percentage was considerably less in rural areas, but even the most remote village cafe has a TV and video or DVD player.

In addition, each major city and most of the 51 provinces have their own television stations.


1. Channels

VTV today has the following channels:

  • VTV5: Ethnic language channel, broadcast 24/7. VTV5 launched on 10 February 2002. An HD version of VTV5 was launched on 1 July 2015.
  • VTV9: Specialized channel for viewers in the Southern region of Vietnam, launched on 8 October 2007; HD simulcast launched on 28 August 2015.
  • VTV1: News and current affairs channel; 24/7. The channel also broadcasts live important national events and parliament meetings. Music and movies are the only fields that largely fall outside its format. VTV1 initially broadcast on 7 September 1970. An HD version of VTV1 was launched on 31 March 2014. It is considered as one of seven must-carry national channels, and it must be caried free-to-air by all satellite and cable providers in Vietnam.
  • VTV8: Specialized channel for viewers in the Central and Central Highlands region of Vietnam, broadcast 24/7. VTV8 and VTV8 HD launched on 1 January 2016.
  • VTV4: An international channel launched in 1998, offering a best-of package of programming from VTVs domestic channels to Vietnamese worldwide, now available at Taiwan CHT MOD Channel 215 and Malaysia at ABNXcess Channel 311. An HD version of VTV4 was launched on 19 June 2015.
  • VTV2: Science and education channel; broadcast 24/7. The channel also broadcasts China and South Korea TV series. VTV2 started transmission on 1 January 1990. An HD version of VTV2 was launched on 19 May 2015.
  • VTV3: Entertainment channel, broadcast 24/7. VTV3 launched on 31 March 1996. An HD version of VTV3 was launched on 31 March 2013. This channel is the first channel in VTV to broadcast in High Definition.
  • VTV7: National education television channel, broadcast from 6:00 to 24:00. VTV7 and VTV7 HD both soft-launched from 20 November 2015 and began broadcasting officially from 1 January 2016.
  • VTV6: Youth channel that targets an audience between 18–34 years old and sports shows and events, broadcast 24/7. VTV6 started broadcasting on 29 April 2007. An HD version of VTV6 launched on 7 September 2013.

1.1. Channels Defunct regional channels 5

  • VTV Cần Thơ 1
  • VTV Dà Nẵng
  • VTV Cần Thơ 2
  • VTV Phu Yên
  • VTV Huế

Since 2003, all the above channels are also available via satellite, digital terrestrial and digital cable networks across Vietnam. The VTV itself offers 15 pay TV channels through satellite television and digital cable which are called K+ and VTVCab, respectively, with channels such as Reuters, ESPN, Disney Channel, Discovery Channel, BBC, HBO plus about 40 original channels.

Changes to VTV regional channels were made on January 1, 2016. VTV Huế, VTV Dà Nẵng, and VTV Phu Yên ceased programming and became VTV8, a specific channel for Central and Highland Regions of Vietnam. Both the old VTV9 which was only for Ho Chi Minh City and Southeast Vietnam regions and VTV Cần Thơ 1 which was only for Cần Thơ City and Hau Giang Province merged to form the new VTV9 for both southeast and southwest of Vietnam, while VTV Cần Thơ 2 was renamed VTV5 Tay Nam Bo, a bilingual Khmer-Vietnamese channel and the first regional variation of VTV5. Initially, VTV used to intend to broadcast VTV10 based on their local-channels in Can Tho VTV Cần Thơ 1 and VTV Cần Thơ 2. However, it didn’t happen and they’ve cancelled the suggestion)

On October 17, 2016, VTV5 Tay Nguyên, a channel for ethnic minorities in Central Highlands of Vietnam and another regional variation of VTV5, was also launched.


1.2. Channels Future channels

  • VTV World will be the successor channel to the now-airing VTV4 as the new official Foreign Affairs channel of the government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
  • VTV6-4K: A ultra high definition version of the youth-oriented channel VTV6, mainly used for live sport events.
  • After the launching of VTV5 Tay Nguyên on 17 October 2016, VTV5 Tay Bắc, along with VTV5 Miền Trung and VTV5 Dong Nam Bo will also be launched as other regional variations of VTV5.

2. Programming

VTV has its own film production company, the Vietnam Television Film Centre formerly Vietnam Television Film Company, or VFC, which makes made-for-television movies and miniseries. However, only about 30% of the entertainment programming shown on VTV is made locally. The rest is imported and dubbed in Vietnamese. Shows include Korean and Chinese serial melodramas, which are the mainstay of nightly programming on VTV3.

Aside from news and current affairs programming, VTV1 devotes itself to orchestral concerts, ballets, traditional theatre, ethnic minority culture shows and films.

Also, on Vietnamese New Years Eve, VTV broadcasts some programmes and comedy show like Years Last Afternoon, News Special, Gap nhau cuối nam, music concerts, and firework shows, until 2 or 1 am

Details: List of broadcasts of Vietnam Television VTV


3. VTV Worldwide Bureaux

As of 2018, VTV has 14 bureaux with stationed staff and correspondents at:

  • Brussels, Belgium Europe region
  • Washington, D.C., United States
  • Manila, Philippines
  • Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Middle East region
  • Los Angeles, United States
  • Vientiane, Laos
  • Singapore ASEAN region
  • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Tokyo, Japan
  • New York City, United States
  • London, United Kingdom UK & Ireland area
  • Beijing, China
  • Moscow, Russia
  • Phnom Penh, Cambodia

4. Criticism and controversies


VTV4 has been criticized by South Vietnamese refugees and Vietnamese emigrees who find the channels one-sided support of the one-party Communist state distressing and offensive.


4.1. Criticism and controversies VTV4

VTV4 has been criticized by South Vietnamese refugees and Vietnamese emigrees who find the channels one-sided support of the one-party Communist state distressing and offensive.


4.2. Criticism and controversies Copyright infringement

According to Thanh Niên News, on 28 February 2016, VTV admitted that they had used a copyrighted content without permission in some of its programs, confirming that the violation has caused VTVs YouTube channel to be terminated. On this day, VTV, was notified by YouTube that the video sharing website had received multiple third-party claims of copyright infringement regarding videos on its official YouTube channel. The channel was terminated the following morning. VTV then told local press that some of its editors used some footage they found online in their news and current affairs programs without asking permission of the copyright holders. The programs were then uploaded on the YouTube channel. The case was exposed after Bui Minh Tuan, 35, reported that VTV had repeatedly used his drone videos, posted on his YouTube channel named Yamaha Trung Ta, without seeking his permission. Tuan, who runs a motorcycle trading company in the central Quang Tri Province, told ICTNews that he had spent a lot of time and money to produce the aerial videos capturing beautiful scenes across the country. He claimed that over 2015-2016 he had sent many complaints to VTV, the Department of Copyright and the Vietnam Ministry of Information and Communications to report around 20 copyright infringements by VTV, but no response was received. Tuan decided to report the case to Google, the owner of YouTube. Since September he has reportedly filed three complaints. He told ICTNews he is not trying to seek damages and that he wants VTV to respect copyright laws. Tuan said VTV needs to make a public apology to him in a news program and hold a press conference on the matter.