ⓘ Baren (printing tool)

                                     

ⓘ Baren (printing tool)

Baren listen is a disk-like hand tool with a flat bottom and a knotted handle used in Japanese woodblock printing. It is used to burnish the back of a sheet of paper, lifting ink from the block.

                                     

1. Construction

The baren is made of layers. A flat coil of braided cord forms the core. This is placed on a disk ategawa consisting of 30–40 sheets of high-grade long-fibred hosokawa paper, wrapped in tissue and black lacquer. This is covered by a thin bamboo sheath takenokawa twisted in such a manner as to form the handle on the top. According to Hiroshi Yoshidas manual Japanese Woodblock Printing 1939 the madake species of bamboo, grown in Kyushu, southwest Japan, is considered the best one to use.

The bamboo-sheath covering the baren may need to be renewed after a days printing. Rewrapping requires great skill; a printers ability is sometimes judged by their competence carrying out this work.

The disk inside the baren takes 40–50 days to create, as the craftsman glues one sheet of paper on the disk each day. The disk must then dry for a year before the baren is assembled. The coil and covering of the baren are woven and formed from parts of the bamboo plant, requiring the skill of a true master. Only one known person in Japan is still making traditional hon baren for a living - Hidehiko Goto of the Kikuhide workshop.

                                     

2. Alternatives

Large wooden spoons are also used as burnishing tools in printmaking, glass jars with a smooth circular base can also be used for some applications. Some new world barens are similar in shape to the traditional one with small metal ball bearings embedded in the bottom surface that generate the high point contact pressures supplied by the braided cord and have the low friction offered by the bamboo leaf covering of a traditional brayer. Another interesting baren is one developed by Professor Seishi Ozakus and made from a bundle of bamboo toothpicks.

Nik Semenoff has developed a palm press that serves as a baren replacement, made with a number of roller bearings alternating on two close spaced shafts in a small hand held mounting. The bearings have negligible friction and the pressures achievable are suitable for some offset lithography printing, though wider spacing of fewer contact points may make it less suited for traditional wood cut printing.

                                     
  • Baren may refer to: Baren printing tool a disk - like hand tool in Japanese woodblock printing The Bar franchise or Baren a reality competition television
  • hand - held tool called a baren was used to press the paper against the inked woodblock to apply the ink to the paper. The traditional baren is made in
  • baren or spoon, or is run through a printing press. If in color, separate blocks can be used for each color, or a technique called reduction printing
  • red picture Aratame, examined character found in many censor seals Baren a tool used to rub the back of a sheet of paper to pick up ink from the block
  • takenokawa - make it apt for wrapping food, and in the production of baren woodblock printing tools The uniform, plain - colour sheath of the variety kashirodake
  • burnisher, or a leather frotton A traditional Japanese tool used for this is called a baren Later in Japan, complex wooden mechanisms were used to help
  • is printed either by rolling both through a press, or, by hand, using a baren to rub the ink from the surface of the block onto the paper. In a relief
  • level of skill from their carvers and careful moderation of the baren burnishing tool by the printers. In Kachō 蚊帳, Mosquito net the same characters
  • surishi, or printer, places the printing paper on each block consecutively and rubs the back with a hand - tool known as a baren There could be a great number
  • Peters Interior, Stockholm 2015 Stensalen, Stockholms Slott 2014 Konstnars Baren Stockholm 2013 Pierre Peters Interior, Stockholm 2012 Hotell Anglais