ⓘ Innate immune system
The innate immune system is one of the two main immunity strategies found in vertebrates. The innate immune system is an older evolutionary defense strategy, relatively speaking, and it is the dominant immune system response found in plants, fungi, insects, and primitive multicellular organisms.
The main functions of the innate immune system of vertebrates include:
- Recruiting immune cells to sites of infection through the production of chemical factors, including specialized chemical mediators called cytokines.
- Activation of the adaptive immune system through a process known as antigen presentation.
- Identification and removal of foreign substances present in organs, tissues, blood and lymph, by specialized white blood cells.
- Activation of the complement cascade to identify bacteria, activate cells, and promote clearance of antibody complexes or dead cells.
- Acting as a physical and chemical barrier to infectious agents, via physical measures like skin or tree bark and chemical measures like clotting factors in blood or sap from a tree, which are released following a contusion or other injury that breaks through the first-line physical barrier.
- of the immune system the innate immune system and the adaptive immune system Both subsystems use humoral immunity and cell - mediated immunity to perform
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- science of immunology. The immune system is divided into a more primitive innate immune system and acquired or adaptive immune system of vertebrates, each
- An innate immune defect is a defect in the innate immune response that blunts the response to infection. These defects may occur in monocytes, neutrophils
- antibodies. The innate immune system and the adaptive immune system each comprise both humoral and cell - mediated components. Cellular immunity protects the
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- immunity ETI is a property of the innate immune system ETI was first identified in plants but has also been identified in animal cells. The innate
- underlying tissues protected. Immune reactions within the cornea come from surrounding vascularized tissues as well as innate immune responsive cells that reside
- Artificial Immune Systems was edited by Dasgupta in 1999. Currently, new ideas along AIS lines, such as danger theory and algorithms inspired by the innate immune
- The Immune response is the body s response caused by its immune system being activated by antigens. The immune response can include immunity to pathogenic