ⓘ Tram

Tram engine

This article relates to European tram engines. For U.S. tram engines see Steam dummy A tram engine is a steam locomotive specially built, or modified, to work on a street, or roadside, tramway.

Water taxi

A water taxi or a water bus, also known as a sightseeing boat, is a watercraft used to provide public or private transport, usually, but not always, in an urban environment. Service may be scheduled with multiple stops, operating in a similar manner to a bus, or on demand to many locations, operating in a similar manner to a taxi. A boat service shuttling between two points would normally be described as a ferry rather than a water bus or taxi. The term water taxi is usually confined to a boat operating on demand, and water bus to a boat operating on a schedule. In North American usage, th ...


A tram-train is a light-rail public transport system where trams run through from an urban tramway network to main-line railway lines which are shared with conventional trains. This combines the trams flexibility and accessibility with a trains greater speed, and bridges the distance between main railway stations and a city centre. There is also a train-tram, which is a train modified to also run on tramlines. Generally, the tram-train and train-tram are interchangeable, although a train-tram is based on a train design modified to also run as a tram and a tram-train is based on a tram desi ...


A premetro is a tramway or light railway which includes segments built to rapid transit standards, generally as part of a process of conversion to a metro-standards railway usually by the construction of tunnels in the central city area.


The 71-619 is the modern Russian four-axle high-floor motor tramcar. These rail vehicles are produced at the Ust-Katav Wagon-building plant. "KTM" means Kirov Motor Tramcar. This abbreviation was the producers official trademark before 1976, when a new designation system for tram and subway rolling stock was introduced in the Soviet Union. The abandoned the KTM trademark still lives in everyday conversations of Russian tram workers and enthusiasts.


The 71-630 is a proposed Russian low floor tram intended for Moscow and Riga. These rail vehicles are produced by Ust-Katav Vagon-building plant. Only one car was built in 2006. It was tested with passengers in Moscow in 2008–2010, and stay in Krasnopresnenskoye depot.


ⓘ Tram

A tram is a rail vehicle that runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, some include segments of segregated right-of-way. The lines or networks operated by tramcars are called tramways. Historically the term electric street railways was also used in the United States. In the United States, the term tram has sometimes been used for rubber-tired trackless trains, which are unrelated to other kinds of trams.

Tram vehicles are usually lighter and shorter than main line and rapid transit trains. Today, most trams use electrical power, usually fed by a pantograph sliding on an overhead line, older systems may use a trolley pole or a bow collector. In some cases by a contact shoe on a third rail is used. If necessary, they may have dual power systems - electricity in city streets, and diesel in more rural environments. Occasionally, trams also carry freight.

Trams are now commonly included in the wider term "light rail", which also includes grade-separated systems. Some trams, known as tram-trains, may have segments that run on mainline railway tracks, similar to interurban systems. The differences between these modes of rail transport are often indistinct, and a given system may combine multiple features.

One of the advantages over earlier forms of transit was the low rolling resistance of metal wheels on steel rails, allowing the trams to haul a greater load for a given effort. Problems included the fact that any given animal could only work so many hours on a given day, had to be housed, groomed, fed and cared for day in and day out, and produced prodigious amounts of manure, which the streetcar company was charged with disposing of. Electric trams largely replaced animal power in the late 19th and early 20th century. Improvements in other forms of road transport such as buses led to decline of trams in the mid 20th century. Trams have seen resurgence (Trams have seen a resurgence of) in recent years.