ⓘ Olfactory ensheathing cells

                                     

ⓘ Olfactory ensheathing cells

Olfactory ensheathing cells, also known as olfactory ensheathing glia or olfactory ensheathing glial cells, are a type of macroglia found in the nervous system. They are also known as olfactory Schwann cells because they ensheath the non-myelinated axons of olfactory neurons in a similar way to which Schwann cells ensheath non-myelinated peripheral neurons. They also share the property of assisting axonal regeneration. OECs are capable of phagocytosing axonal debris in vivo, and in vitro they phagocytose bacteria. Olfactory glia that express LYZ are thought to play an important role in immunoprotection in the mucosa, where neurons are directly exposed to the external environment. OECs have been tested successfully in experimental axonal regeneration in adult rats with traumatic spinal cord damage, and clinical trials are currently being conducted to obtain more information on spinal cord injuries and other neurodegenerative diseases.

                                     
  • neurons, along with a mixed population of migratory cells including immature olfactory ensheathing cells and gonadotropin - releasing hormone neurons form
  • stem cell research, and winner of the 2017 Australian of the Year. Some of his research focuses on olfactory ensheathing cells which are cells in the
  • to support neurons and in the PNS, also include satellite cells olfactory ensheathing cells enteric glia and glia that reside at sensory nerve endings
  • creationism, a term for several types of creationism Olfactory ensheathing cells a type of glial cell found in the nervous system Ordre des Experts - Comptables
  • mitral cells and GABAergic granule cells are also permeated by dendrites from neurons called mitral cells which in turn output to the olfactory cortex
  • 2013 Transplantation of autologous olfactory ensheathing cells in complete human spinal cord injury Cell Transplantation. 22 9 1591 612. doi: 10
  • Types of cells being researched for use in SCI include embryonic stem cells neural stem cells mesenchymal stem cells olfactory ensheathing cells Schwann
  • shown to modulate the migration of olfactory ensheathing cells OECs and gonadotropin - releasing hormone GnRH cells in mice. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89:
  • independence, often living independently within the community. Olfactory ensheathing cells OEC have been transplanted with success into the spinal cord
  • characterization, and genetic profiling of subpopulations of olfactory ensheathing cells from the olfactory bulb Glia. 60 3 404 13. doi: 10.1002 glia.22274