The woodcreepers comprise a subfamily of suboscine passerine birds endemic to the Neotropics. They have traditionally been considered a distinct family Dendrocolaptidae, but most authorities now place them as a subfamily of the ovenbirds. They superficially resemble the Old World treecreepers, but they are unrelated and the similarities are due to convergent evolution. The subfamily contains around 57 species in 15 to 20 genera.
Woodcreepers range from 14 to 35 cm in length. Generally brownish birds, the true woodcreepers maintain upright vertical posture, supported by their specialized hard tails.
They feed mainly on insects taken from tree trunks. However, woodcreepers often form part of the core group in the center of the flock is visited by hordes of ants. Woodcreepers cavity nesting trees of birds, two or three white eggs and incubates for about 15 to 21 days.
These birds can be difficult to determine that they tend to have similar brown and more expressive bottom hard to see on a bird pressed against a trunk in deep forest shade. Form of the bill, to extend / the shape of spots / streaks, and call are useful AIDS to determining species.
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