ⓘ Quincula

                                     

ⓘ Quincula

Quincula is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. The sole species it contains, Quincula lobata, is commonly known as Chinese lantern, lobed groundcherry, or purple groundcherry.

This plant is also classified as physalis allied to the genus physalis.

It is native to the southwestern United States as far East as Kansas and Oklahoma, as well as in Northern Mexico, where it grows in many types of open, dry habitat, including disturbed areas. It produces a perennial herb ridged, spreading stems up to two feet long. The spear-shaped leaves up to 7 cm long, smooth or lobed along the edges. Flowers bloom from the axils of leaves width up to 2 cm long, widely campanulate or flat-faced with five indistinct, pointed lobes, not drooping, as in many species of physalis. They are purple in color, sometimes with white deep in the throat. The bell-shaped calyx of sepals at the base of the flower increases as the fruit develops, becoming an inflated, lanternlike structure up to 2 centimeters long which contains the berry.

Phylogenetic studies suggest that Quincula closely linked to a small North American genus Chamaesaracha.

                                     
  • Dichrostachys cinerea The herbaceous plant Physalis alkekengi The plant Quincula lobata The Chinese lantern structure, a molecule containing two metal centers
  • Chamaesaracha A.Gray Benth. Leucophysalis Rydb. Oryctes S.Watson Physalis L. Quincula Raf. Tzeltalia E.Estrada M.Martinez Witheringia L Her. Subtribe Withaninae
  • Kunth Leucophysalis grandiflora Hook. Rydb. as P. grandiflora Hook. Quincula lobata Torr. Raf. as P. lobata Torr. Salpichroa origanifolia Lam.
  • through the tropical regions of the Americas and with 1 species in China. Quincula Raf. with just 1 species from the south west of the United States and from