ⓘ Aleutian Range


ⓘ Aleutian Range

The Aleutian Range is a major mountain range located in southwest Alaska. It extends from Chakachamna Lake to Unimak Island, which is at the tip of the Alaska Peninsula. It includes all of the mountains of the Peninsula. The Aleutian Range is special because of its large number of active volcanoes, which are also part of the larger Aleutian Arc. The mainland part of the range is about 600 miles long. The Aleutian Islands are a partially submerged western extension of the range that stretches for another 1.600 km. However the official designation "Aleutian Range" includes only the mainland peaks and the peaks on Unimak Island. The range is almost entirely roadless wilderness. Katmai National Park and Preserve, a large national park within the range, must be reached by boat or plane.

The core Aleutian Range can be divided into three mountain groups. Listed from southwest to northeast, they are:

  • Mountains of the Alaska Peninsula and Unimak Island
  • Chigmit Mountains
  • Neacola Mountains

See Aleutian Islands for the continuation of the range to the west of Unimak Island. Just to the north of the Aleutian Range are the Tordrillo Mountains, the southeasternmost extent of the Alaska Range.

Selected mountains:

  • Mount Veniaminof 2.508 m, Alaska Peninsula
  • Mount Katmai 2.047 m, Alaska Peninsula
  • Double Peak 2.078 m, Chigmit Mountains
  • Mount Douglas 2.153 m, Alaska Peninsula
  • Mount Griggs, 2.317+ m, Alaska Peninsula
  • Mount Neacola, 2.873 m, Neacola Mountains
  • Pogromni Volcano 2.002 m, Unimak Island
  • Iliamna Volcano 3.054 m, Chigmit Mountains
  • Mount Pavlof 2.715 m, Alaska Peninsula
  • Mount Chiginagak 2.134 m, Alaska Peninsula
  • Mount Redoubt 3.108 m, Chigmit Mountains
  • Isanotski Peaks 2.446 m, Unimak Island
  • Mount Shishaldin 2.857 m, Unimak Island
  • Mount Denison 2.318 m, Alaska Peninsula
  • Mount Okmok 1.073 m, Fox Islands

1. Volcanic eruptions

Two volcanoes erupted during the summer of 2008 on the eastern Aleutian Islands. On July 12, 2008, Mount Okmok erupted, and it continued to erupt for a month. A giant, rapidly moving ash and gas cloud shot up to a height of 15.240 m as a result of this eruption.

Mount Kasatochi was home to the other eruption, which occurred on August 7 and 8. This eruption also sent up a gas cloud about 15.000 high. Together, these two power volcanic eruptions deposited emissions of trace gases an aerosols into the atmosphere. These emissions formed a sulfate aerosol layer that totaled a transfer of 1.6 Tg of SO 2 into the stratosphere and disturbed flights over this area for a short period following the eruptions.


2. Earthquakes

The 7.9 Mw Aleutian Islands earthquake occurred in June 2014 at an intermediate depth of 107 km. The quake was caused by oblique normal faulting along the Aleutian Trench, a convergent boundary where the Pacific plate is subducting underneath the North American plate at around 59 mm/year.