ⓘ Nayak (1966 film)

                                     

ⓘ Nayak (1966 film)

Nayak is a 1966 Indian Bengali-language drama film composed, written, and directed by Satyajit Ray. It was Rays second entirely original screenplay, after Kanchenjungha. The story revolves around a matinee idol on a 24-hour train journey from Kolkata to Delhi to receive a national award. However, he ends up revealing his mistakes, insecurities and regrets to a young journalist, who realises that behind all his arrogant facade lies a deeply troubled man as his life’s story is gradually revealed through seven flashbacks and two dreams.

                                     

1. Plot

A famous actor of Bengali films, Arindam Mukherjee Uttam Kumar, is invited to the capital, Delhi to receive a prestigious award. He travels by the train. The morning newspaper arrives and carries with it a article on an altercation he had been involved in. In the restaurant car, he meets Aditi Sengupta Sharmila Tagore, a young journalist who edits a modern womens magazine, Adhunika. Filled with contempt for the likes of him, she secretly plans to interview him because she thinks it would attract more readers. He soon starts to reveal his personality, and also brings to surface the inner insecurities and his consciousness of the limitations of his powers. Aditi initially takes notes, surreptitiously, but later on, out of empathy almost bordering on pity, stops. However, critical of the star, she interrogates him, leading to further introspection on his part. Slowly, his guilt about the way things turned out is very visible.

Arindam also mentions Shankar-da, his mentor, who had never wanted Arindam to join films, being a strong opposer of the medium. He talks about his first day in film, and on the different experiences he faced with other workers in the field and some of the things that happened to them.

Toward the end of the train journey, Arindam is drunk and feels a need to confide his wrongdoings. He asks the conductor to fetch Aditi. He begins to reveal the reason behind the altercation he was a part of, but Aditi stops him, as she has already guessed. It was an affair hed had with one of his co-actors, Promila. Afraid that he might commit suicide, Aditi makes sure he returns to his cubicle, before going back to her own.

As the star re-lives and examines his life with Aditi, a bond develops between them. Aditi realizes that in spite of his fame and success, Arindam is a lonely man, in need of empathy. Out of respect for him, she chooses to suppress the story and tears up the notes she has written. She lets the hero preserve his public image.

                                     

2. Cast

  • Jogesh Chatterjee - Aghore Chattopadhyay
  • Sumita Sanyal - Promila Chatterjee
  • Premangshu Bose - Biresh
  • Lali Chowdhury - Bulbul Mr. Boses daughter
  • Somen Bose - Shankar
  • Jamuna Sinha - Sefalika Ajoys wife
  • Ranjit Sen - Haren Bose
  • Bireswar Sen - Mukunda Lahiri
  • Sharmila Tagore - Aditi Sengupta
  • Uttam Kumar - Arindam Mukherjee
  • Susmita Mukherjee - Molly Mr. Sarkars wife
  • Satya Banerjee - Swami of WWWW organisation
  • Kamu Mukherjee - Pritish Sarkar
  • Subrata Sensharma - Ajoy
  • Nirmal Ghosh - Jyoti
  • Bharati Devi - Manorama Mr. Boses wife
                                     

3. Production

Ray wrote the screenplay of the film at Darjeeling in May, where he went during off-season from filming. Even then he had Uttam Kumar in his mind for the lead, but not as an actor, rather a "phenomenon". The film was shot in the latter half of 1965. Letter by Ray to Marie Seton, author of" Portrait of a Director”." I wanted a relationship to develop between the Matinee Idol and a girl on the train. Romance was out – the time being so short – but I wanted something with an interesting development. The transition from apathy mixed with a certain dislike, to sympathetic understanding, seemed a promising one. So I made Aditi a slightly snooty sophisticate who questions and resists the easy charm, good looks, sangfroid, etc etc. of the Idol, until she discovers there’s an area where he is helpless, lonely, and in need of guidance. From the point where he begins to unburden himself, Aditi can ignore his façade because she’s had a glimpse of what lies beneath. At first he is material’ for her for a journalistic probe, until the process of unbarring reaches a point where she realizes it would be unethical to exploit it. Sympathy and desire to help is the next step. The bond between the two is tenuous, but real. Intellectually clearly above him, her goodness consists in providing him with the small area of contact that exists between them…"



                                     

4. Accolades

  • B.F.J.A Best Director Award: Satyajit Ray
  • B.F.J.A Best Actor Award: Uttam Kumar
  • Special Jury Award, Berlin International Film Festival, 1966
  • Critics Prize UNICRIT Award, Berlin International Film Festival, 1966
  • Bodil Award for Best Non-European Film, 1967
  • National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Bengali, 1967
                                     

5. Preservation and restoration

The film is one of four Ray films which were digitally restored and set for a re-release in January 2014.

The Academy Film Archive preserved Nayak in 2004.

                                     
  • Province, Afghanistan Films Nayak 1966 film a 1966 Bengali film directed by Satyajit Ray Nayak 2001 Hindi film a 2001 Hindi film starring Anil Kapoor
  • Recognition: Nayak by Satyajit Ray Youth Film Award Best Short Film Suitable for Young People: High Steel by Don Owen Best Feature Film Suitable for Young
  • The year 1966 in film involved some significant events. A Man for All Seasons won six Academy Awards, including Best Picture. October 19 - Gulf and Western
  • January 1942 21 August 2017 was a Bangladeshi actor and film director. He is referred to as Nayak Raj Razzak King of Heroes a title given by Ahmed Zaman
  • A list of films produced by the Tollywood Bengali language film industry based in Kolkata in the year 1966 Tollywood films of 1966 at the Internet
  • drama directed by Louis J. Gasnier The Hero, English language title of Nayak a 1966 Bengali drama by Satyajit Ray The Hero, US title of Bloomfield, a 1971
  • 2010 Indian Bengali drama film by debutant director Srijit Mukherji. The movie is a tribute to Satyajit Ray s 1966 film Nayak and yesteryear Bengali actor
  • dancer Archana Nayak born 1966 Indian politician Archana Puran Singh born 1962 Indian television presenter, personality and film actress Archana
  • 2019 - 02 - 07 Jai Sriram, retrieved 2019 - 02 - 08 Jiwan Mrutyu, retrieved 2019 - 02 - 08 Nayak Nuhen Khalanayak, retrieved 2019 - 02 - 07 O My Love, retrieved 2019 - 02 - 08 Om
  • Mohapatra Sanjay Nayak Sisir Mishra Susant Mani Prem Anand Akshaya Mohanty Prafulla Kar Bhubaneswar Mishra Balakrushna Das Upendra Kumar Sarat Nayak Subodh Patnaik