ⓘ État second


ⓘ Etat second

Etat second refers the state of mind into which some French authors go when writing short stories. It mixes abstraction and concentration at the same time, ironically telling sometimes more facts than in conscious writing. The Argentine writer Julio Cortazar often used this method to write, as he called it "the moment of maximum creativity".


1. Concept

In Etat second, the consciousness is clouded so that two personalities that are very different override each other with one appearing in place of the other. The personalities involved one that is normal while the other is aberrant and they follow each other in successions.

In psychology, Etat second is also referred to as the "new state" in the condition called alternating personality. This is manifested in the mental state of hysterics. It is said that the notion of idee fixe, the subconscious that separated from ordinary consciousness, forms the nucleus of the Etat second. For instance, a patient falls to a hysterical sleep and forgets all his previous existence upon waking. However, it is said that all of the ordinary faculties such as speaking and movement are transferred to the new state.


2. Cultural references

  • The Argentinian online magazine L´Etat Second mag also took its name from this term.
  • The French version of the American movie Fearless 1993 directed by Peter Weir was called Etat Second.
  • French, the Etat Libre d Orange is the name of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of
  • Etat 140 - 101 to 140 - 370 is a class of 2 - 8 - 0 steam locomotive of the Chemins de fer de l Etat and subsequently the Societe Nationale des Chemins de fer
  • Etat 40 - 001 to 40 - 143 was an class of 0 - 8 - 0 Tank locomotives of the Chemins de Fer de l Etat They later served with the SNCF who renumbered them 3 - 040
  • Etats d amour is francophone Canadian pop singer Isabelle Boulay s second studio album. It was released in Quebec in February 1998 and in France in November
  • The 28 May 1926 coup d etat sometimes called 28 May Revolution or, during the period of the authoritarian Estado Novo English: New State the National
  • Coup d Etat was a 2004 comic book crossover storyline published by Wildstorm Comics. The story ran across 4 issues, each featuring one of the major titles
  • French coup d etat of 2 December 1851 was a self - coup staged by Louis - Napoleon Bonaparte at the time, President of the French Second Republic It ended
  • The 1999 Nigerien coup d etat occurred on 9 April 1999 and resulted in the death of President Ibrahim Bare Maïnassara and the installation of Daouda Malam
  • The APRA coup d etat was a coup d etat by Raymond Westerling s Legion of Ratu Adil APRA to capture Bandung and Jakarta, and to overthrow Sukarno s unitary
  • regrouped in 2004 without producer Adrian Burley or his band Haiku d Etat to release the second album Coup de Theatre produced by Fat Jack. Each of the members