ⓘ History of Bukhara
The history of Bukhara stretches back for millennia. The origin of its inhabitants goes back to the period of Aryan immigration into the region. The city itself, currently the capital of the Bukhara Province of Uzbekistan, is about two and a half thousand years old. Located on the Silk Road, the city has long been a centre of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion. During the golden age of the Samanids in the 9th and 10th centuries CE, Bukhara became the intellectual centre of the Islamic world. UNESCO has listed the historic centre of Bukhara, which contains numerous mosques and madrassas, as one of the World Heritage Sites.
Bukhara functioned as one of the main centers of Persian civilization from its early days in 6th century BC. The citys architectural and archaeological sites form one of the pillars of Central Asian history and art. In Bukhara region long formed part of the Persian Empire.