ⓘ Carl Wieman

                                     

ⓘ Carl Wieman

Carl Edwin Wieman is an American physicist and educationist at Stanford University. In 1995, while at the University of Colorado Boulder, he and Eric Allin Cornell produced the first true Bose–Einstein condensate and, in 2001, they and Wolfgang Ketterle were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. Wieman currently holds a joint appointment as Professor of Physics and Professor in the Stanford Graduate School of Education, as well as the DRC Professor in the Stanford University School of Engineering.

                                     

1. Biography

Wieman was born in Corvallis, Oregon to N. Orr Wieman and Alison Marjorie Fry in the United States and graduated from Corvallis High School. His paternal grandfather Henry Nelson Wieman was a religious philosopher of German descent and his mother had white Anglo-Saxon Protestant family background. Wieman earned his B.S. in 1973 from MIT and his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1977; he was also awarded a Doctor of Science, honoris causa from the University of Chicago in 1997. He was awarded the Lorentz Medal in 1998. In 2001, he won the Nobel Prize in Physics, along with Eric Allin Cornell and Wolfgang Ketterle, for fundamental studies of the Bose-Einstein condensate. In 2004, he was named United States Professor of the Year among all doctoral and research universities.

Wieman joined the University of British Columbia on 1 January 2007 and headed a well-endowed science education initiative there; he retained a twenty percent appointment at the University of Colorado Boulder to head the science education project he founded in Colorado. On 1 September 2013, Wieman joined Stanford University with a joint appointment in the physics department and the Graduate School of Education.

In the past several years, Wieman has been particularly involved with efforts at improving science education and has conducted educational research on science instruction. Wieman served as Chair of the Board on Science Education of the National Academy of Sciences from 2005 to 2009. He has used and promotes Eric Mazurs peer instruction, a pedagogical system where teachers repeatedly ask multiple-choice concept questions during class, and students reply on the spot with little wireless "clicker" devices. If a large proportion of the class chooses a wrong answer, students discuss among themselves and reply again. In 2007, Wieman was awarded the Oersted Medal, which recognizes notable contributions to the teaching of physics, by the American Association of Physics Teachers AAPT.

Wieman is the founder and chairman of PhET, a web-based directive of University of Colorado Boulder which provides an extensive suite of simulations to improve the way that physics, chemistry, biology, earth science and math are taught and learned. Link

Wieman is a member of the USA Science and Engineering Festivals Advisory Board. Wieman was nominated to be The White Houses Office of Science and Technology Policy Associate Director of Science on March 24, 2010. His hearing in front of the Commerce committee occurred on May 20, 2010 and he was passed by unanimous consent. On September 16, 2010 Dr. Wieman was confirmed by unanimous consent. He left that post in June 2012 to battle multiple myeloma.

                                     

2. Selected publications

  • Tanner, Carol E.; Carl Wieman 1988. "Precision Measurement of the Hyperfine Structure of the 133 Cs 6P 3/2 State". Phys. Rev. A. 38 3: 1616–1617. Bibcode:1988PhRvA.38.1616T. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.38.1616. PMID 9900545.
  • Walker, Thad; David Sesko; Carl Wieman 1990. "Collective Behavior of Optically Trapped Neutral Atoms". Phys. Rev. Lett. 64 4: 408–411. Bibcode:1990PhRvL.64.408W. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.64.408. PMID 10041972.
  • Donley, Elizabeth A.; Neil R. Claussen; Simon L. Cornish; Jacob L. Roberts; Eric A. Cornell; Carl E. Wieman 2001-07-19. "Dynamics of Collapsing and Exploding Bose−Einstein Condensates". Nature. 412 6844: 295–299. arXiv: cond-mat/0105019. Bibcode:2001Natur.412.295D. doi:10.1038/35085500. PMID 11460153.
  • Wieman, Carl, 2014. "Stop Lecturing Me", Scientific American, July 15, 2014,
  • Matthews, Michael R.; B.P. Anderson; P.C. Haljan; D.S. Hall; C.E. Wieman; E.A. Cornell 1999. "Vortices in a Bose-Einstein Condensate". Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 13: 2498–2501. arXiv: cond-mat/9908209. Bibcode:1999PhRvL.83.2498M. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.2498.