ⓘ Jerusalem during the Second Temple Period

                                     

ⓘ Jerusalem during the Second Temple Period

Jerusalem during the Second Temple period describes the history of the city from the return to Zion under Cyrus the Great to the 70 CE siege of Jerusalem by Titus during the First Jewish–Roman War, which saw both region and city change hands several times. It was the center of religious life for all Jews, even those who lived in the diaspora prayed towards Jerusalem on a daily basis and made pilgrimages during religious festivals. The Pharisees of Second Temple Judaism developed into the Tannaim and Judaisms post-Exilic religious identity as it continues today, and the Hebrew Bible was perhaps canonized, although exactly when this occurred remains disputed. It was also in Jerusalem during the later stages of this period that Christianity was born.

Over 600 years of existence of the Second Temple can be divided into several periods, each with its own political and social characteristics. The physical development of the city largely depends on changes in the characteristics of each era, while simultaneously affecting these periods. The population of the city is characterized by social stratification, both economic and religious, which grew more pronounced over many years. There are in the city, for example, a clear distinction between the rich and cosmopolitan elite and the wider population wishing less of an impact on the ways the United Nations from the outside world. Social strata and included different religious worldviews, each with its different emphasis: some rely on priests in the temple while most were led to traditional non-priestly families, highlighting the world of Torah study and development of law over the formal hierarchy established in the temple.

                                     
  • The Second Temple period in Jewish history lasted between 516 BCE and 70 CE, when the Second Temple of Jerusalem existed. The sects of Pharisees, Sadducees
  • The Second Temple ב ית ה מ ק ד ש ה ש נ י, Beit HaMikdash HaSheni was the Jewish holy temple which stood on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem during
  • 31.7732 35.2023 The Holyland Model of Jerusalem is a 1: 50 scale model of the city of Jerusalem in the late Second Temple period The model was moved from
  • The Temple in Jerusalem was any of a series of structures which were located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem the current site of the
  • Muslim domain of the Temple Mount. Attempts to restore Christian power in Jerusalem during the 1190s to 1210s were unsuccessful. The Sixth Crusade led
  • During its long history, Jerusalem has been attacked 52 times, captured and recaptured 44 times, besieged 23 times, and destroyed twice. The oldest part
  • Second Temple Judaism is Judaism between the construction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem c. 515 BCE, and its destruction by the Romans in 70 CE. The
  • of Jerusalem and the Temple still stands in Rome. The conquest of the city was complete on approximately 8 September 70 CE. Josephus places the siege
  • The history of Jerusalem during the Middle Ages is generally one of decline beginning as a major city in the Byzantine Empire, Jerusalem prospered during
  • Islamization of Jerusalem followed the Islamic Conquest of Jerusalem by Umar ibn Al - Khattāb in 638 CE. The second Islamization followed the fall of Crusader