ⓘ Kemenche

                                     

ⓘ Kemenche

Kemenche or kemençe is a name used for various types of stringed bowed musical instruments having their origin in the Eastern Mediterranean, particularly in Greece, Iran, Turkey, Azerbaijan, and regions adjacent to the Black Sea. These instruments are folk instruments, generally having three strings and played held upright with their tail on the knee of the musician. The name Kemençe derives from the Persian Kamancheh, and means merely "small bow".

                                     

1. Variations

The Kemençe of the Black Sea is a box-shaped lute 321.322, while the classical kemençe is a bowl-shaped lute 321.321.

Other bowed instruments have names sharing the same Persian etymology include the kamancheh or Kabak kemane in Turkish, a spike lute 321.31, and the Cappadocian kemane, an instrument closely related to the kemenche of the Black Sea with added sympathetic strings.