ⓘ Literary cycle

                                     

ⓘ Literary cycle

A literary cycle is a group of stories focused on common figures, often based on mythical figures or loosely on historical ones. Cycles which deal with an entire country are sometimes referred to as matters. A fictional cycle is often referred to as a mythos.

                                     

1. Examples from folk and classical literature

  • The Anansi tales, which center on the Ashanti of Ghana trickster spider-spirit Anansi, and its variations in the Americas as Ti Malice and Bouki in Haiti, Brer Rabbit or John and Old Master in the Southern US.
  • The four troubadours Bernart dAuriac, Pere Salvatge, Roger Bernard III of Foix, and Peter III of Aragon composed a cycle of four sirventes in the summer of 1285 concerning the Aragonese Crusade.
  • The Matter of Britain or the "Arthurian cycle", which centers on King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table
  • The Vulgate cycle also known as the Lancelot-Grail
  • The tales of the One Thousand and One Nights, brought together by the frame story of the tale of Scheherazade and Shahryār.
  • The Post-Vulgate cycle
  • Garin le Loherain
  • Chanson de Geste
  • Doon de Mayence
  • The Matter of France or the "Carolingian cycle", which centers on Charlemagne and the Twelve Peers
  • La Geste de Garin de Monglane
  • Crusade cycle
  • The Shahnameh or" The Book of Kings” and the legend of Arash the Archer as well as Avesta that make up most of the Persian Mythology, namely, tales of heroes like Rostam and Esfandyar
  • The Reynard cycle, which centers on the fabular fox Reynard
  • The voyages of Sinbad the sailor, the hero of a cycle of tales of monsters, magical places, and supernatural phenomena met on his successive voyages.
  • The epic cycle centering on the Trojan War
  • Two examples of Japanese cycles are: the Matter of Japan and the Genji-Heike Cycle. Also popular are the Soga Brothers and Forty-Seven Ronin cycles.
  • Der Ring des Nibelungen or the "Ring cycle", which centers on the Ring and the Norse pantheon
  • The Henriad, the four plays of Shakespeare centered on Henry V.
  • The Cycle of the Kings, which centers on the monarchy of Ireland
  • The Fenian Cycle, which centers on Fionn mac Cumhaill and the Fianna
  • The Mythological Cycle, which centers on the Celtic pantheon
  • The Ulster Cycle, which centers on Cu Chulainn and the Kingdom of Ulster
  • The Matter of Rome or the "cycle of Rome", which centers on Julius Caesar and Alexander the Great