ⓘ List of federally recognized tribes in the United States

                                     

ⓘ List of federally recognized tribes in the United States

This is a list of federally recognized tribes in the contiguous United States of America. There are also federally recognized Alaska Native tribes. As of 19 February 2020, 574 Indian tribes were legally recognized by the Bureau of Indian Affairs of the United States. Of these, 231 are located in Alaska.

                                     

1. Description

In the United States, the Indian tribe is a fundamental unit, and the constitution grants Congress the right to interact with tribes. More specifically, the Supreme Court of the United States in United States v. Sandoval, 231 U.S. 28 1913, warned, "it is not. that Congress may bring a community or body of people within range of this power by arbitrarily calling them an Indian tribe, but only that in respect of distinctly Indian communities the questions whether, to what extent, and for what time they shall be recognized and dealt with as dependent tribes" at 46. Federal tribal recognition grants to tribes the right to certain benefits, and is largely controlled by the Bureau of Indian Affairs BIA.

While trying to determine which groups were eligible for federal recognition in the 1970s, government officials became acutely aware of the need for consistent procedures. To illustrate, several federally unrecognized tribes encountered obstacles in bringing land claims; United States v. Washington 1974 was a court case that affirmed the fishing treaty rights of Washington tribes; and other tribes demanded that the U.S. government recognize aboriginal titles. All the above culminated in the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975, which legitimized tribal entities by partially restoring Native American self-determination.

Following the decisions made by the Indian Claims Commission, the BIA in 1978 published final rules with procedures that groups had to meet to secure federal tribal acknowledgement. There are seven criteria. Four have proven troublesome for most groups to prove: long-standing historical community, outside identification as Indians, political authority, and descent from a historical tribe. Tribes seeking recognition must submit detailed petitions to the BIAs Office of Federal Acknowledgment. Consequently, the Federal Acknowledgment Process can take years, even decades; delays of 12–14 years are not uncommon. The Shinnecock Indian Nation formally petitioned for recognition in 1978 and was recognized 32 years later, in 2010. At a Senate Committee on Indian Affairs hearing, witnesses testified that the process was "broken, long, expensive, burdensome, intrusive, unfair, arbitrary and capricious, less than transparent, unpredictable, and subject to undue political influence and manipulation."

In July 2018 the United States Federal Register issued an official list of 573 tribes that are Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs. The number of tribes increased to 567 in May 2016 with the inclusion of the Pamunkey tribe in Virginia who received their federal recognition in July 2015. The number of tribes increased to 573 with the addition of six tribes in Virginia under the Thomasina E. Jordan Indian Tribes of Virginia Federal Recognition Act of 2017, signed in January 2018 after the annual list had been published. The Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians became the 574th tribe to gain federal recognition on December 20, 2019. The website USA.gov, the federal governments official web portal, also maintains a constantly updated list of tribal governments. Ancillary information present in former versions of this list but no longer contained in the current listing has been included here in italics print.

                                     

2.1. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes A

  • Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians, California formerly the Augustine Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Augustine Reservation, California
  • Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation, California
  • Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma
  • Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
  • Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa Ak Chin Indian Reservation, Arizona
  • Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana
  • Alturas Indian Rancheria, California
  • Aroostook Band of Micmac formerly the Aroostook Band of Micmac Indians of Maine
  • Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas formerly the Alabama-Coushatta Tribes of Texas
  • Arapahoe Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming
                                     

2.2. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes B

  • Big Lagoon Rancheria, California
  • Buena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California
  • Bear River Band of the Rohnerville Rancheria, California
  • Big Pine Paiute Tribe of the Owens Valley previously listed as Big Pine Band of Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Indians of the Big Pine Reservation, California
  • Burns Paiute Tribe previously listed as Burns Paiute Tribe of the Burns Paiute Indian Colony of Oregon
  • Bay Mills Indian Community, Michigan
  • Blue Lake Rancheria, California
  • Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin
  • Bridgeport Indian Colony previously listed as Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony of California
  • Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana
  • Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria, California
  • Berry Creek Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
  • Big Sandy Rancheria of Western Mono Indians of California previously listed as Big Sandy Rancheria of Mono Indians of California
  • Bishop Paiute Tribe previously listed as Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony, California


                                     

2.3. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes C

  • California Valley Miwok Tribe, California formerly the Sheep Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California
  • Viejas Baron Long Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California
  • Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians of the Cahuilla Reservation, California
  • Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California
  • Caddo Nation of Oklahoma formerly the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Cahto Tribe previously listed as Cahto Indian Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria, California
  • Cachil DeHe Band of Wintun Indians of the Colusa Indian Community of the Colusa Rancheria, California
  • Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, California previously listed as Cabazon Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Cabazon Reservation
  • Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California
  • Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California
  • Coeur DAlene Tribe previously listed as Coeur DAlene Tribe of the Coeur DAlene Reservation, Idaho
  • Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians previously listed as Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians of Oregon
  • Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
  • Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota
  • Cortina Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California
  • Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Oregon
  • Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Nevada and Utah
  • Chicken Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California
  • Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma
  • Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of California
  • Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Washington formerly the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Indian Nation of the Yakama Reservation
  • Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, Washington
  • Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma
  • Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Oklahoma formerly the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma
  • Coyote Valley Reservation formerly Coyote Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California
  • Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon previously listed as Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Reservation
  • Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria, California
  • Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
  • Cowlitz Indian Tribe, Washington
  • Coquille Indian Tribe previously listed as Coquille Tribe of Oregon}
  • Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, Washington
  • Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon
  • Cocopah Tribe of Arizona
  • Crow Tribe of Montana
  • Cayuga Nation of New York
  • Comanche Nation, Oklahoma formerly the Comanche Indian Tribe
  • Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana
  • Chemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation, California
  • Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California
  • Cedarville Rancheria, California
  • Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation previously listed as Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon
  • Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana
  • Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boys Reservation, Montana
  • Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation, Montana
  • Catawba Indian Nation aka Catawba Tribe of South Carolina
  • Chickahominy Tribe, Virginia
  • Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  • Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon
  • Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota
                                     

2.4. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes D

  • Death Valley Timbi-sha Shoshone Tribe formerly the Death Valley Timbi-Sha Shoshone Band of California. The hyphen in Timbisha is actually ungrammatical and based on a clerical error which has not been corrected. The tribe itself always uses Timbisha, without the hyphen.
  • Delaware Nation, Oklahoma formerly the Absentee Delaware Tribe of Western Oklahoma formerly the Delaware Tribe of Western Oklahoma
  • Delaware Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma formerly the Cherokee Delaware formerly the Eastern Delaware
  • Dry Creek Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians, California previously listed as Dry Creek Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  • Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation, Nevada
                                     

2.5. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes E

  • Enterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
  • Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians previously listed as Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina
  • Eastern Chickahominy, Virginia
  • Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada
  • Elem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians of the Sulphur Bank Rancheria, California
  • Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California formerly the Cuyapaipe Community of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Cuyapaipe Reservation
  • Elk Valley Rancheria, California


                                     

2.6. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes F

  • Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians of the Fort Independence Reservation, California
  • Fort Bidwell Indian Community of the Fort Bidwell Reservation of California
  • Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon
  • Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona formerly the Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Community of the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation
  • Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota
  • Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada
  • Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, California formerly the Graton Rancheria formerly the Federated Coast Miwok
  • Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin
  • Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana
                                     

2.7. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes G

  • Guidiville Rancheria of California
  • Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona
  • Grindstone Indian Rancheria of Wintun-Wailaki Indians of California
  • Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan
  • Greenville Rancheria previously listed as Greenville Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
                                     

2.8. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes H

  • Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians of Maine
  • Hopland Band of Pomo Indians, California formerly Hopland Band of Pomo Indians of the Hopland Rancheria, California
  • Hoh Indian Tribe previously listed as Hoh Indian Tribe of the Hoh Indian Reservation, Washington
  • Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, Arizona
  • Hopi Tribe of Arizona
  • Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan
  • Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin formerly the Wisconsin Winnebago Tribe
  • Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake, California formerly the Upper Lake Band of Pomo Indians of Upper Lake Rancheria of California
  • Hoopa Valley Tribe, California
  • Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation, Arizona
                                     

2.9. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes I

  • Iipay Nation of Santa Ysabel, California formerly the Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation
  • Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Ione Band of Miwok Indians of California
  • Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska
  • Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California
                                     

2.10. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes J

  • Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico formerly the Jicarilla Apache Tribe of the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation
  • Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana
  • Jamestown SKlallam Tribe of Washington
  • Jackson Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California
  • Jamul Indian Village of California
                                     

2.11. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes K

  • Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico formerly the Pueblo of Santo Domingo
  • Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas formerly the Texas Band of Traditional Kickapoo
  • Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma
  • Kashia Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria, California
  • Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Klamath Tribes, Oregon
  • Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation, Washington
  • Kootenai Tribe of Idaho
  • Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, Arizona
  • Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Michigan
  • Kaw Nation, Oklahoma
  • Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas
  • Karuk Tribe previously listed as Karuk Tribe of California


                                     

2.12. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes L

  • Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony, Nevada
  • Lower Elwha Tribal Community previously listed as Lower Elwha Tribal Community of the Lower Elwha Reservation, Washington
  • Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan
  • Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Tribe previously listed as Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community of the Lone Pine Reservation, California
  • Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan
  • Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeno Indians of the Los Coyotes Reservation, California previously listed as Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla & Cupeno Indians of the Los Coyotes Reservation, California formerly the Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Los Coyotes Reservation
  • La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California
  • Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington
  • Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
  • La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians, California formerly the La Jolla Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the La Jolla Reservation, California
  • Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
  • Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Michigan
  • Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of Wisconsin
  • Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony, Nevada
  • Lower Lake Rancheria, California
  • Lytton Rancheria of California
  • Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation, South Dakota
  • Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin


                                     

2.13. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes M

  • Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico
  • Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota Six component reservations
  • Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan formerly Gun Lake Indian Tribe formerly Gun Lake Village Band & Ottawa Colony Band of Grand River Ottawa Indians
  • Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribal Council, Inc. previously listed as Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe, Massachusetts
  • Makah Indian Tribe of the Makah Indian Reservation, Washington
  • Mashantucket Pequot Indian Tribe previously listed as Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of Connecticut
  • Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Fond du Lac Band
  • Bois Forte Band Nett Lake
  • Mechoopda Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria, California
  • Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester Rancheria, California previously listed as Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester-Point Arena Rancheria, California
  • Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida
  • Mille Lacs Band
  • Leech Lake Band
  • White Earth Band
  • Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California
  • Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin
  • Middletown Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  • Grand Portage Band
  • Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California
  • Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut
  • Morongo Band of Mission Indians, California formerly the Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Morongo Reservation, California
  • Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians previously listed as Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi
  • Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
  • Muscogee Creek Nation See letter T in list below: "The Muscogee Creek Nation" previously listed as Muscogee Creek Nation, Oklahoma)
  • Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation, Nevada
  • Monacan Nation, Virginia
  • Muckleshoot Indian Tribe previously listed as Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington


                                     

2.14. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes N

  • Nez Perce Tribe previously listed as Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho
  • Northfork Rancheria of Mono Indians of California
  • Narragansett Indian Tribe of Rhode Island
  • Nisqually Indian Tribe previously listed as Nisqually Indian Tribe of the Nisqually Reservation, Washington
  • Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana
  • Nooksack Indian Tribe previously listed as Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington
  • Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah
  • Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi, Michigan formerly the Huron Potawatomi, Inc.
  • Nansemond, Virginia
  • Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation previously listed as Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation of Utah Washakie)
                                     

2.15. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes O

  • Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma
  • Oglala Sioux Tribe, South Dakota previously listed as Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota
  • Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico formerly the Pueblo of San Juan
  • Onondaga Nation, New York previously listed as Onondaga Nation of New York
  • Oneida Indian Nation, New York previously listed as Oneida Nation of New York
  • Oneida Nation, Wisconsin previously listed as Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin
  • Omaha Tribe of Nebraska
  • Osage Nation, Oklahoma See the letter T in list below: "The Osage Nation" previously listed as Osage Nation, Oklahoma previously listed as Osage Tribe, Oklahoma
                                     

2.16. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes P

  • Cedar Band of Paiutes formerly the Cedar City Band of Paiutes
  • Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah
  • Shivwits Band of Paiutes
  • Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes
  • Koosharem Band of Paiutes
  • Kanosh Band of Paiutes
  • Big Bend Rancheria
  • Pala Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pala Reservation, California
  • Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
  • Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine
  • Likely Rancheria
  • Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada
  • Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
  • Pauma Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pauma & Yuima Reservation, California
  • Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation, California
  • Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians of California
  • Pinoleville Pomo Nation, California formerly the Pinoleville Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  • Montgomery Creek Rancheria
  • Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona
  • Roaring Creek Rancheria
  • Penobscot Nation previously listed as Penobscot Tribe of Maine
  • Pit River Tribe, California includes
  • Lookout Rancheria
  • Pamunkey Indian Tribe
  • XL Ranch
  • Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California
  • Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico
  • Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico
  • Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation previously listed as Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation, Kansas formerly the Prairie Band of Potawatomi Indians
  • Poarch Band of Creeks previously listed as Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama formerly the Creek Nation East of the Mississippi
  • Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico
  • Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico
  • Port Gamble Band of S’Klallam Indians previously listed as Port Gamble Indian Community of the Port Gamble Reservation, Washington
  • Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico
  • Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico
  • Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico
  • Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico
  • Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada
  • Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana
  • Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico
  • Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
  • Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico
  • Ponca Tribe of Nebraska
  • Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico
  • Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico
  • Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
  • Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico
  • Potter Valley Tribe, California formerly the Potter Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  • Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico
  • Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico
  • Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation previously listed as Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation, Washington
  • Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico
                                     

2.17. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes Q

  • Quinault Indian Nation previously listed as Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Reservation, Washington
  • Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation previously listed as Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation, Washington
  • Quapaw Tribe of Indians previously listed as Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma
  • Quartz Valley Indian Community of the Quartz Valley Reservation of California
  • Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona
                                     

2.18. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes R

  • Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
  • Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota
  • Ramona Band of Cahuilla, California formerly the Ramona Band or Village of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California
  • Rincon Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Rincon Reservation, California
  • Robinson Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians, California formerly the Covelo Indian Community
  • Rappahannock Tribe, Virginia
  • Redding Rancheria, California
  • Redwood Valley or Little River Band of Pomo Indians of the Redwood Valley Rancheria California
                                     

2.19. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes S

  • Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan
  • Scotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California
  • San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe of Arizona
  • Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa
  • San Manuel Band of Mission Indians, California previously listed as San Manuel Band of Serrano Mission Indians of the San Manuel Reservation, California
  • Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Mission Indians of the Santa Ynez Reservation, California
  • Sac & Fox Nation, Oklahoma
  • Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona
  • Samish Indian Nation previously listed as Samish Indian Tribe, Washington
  • Santa Rosa Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria, California
  • Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan
  • Seminole Nation of Oklahoma See the letter T in list below: "The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma" previously listed as Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
  • San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California
  • Dania Reservation
  • Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe, New York formerly the St. Regis Band of Mohawk Indians of New York
  • Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe previously listed as Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe of Washington
  • Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska formerly the Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska
  • San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona
  • Hollywood Reservation
  • Brighton Reservation
  • Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians, California formerly the Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Santa Rosa Reservation
  • Big Cypress Reservation
  • Seminole Tribe of Florida previously also listing its reservations:
  • Tampa Reservation
  • Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
  • Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians, California formerly the Soboba Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Soboba Reservation
  • Summit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada
  • Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation, Washington
  • Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation previously listed as Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation, Washington
  • Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota
  • Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin
  • Snoqualmie Indian Tribe previously listed as Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington
  • Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota
  • Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah
  • Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Smith River Rancheria, California
  • Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado
  • Shinnecock Indian Nation previously listed as Shinnecock Indian Nation, New York
  • Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada
  • Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming
  • Skokomish Indian Tribe previously listed as Skokomish Indian Tribe of the Skokomish Reservation, Washington
  • Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians of Washington previously listed as Stillaguamish Tribe of Washington
  • Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  • Susanville Indian Rancheria, California
  • Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota
  • Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin
  • Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation of Washington previously listed as Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation, Washington
  • Seneca Nation of Indians previously listed as Seneca Nation of New York
  • Shawnee Tribe previously listed as Shawnee Tribe, Oklahoma
  • Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians, Shingle Springs Rancheria Verona Tract, California
  • Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation formerly the Sycuan Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California
  • St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
  • Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation of Idaho
  • Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota
  • Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation previously listed as Shoalwater Bay Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation, Washington
  • Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation previously listed as Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington
                                     

2.20. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes T

  • Wells Band
  • Tejon Indian Tribe previously listed as Tejon Indian Tribe of California
  • South Fork Band
  • Elko Band
  • Battle Mountain Band
  • Table Mountain Rancheria of California
  • Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada Four constituent bands
  • Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota
  • Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria of California
  • The Osage Nation previously listed as Osage Nation, Oklahoma previously listed as Osage Tribe, Oklahoma
  • Tonawanda Band of Seneca previously listed as Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians of New York
  • Tohono Oodham Nation of Arizona formerly Papago Indian Tribe
  • Tulalip Tribes of Washington previously listed as Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation, Washington
  • The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma previously listed as Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
  • Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe previously listed as Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana
  • Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians of California
  • Tule River Indian Tribe of the Tule River Reservation, California
  • Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, California formerly the Torres-Martinez Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California
  • The Muscogee Creek Nation previously listed as Muscogee Creek Nation, Oklahoma)
  • Tuscarora Nation previously listed as Tuscarora Nation of New York
  • Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona
  • Tonkawa Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
  • Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota
  • Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma
                                     

2.21. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes U

  • United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma
  • Upper Skagit Indian Tribe previously listed as Upper Skagit Indian Tribe of Washington
  • Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe of the Benton Paiute Reservation, California
  • Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah
  • United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of California
  • Upper Sioux Community, Minnesota
  • Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, Utah
  • Upper Mattaponi, Virginia
                                     

2.22. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes W

  • Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California
  • Dresslerville Colony
  • Carson Colony
  • Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head Aquinnah previously listed as Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head Aquinnah of Massachusetts) formerly Wampanoag Tribal Council of Gay Head, Inc.
  • Woodfords Community
  • Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation, Nevada
  • Washoe Ranches
  • Stewart Community
  • Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, Oklahoma
  • Wiyot Tribe, California previously listed as Table Bluff Reservation - Wiyot Tribe
  • Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada
  • Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska
  • Wilton Rancheria, California
  • Wyandotte Nation previously listed as Wyandotte Nation, Oklahoma
  • White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona
                                     

2.23. Alphabetical list of federally recognized tribes Y

  • Yurok Tribe of the Yurok Reservation, California
  • Yomba Shoshone Tribe of the Yomba Reservation, Nevada
  • Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo of Texas
  • Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe previously listed as Yavapai-Prescott Tribe of the Yavapai Reservation, Arizona
  • Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, Nevada
  • Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota
  • Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, Arizona
  • Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation, California formerly the Rumsey Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California
                                     

3. Federal Register

The Federal Register is used by the BIA to publish the list of "Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs". Tribes in the contiguous 48 states and those in Alaska are listed separately.

                                     

3.1. Federal Register Current version

  • Federal Register, Volume 83, Number 141 dated July 23, 2018 83 FR 34863 – 573 entities


                                     

3.2. Federal Register Former versions

  • Federal Register, Volume 74, Number 153 dated August 11, 2009 74 FR 40218 – 564 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 53, Number 250 dated December 29, 1988 53 FR 52829
  • Federal Register, Volume 75, Number 190 dated October 1, 2010 75 FR 60810, with a supplemental listing published in Federal Register, Volume 75, Number 207 dated October 27, 2010 75 FR 66124 – 565+1 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 58, Number 202 dated October 21, 1993 58 FR 54364
  • Federal Register, Volume 78, Number 87 dated May 6, 2013 78 FR 26384 – 566 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 80, Number 9 dated January 14, 2015 80 FR 1942 – 566 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 67, Number 134 dated July 12, 2002 67 FR 46328 – 562 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 44, Number 26 dated February 6, 1979 44 FR 7235 – First listing of Indian tribal entities within the contiguous 48 states
  • Federal Register, Volume 63, Number 250 dated December 30, 1998 63 FR 71941 – 555 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 72, Number 55 dated March 22, 2007 72 FR 13648 – 561 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 47, Number 227 dated November 24, 1982 47 FR 53133 – First time listing that includes native entities within the state of Alaska
  • Federal Register, Volume 61, Number 220 dated November 13, 1996 61 FR 58211 – 555 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 60, Number 32 dated February 16, 1995 60 FR 9250 – 552 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 81, Number 19 dated January 29, 2016 81 FR 5019 – 566 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 83, Number 20 dated January 30, 2018 83 FR 4235 – 567 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 81, Number 86 dated May 4, 2016 81 FR 26826 – 567 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 82, Number 10 dated January 17, 2017 82 FR 4915 – 567 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 62, Number 205 dated October 23, 1997 62 FR 55270 – 555 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 68, Number 234 dated December 5, 2003 68 FR 68180 – 562 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 73, Number 66 dated April 4, 2008 73 FR 18553 – 562 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 77, Number 155 dated August 10, 2012 77 FR 47868 – 566 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 65, Number 49 dated March 13, 2000 65 FR 13298 – 556 entities
  • Federal Register, Volume 70, Number 226 dated November 25, 2005 70 FR 71194 – 561 entities