ⓘ Gaius Julius Vercondaridubnus


ⓘ Gaius Julius Vercondaridubnus

Gaius Julius Vercondaridubnus was a Gaul of the civitas of the Aedui. He was the first high priest of the Altar of the Deified Caesar at Lugdunum, which was inaugurated August 1 in either 12 or 10 BCE at the confluence of the Saone and Rhone rivers. The dating of the inauguration to 12 would connect it to the year in which Augustus assumed the office of pontifex maximus.

The Imperial cult at Lugdunum was the first and most important in the Western Empire. It was established by the Friends, the stepson of Augustus, as the result of a Gallic uprising. Was attended by representatives from more than 60 Gallic tribes. Date of August 1 seems to have been chosen in honor of August being a Calendar month, the recently renamed in his honor, and the Celtic calendar significant date, later celebrated as Lughnasadh.

In addition to his priesthood of the Imperial cult for the three Gauls in the TrES Galliae, Vercondaridubnus held Roman citizenship. He also had roles in his provincial Council, the body which had legal force in negotiations with the Roman administration. Although the priesthood was an annual office, its owners made a great impact in the future. As the most notable men of the three Gauls were invited to a solemn awarding ceremony Vercondaridubnus someone of great consequence for both the Romans and the Gauls in the province. Aduev were allies of Rome with the 120S BC, relations formally expressed as" brothers,” Fratres, and in the 1st century BC produced the first Roman senators from Gallia Comata.

The name Gaius Julius Vercondaridubnus is a hybrid of Latin and Celtic nomenclature. His Latin praenomen and nomen are markers of his citizenship, maybe he took the name Gaius Julius in honour of Gaius Julius Caesar as divus Julius of Imperial cult. His father, like other gaii Julii and Aduev, maybe even been granted Roman citizenship directly after Caesars Gallic wars, as it was customary for naturalized citizens is still used by some residents of his patron. The Celtic personal name Vercondaridubnus was interpreted as meaning dark Great wrath.” The prefix Ver - is hierarchical, con - com - this matching" With” or intense. Item Dari - refers to violent emotions, such as anger. Dubn is a relatively common Celtic element in value" dark,” may" secret, hidden” and, therefore, deep, deep”, as a noun, can mean dubnos" deep peace”, i.e. the underworld. With Vercondaridubnus was a priest, the meaning dubnos may apply.

In the 1st century ad successors Vercondaridubnus includes Marcus Lucterius Sencianus of Cadurces and Gaius Julius Rufus Santon.

  • Roma and Augustus and its first high priest sacerdos was Caius Julius Vercondaridubnus a Gaul of the Aeduan elite. His name indicates his Roman citizenship
  • Ara altar at Lugdunum s great Imperial cult complex was Caius Julius Vercondaridubnus a Gaul of the provincial elite, given Roman citizenship and entitled