ⓘ Kia Motors

Kia Optima

The Kia Optima is a mid-size car manufactured by Kia Motors since 2000 and marketed globally through various nameplates. First generation cars were mostly marketed as the Optima, although the Kia Magentis name was used in Europe and Canada when sales began there in 2002. For the second generation models, Kia used the Kia Lotze and Kia K5 name for the South Korean market, and the Magentis name globally, except in the United States, Canada and Malaysia where the Optima name was retained. The Optima name is now going to be used for all markets except China, where they will also use the South ...

Kia Rio

The Kia Rio is a subcompact car produced by the South Korean manufacturer Kia Motors since November 1999 and now in its fourth generation. Body styles have included a three and five-door hatchback and four-door sedan, equipped with inline-four gasoline and diesel engines, and front-wheel drive. The Rio replaced the first generation Pride - a rebadged version of the Ford Festiva - and the Avella, a subcompact sold as a Ford in some markets. A second generation was introduced in 2005 in Europe and 2006 in North America, sharing its platform with the Hyundai Accent, a subcompact manufactured ...

Kia Ceed

The Kia Ceed is a compact car produced by the South Korean manufacturer Kia Motors since 2006, exclusively for the European market. It was released in December 2006, superseding the Kia Spectra and is available as a three-door hatchback, a five-door hatchback and a five-door station wagon, with a choice of four engines, five trim levels and either manual or automatic transmission. The Ceed is Kias first European-designed and built car and Kia intends to sell and manufacture the car exclusively in Europe. To mark the occasion, Kia took the initials of the European Economic Community, EEC or ...

Kia Picanto

The Kia Picanto is a city car produced by the South Korean manufacturer Kia Motors since 2004. It is also known as the Kia Morning in South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Chile, Kia EuroStar in Taiwan, Kia New Morning in Vietnam and the Naza Suria or Naza Picanto in Malaysia. The Picanto is primarily manufactured at the Donghee joint-venture plant in Seosan, South Korea, though some countries locally assemble complete knock-down versions of the car.

Kia Cerato

The Kia Cerato is a compact car produced by the South Korean manufacturer Kia Motors since 2003. In 2008, the Cerato was replaced by the Kia Forte, however, the "Cerato" name continues to be used in some markets.

Kia Cadenza

The Kia Cadenza is a full-size executive sedan manufactured by Kia Motors. It was launched in 2010 to replace the Kia Opirus/Amanti. As of January 2014, the sedan is available in South Korea, United States, Canada, China, Brazil, and Middle East.


ⓘ Kia Motors

Kia Motors Corporation, commonly known as Kia Motors. is a South Korean multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Seoul. It is South Koreas second-largest automobile manufacturer following the Hyundai Motor Company, with sales of over 3.3 million vehicles in 2015. As of December 2015, the Kia Motor corporation is minority owned by Hyundai, which owns a 33.88% stake valued at just over US billion. Kia in turn is a minority owner of more than twenty Hyundai subsidiaries ranging from 4.9% up to 45.37%, totaling more than US.3 billion.


1. Etymology

According to Kia Motors, the name "Kia" derives from the Sino-Korean characters ki 起, "to arise" and a 亞, which stands for East Asia); it is roughly translated as "Rising from the East."


2. History

Kia was founded in December 1944 as Kyungsung Precision Industry, a manufacturer of steel tubing and bicycle parts, eventually producing Koreas first domestic bicycle, the Samchully, in 1951. In 1952, Kyungsung Precision Industry changed its name to Kia Industries, and later built Honda-licensed small motorcycles starting in 1957, Mazda-licensed trucks 1962 and cars 1974. The company opened its first integrated automotive assembly plant in 1973, the Sohari Plant. Kia built the small Brisa range of cars until 1981, when production came to an end after the new military dictator Chun Doo-hwan enforced industry consolidation. This forced Kia to give up passenger cars and focus entirely on light trucks. Prior to the forced 1981 shutdown, Kia rounded out its passenger car lineup with two other foreign models assembled under license: the Fiat 132 and the Peugeot 604. Starting in 1986 when only 26 cars were manufactured, followed by over 95.000 the next year, Kia rejoined the automobile industry in partnership with Ford. Kia produced several Mazda-derived vehicles for both domestic sales in South Korea and for export into other countries. These models included the Kia Pride, based on the Mazda 121 and the Avella, which were sold in North America and Australasia as the Ford Festiva and Ford Aspire. In 1992, Kia Motors America was incorporated in the United States. The first Kia-branded vehicles in the United States were sold from four dealerships in Portland, Oregon in 1992. Since then, Kia methodically expanded one region at a time. Dealers in 1994 sold the Sephia; and a few years later, the United States segment expanded their line with the addition of the Sportage. Over one hundred Kia dealerships existed across thirty states by 1995, selling a record 24.740 automobiles.

However, during the Asian financial crisis, Kia declared bankruptcy in 1997; and in 1998 reached an agreement with Hyundai Motor Company to diversify by exchanging ownership between both companies. Hyundai Motor Company acquired 51% of the company, outbidding Ford Motor Company which had owned an interest in Kia Motors since 1986. After subsequent divestments, Hyundai Motor Company owns about one third of Kia Motor Corporation. While Hyundai Motor Company remains Kias largest stakeholder, Kia Motor Company also retains ownership in some 22 different Hyundai Motor Company subsidiaries. Since 2005, Kia has focused on the European market and has identified design as its "core future growth engine" - leading to the hiring of Peter Schreyer in 2006 as chief design officer and his subsequent creation of a new corporate grille known as the Tiger Nose. In October 2006, Kia Motors America broke ground for Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia in West Point, Georgia, representing a US$1 billion investment for the company. Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia opened in February 2010, after Kia recorded its 15th consecutive year of increased U.S. market share. In August 2014, the company received international attention when Pope Francis of the Catholic Church rode in one of their compact cars, the Kia Soul, during a five-day visit to South Korea. The Kia Soul drew bigger attention than two other vehicles used by the Pope, their Kia Carnival and Hyundais Santa Fe, because it appeared in the high-profile welcoming ceremony of his arrival at the Seoul Airport on August 14. In 2016, Kia Motors model reliability was ranked first in the United States by J.D. Power and Associates, becoming the first non-luxury automaker since 1989 to top that list.


3.1. Affiliations and subsidiaries Hyundai Motor Company

As of December 31, 2015, the Hyundai Motor Company owns a 33.88% stake in Kia Motors. is Likewise, as of December 31, 2015, Kia Motors is owner in 22 different Hyundai companies. Its ownership percentages range from 4.9% up to 45.37%.


3.2. Affiliations and subsidiaries Kia Motors America

Kia Motors America, Inc. KMA was incorporated in California on October 21, 1992 and became the American sales, marketing, and distribution arm of Kia Motors Corporation. KMA is based in Irvine, California, and currently offers a complete line of vehicles through more than 755 dealers throughout the United States. The first two models that were introduced to the U.S. Market in 1993 were KIA Sephia and KIA Sportage 4x4. In the United States, sales began in late 1993 for the 1994 model year. The two models most recently introduced to the U.S. market have both been highly awarded during the short time since their launch: the 2018 Stinger performance sedan gained recognition with J.D. Powers inaugural Engineering Award for Highest Rated All-New Vehicle as well as Business Insiders Car of the Year Award, then the 2020 Telluride made its mark several times over by winning major awards from review organizations like Kelley Blue Book, MotorTrend, and most recently Edmunds.

As a brand, KMA has continued to improve over the years as well; in 2013, Kia Motors America recorded its 18th consecutive year of increased U.S. market share, and for the past five consecutive years 2015-2019 it has been recognized by J.D. Power as the highest ranked mass market brand in initial quality.

In November 2009, Kia started production at the first U.S. Kia Motors plant, Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia, in West Point. Though the Kia Sorento crossover vehicle was the only model to be assembled there at first, the facility has since expanded its production lines to include the Kia Optima mid-size sedan in 2011 and the just-launched Kia Telluride crossover SUV in January 2019. As of September 2019, the location has successfully built over 3 million units of these three models altogether, and shortly after celebrated another milestone by reaching its 10th year of production in November 2019. Currently, the facility has a production capacity of 340.000 vehicles per year largely dedicated to the Telluride and Sorento crossover SUVs and is responsible for distributing them to hundreds of dealerships in the USA and Canada, as well as fulfilling shipments across North America and even overseas.


3.3. Affiliations and subsidiaries Kia Motors Europe

Kia Motors Europe KME is the European sales and marketing division of Kia Motors Corporation KMC. It has been selling cars in Europe since the first half of 1991.

In 2007, KME moved from its previous location at Hauptstrasse 185, Eschborn near Frankfurt, to a new purpose-built facility adjacent to the Messe, in Frankfurt city centre.

When Kia launched in Europe during 1991, it initially sold only the Pride supermini - a rebadged version of the late 1980s Mazda 121. It initially proved popular with buyers. By the end of 1991, Kia had sold nearly 1.800 Prides in the United Kingdom. The first full year, 1992, saw that figure double, and, in 1993, it increased again to nearly 5.500 units. However, sales fell towards the end of the decade, and the end of production was finally announced in May 2000, with its successor – the Rio – not going on sale for another year.

From 1995 to 1999, Kia produced left- and right-hand drive versions of the first generation Sportage SUV at the Karmann factory in Osnabruck, Germany. These have been popular across Europe, but, since 2002, Kia has gained more sales in this market thanks to the launch of the larger Sorento. From 1999 until production of the model ceased in 2003, all Sportage production reverted to South Korea.

The European range also expanded in the spring of 1994 when Kia began importing the larger Mentor, a range of medium-sized hatchbacks and sedans which were marketed as inexpensive and well-equipped alternatives to the likes of the Ford Escort and the Vauxhall/Opel Astra.

A facelift in 1999 saw the Mentor name retained for the saloon sedan, but the hatchback was renamed Shuma. These models remained on sale until 2004, when the newer Cerato was launched and gave Kia one of its first serious competitors against mainstream brands. The Clarus saloon and Sedona MPV were also launched onto the UK market during 1999, helping Kia begin its rise in popularity.

Despite Kias range increasing from one car as late as 1993 to three cars by the end of 1995, British sales actually decreased in that period, from nearly 5.500 in 1993 to less than 4.000 the following year. In 1998, Kias future in Britain was thrown into serious doubt when it sold less than 3.000 of its whole range – the worst in any full year on the British market. Kia did not enter Europes large family car market until the launch of its Clarus four-door sedan in 1999 - a year behind schedule due to the financial difficulties that Kia was facing before it was taken over by Hyundai. This car was similar in size to the Ford Mondeo and the Opel/Vauxhall Vectra, but, on its launch, was actually less expensive to buy than the smaller Focus and the Astra. It had a spacious interior, large boot, competitive asking price, and high equipment levels, but it had little more appeal to sway buyers away from established European brands like Ford, Vauxhall/Opel and Peugeot.

Its successor, the Magentis, launched in 2001, was still nowhere near as popular as Kia might have hoped it would be, although with a sub-£14.000 asking price it offered the cheapest V6-engined car in the UK, by which time it was rare enough for a six-cylinder car to be priced at less than £20.000.

Kia entered the MPV market in 1999 with the Sedona. On its launch, it was the lowest-priced, full-size people carrier on sale in the United Kingdom. With the range expanded by 1999, sales for that year reached almost 6.400 – more than double the previous years total. That annual sales figure had almost been matched in 2000 by the end of May, reflecting Kias growing popularity with British buyers. By 2009, Kia was firmly established as a popular brand in Britain, when sales broke the 50.000 barrier for the first time and the brand now had a share of more than 2% in the new car market. The Picanto was the most popular single model with nearly 17.000 sales.

In late 2006, Kia opened its first own plant in Europe at a cost of approximately EUR 1.7 billion in Zilina, Slovakia, in the village of Teplicka nad Vahom, after construction between October 2004 and December 2005. It has since produced over 2.5 million units of the Kia Ceed, Kia Sportage and Kia Venga, as well as seven types of engines. In 2016, 339.500 cars and 612.915 engines were manufactured. The area of the plant is 166 ha and Mobis Slovakia, the largest supplier, is situated right on the carmakers premises. As of December 31, 2016, 3.625 employees worked in the facility, while their average age was 35. The relatively low number of employees working in three shifts is related to a high degree of automation as well as high integration with Mobis Slovakia. In 2016, Kia Motors Slovakia recorded revenue of EUR 5.56 billion. Although the European car market knows significant difficulties, Kia announced increased sales in 2013.


3.4. Affiliations and subsidiaries Kia Motors Mexico

The company has built a $1 billion manufacturing plant in the northern Mexican state of Nuevo Leon, which produces 300.000 cars a year. Details of the factory, built in the city of Pesqueria, were revealed in a joint press conference given by Kia Motors CEO Hyoung-Keun Lee and the President of Mexico Enrique Peña Nieto in Mexico City on August 28, 2014. The plant was expected to be completed in the first half of 2016. This factory is involved in controversies because it was built on unevenly purchased land and the construction agreement was made with advantage conditions and out of the local dispositions to Kia.


3.5. Affiliations and subsidiaries Kia Motors India

The company has entered the Indian market in July 2019 with their Made for India SUV- SP2 Concept now announced as the global mid-sized SUV Kia Seltos. The company has built a production facility on a Greenfield land in Anantpur district, Andhra Pradesh near Penukonda. The annual production capacity is 300.000 units. Kia Motors has appointed Kookhyun Shim as MD & CEO for its Indian arm. In his new role, Shim will be responsible for leading the carmakers expansion in the Indian market. Shim will play a leading role in ensuring KMIs projected timeline and schedule of operations is achieved. He also oversaw the construction of Kia Motors first manufacturing facility in India, to help strengthen the companys position in the fifth largest global automotive market. Kia has committed investments to the tune of $1.1 billion to develop operations in India including investing in a network of over 250 customer touch-points that include service, sales and spares establishments.


3.6. Affiliations and subsidiaries Kia Lucky Motors Pakistan

Kia Lucky Motors KLM is a joint venture in Pakistan between Kia Motors and Lucky Cement. Kia Lucky Motors Pakistan began selling cars in 2018 when they launched their All New Grand Carnival in Pakistan. In quarter 4 2019, Kia Pakistan introduced two new locally manufactured products known as Kia Sportage and Kia Picanto.


3.7. Affiliations and subsidiaries Kia Defense

Kia Motors has specialized in the production of military vehicles with variants and other transportation equipment and by supplying them as a sole maker of military vehicles designated by the South Korean Government since 1976, when Kia Heavy Industry Co. Ltd. now known as Hyundai Wia was established. Kia is currently designing a Kaiser Jeep M715-type vehicle named the KM450 for the South Korean Army on license from the U.S. Government. Kia is also the owner of the former ex-Asia Motors factory at Gwangju.


4. Models

Current lineup

  • Kia Sorento SUV
  • Kia Mohave/Borrego SUV
  • Kia Stonic crossover
  • Kia Soul EV/e-Soul plug-in hybrid hatchback
  • Kia Optima/K5 sedan/hybrid/plug-in hybrid
  • Kia Niro HEV/PHEV/EV hybrid/plug-in hybrid/electric crossover
  • Kia Ceed/Pro Ceed sedan/station wagon/hatchback
  • Kia Telluride SUV
  • Kia Stinger performance sedan
  • Kia Ray plug-in hybrid hatchback
  • Kia K9/K900/Quoris luxury sedan
  • Kia Sportage SUV
  • Kia Cadenza/K7 sedan
  • Kia Seltos SUV
  • Kia Picanto/Morning/EuroStar hatchback
  • Kia Carnival/Sedona MPV
  • Kia Soul hatchback
  • Kia Rio/K2 sedan/hatchback
  • Kia Carens/Rondo hatchback
  • Kia Forte/Forte Koup/K3/Shuma/Cerato sedan/hatchback/coupe

Discontinued lineup

  • Kia Magentis/Optima 2000-2005
  • Kia Visto/Hyundai Atos 1999-2004
  • Kia Avella/Ford Festiva 1994-1999
  • Kia Concord/Capital 1987-1996
  • Kia Cerato/Spectra 2004-2009
  • Kia Spectra 2000-2008
  • Kia Credos/Clarus 1995-2000
  • Kia Elan/Lotus Elan 1996-1999
  • Kia Pride/Rio/Rio5 2005-2017
  • Kia Retona 1999-2001
  • Kia Venga 2009-2019
  • Kia Opirus/Amanti 2003-2011
  • Kia Brisa/Mazda 323 1974-1981
  • Kia Bongo/K-Series/Besta 1981-2005
  • Kia T-600 Kia Lineage of cars 1969-1974
  • Kia Potentia/Mazda Luce 1992-2002
  • Kia Lotze/Optima 2005-2011
  • Kia Joice/Carstar 1999-2003
  • Kia Pregio 1995-2004
  • Kia Sephia/Mentor/Shuma 1992-2000
  • Kia Enterprise/Mazda Sentia 1997-2002

Platform IDs List of Kia platform IDs


5. Design emphasis

Beginning in 2006 Kia identified design as its "core future growth engine" – leading to the 2006 hiring of Peter Schreyer and to the 2005 hiring Tom Kearns as Chief Design Officer. Schreyer had previously worked at Audi designing the Audi TT and Volkswagen and had won the Design Award of the Federal Republic of Germany. Kearns had previously worked at Cadillac as Chief Design Officer and was responsible for influencing Cadillacs direction of hard angles and sharp lines within their design. Schreyer has since been central to a complete restyling of Kias lineup, overseeing design activities at Kias design centers in Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Tokyo, and the Namyang Design Center in South Korea. With the Kee concept vehicle, shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2007, Kia introduced a new corporate grille to create a recognizable face for the brand. Known as the Tiger Nose, Schreyer indicated he wanted "a powerful visual signal, a seal, an identifier. The front of a car needs this recognition, this expression. A car needs a face and I think the new Kia face is strong and distinctive. Visibility is vital and that face should immediately allow you to identify a Kia even from a distance." Schreyer described how the Kia Tiger Nose came to be as he explained, "I was just working on the car and just thinking about different possibilities, and suddenly I found it." Commenting on the new signature grille in 2009: "From now on, well have it on all our cars". Kia has since featured the Tiger Nose on all of their vehicles, ranging from the compact Kia Soul, on to the edgy new design of the Kia Optima, and to the larger SUV, the Kia Telluride. Kia cars have won the International Car of the Year award every year since 2013.


6. Controversies

In late 2012, Kia Motors was forced to admit error in inflating its United States Environmental Protection Agency mileage claims and had to reduce its fuel economy claims in the U.S. by about 3 percent across the board and to offer compensation to previous vehicle buyers.


6.1. Controversies Nuevo Leon plant

Since 2014, Kia Motors has been involved in controversies in Mexico due to alleged irregularities in the construction of one of its manufacturing plants, located in the municipality of Pesqueria, Nuevo Leon. The construction of the plant was done in an irregularly purchased land agreement between Kia Motors Mexico and the State of Nuevo Leon, then headed by Rodrigo Medina de la Cruz, was signed with unfairly advantageous conditions, such as bigger tax incentives than those allowed by Mexican law tax exemptions for 20 years when the standard is 5, extended to the Mexican providers of Kia. A copy of the full agreement was published in Facebook by current Nuevo Leon governor, Jaime Rodriguez Calderon, as part of a prosecution case against Medina and he declared that the signed agreement with his predecessor would be cancelled. A new agreement was then reached with Rodriguezs administration on June 2016. Former governor Medina de la Cruz and 30 other officials of the former state administration were investigated by an anti-corruption prosecutor for alleged embezzlement, improper exercise of public functions and damage to Nuevo Leon State assets. Medina was then taken into custody on January 26, 2017, in relation to this case and others in which he is involved.


7. Sponsorship

Kia Motors sponsors the following sports teams, events and athletes:

Sports associations

  • League of Legends European Championship LEC
  • National Basketball Association NBA
  • Liga ACB
  • UEFA
  • Womens National Basketball Association WNBA
  • FIFA


  • Laurence Fishburne
  • Christopher Walken
  • Pierce Brosnan
  • Tiger Shroff Kia Motors India


  • Blackpink
  • Chase Bryant
  • Weezer
  • Matthew Koma
  • Hyolyn
  • MisterWives

Music events

  • Vans Warped Tour
  • YouTube Music Awards 2013
  • Live at The Chapel Australian music concert
  • Melon Music Awards 2019

Charity events

  • We Can Be Heroes joint-venture between Kia and DC Comics;

7.1. Sponsorship Sports associations

  • League of Legends European Championship LEC
  • National Basketball Association NBA
  • Liga ACB
  • UEFA
  • Womens National Basketball Association WNBA
  • FIFA

7.2. Sponsorship Sports events

  • Archery World Cup
  • UEFA Europa League
  • FIBA Asia Championship
  • Kia Classic LPGA
  • Australian Open tennis tournament
  • Copa America
  • Kia Super League cricket
  • FIFA World Cup
  • X Games
  • X Games Asia
  • Korea Speed Festival
  • Kia Lotos Race
  • Universiade
  • Asian Games

7.3. Sponsorship Sports teams

  • England womens cricket team
  • South Korea national speed skating team
  • Bengaluru FC Indian professional Football Club
  • Global F.C. Philippines association football team
  • Toronto FC North American Major League Soccer team
  • Vitoria de Setubal Portugal association football team
  • Atletico Madrid Spanish professional football club
  • Brisbane Broncos National Rugby League
  • Kia Picanto Philippine Basketball Association
  • Slovakia national football team
  • Kia Tigers Korean Baseball Team in Gwangju, South Korea
  • Philippines national football team
  • Kia Speed Skating Academy
  • Kia Forte Shakeys V-League
  • AC Monza Italian association football team
  • Qormi FC Maltese association football team
  • FC Steaua București Romanian association football team
  • Greater Western Sydney Giants Australian Football League
  • Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic ANZ Championship netball team
  • Boston United FC English Football Club
  • Surrey County Cricket Club
  • Atlanta Falcons

7.4. Sponsorship Athletes

  • Ryan Ford MMA fighter
  • Manny Pacquiao Filipino boxer
  • Badr Hari Moroccan kickboxer
  • Rafael Nadal Global brand ambassador
  • Adelina Sotnikova Russian figure skater
  • Lee Sang-hwa Speed skater
  • Blake Griffin NBA Basketball Player
  • Fernando Gonzalez Chilean tennis player – 2004 & 2008 Olympic medalist
  • Eric Keogh Kia Race Series winner 2 years in a row
  • Michelle Wie Official golf ambassador & spokesperson – KMA
  • Yulia Lipnitskaya Russian figure skater
  • Aliya Mustafina and Viktoria Komova both Russian artistic gymnasts
  • LeBron James Global brand ambassador

7.5. Sponsorship Actors

  • Laurence Fishburne
  • Christopher Walken
  • Pierce Brosnan
  • Tiger Shroff Kia Motors India

7.6. Sponsorship Musicians

  • Blackpink
  • Chase Bryant
  • Weezer
  • Matthew Koma
  • Hyolyn
  • MisterWives

7.7. Sponsorship Charity events

  • We Can Be Heroes joint-venture between Kia and DC Comics;