ⓘ Griselda (Antonio Maria Bononcini)


ⓘ Griselda (Antonio Maria Bononcini)

Griselda is an opera in three acts composed by Antonio Maria Bononcini. The opera uses a slightly revised version of the 1701 Italian libretto by Apostolo Zeno that was based on Giovanni Boccaccios The Decameron. The opera was dedicated to Prince Maximilian Karl von Lowenstein, the Austrian governor of Milan, who died during the operas world premiere on 26 December 1718 at the Teatro Regio Ducal in Milan. Nevertheless, Bononcinis opera was well received and enjoyed several revivals during the eighteenth century.

His brother, Giovanni Bononcini, wrote an even more popular version of his own to Zenos libretto in 1722.


1.1. Synopsis Act One

Years before the action begins, Gualtiero, King of Sicily, had married a poor shepherdess, Griselda. The marriage was deeply unpopular with the kings subjects and when a daughter, Costanza, was born, the king had to pretend to have her killed while secretly sending her to be brought up by Prince Corrado of Apulia. Now, faced with another rebellion from the Sicilians, Gualtiero is forced to renounce Griselda and promises to take a new wife. The proposed bride is in fact Costanza, who is unaware of her true parentage. She is in love with Corrados younger brother, Roberto, and the thought of being forced to marry Gualtiero drives her to despair.


1.2. Synopsis Act Two

Griselda returns to her home in the countryside where she is pursued by the courtier Ottone, who is in love with her. She angrily rejects his advances. Gualtiero and his followers go out hunting and come across Griseldas cottage. Gualtiero foils an attempt by Ottone to kidnap Griselda and allows her back to the court, but only as Costanzas slave.


1.3. Synopsis Act Three

Ottone still resolutely pursues Griselda and Gualtiero promises him her hand as soon as he himself has married Costanza. Griselda declares she would rather die and, moved by her faithfulness, Gualtiero takes her back as his wife. He reveals the true identity of Costanza and allows her to marry Roberto.

  • Griselda is a feminine given name. Griselda may also refer to: Griselda folklore a character from folklore Griselda Antonio Maria Bononcini a 1718
  • the story: Griselda Antonio Maria Bononcini a 1718 opera by Antonio Maria Bononcini that uses the Zeno libretto Griselda Giovanni Bononcini a 1722
  • Antonio Maria Bononcini 18 June 1677 8 July 1726 was an Italian cellist and composer, the younger brother of the better - known Giovanni Bononcini Bononcini
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