ⓘ Musical ensemble

Bentley Rhythm Ace

The band was formed in Birmingham by Richard March, formerly with the group Pop Will Eat Itself, and Mike Stokes formerly with Bugweed Centipede, with guest appearances by James Atkin, a member of indie band EMF. "Both more or less penniless, they drank in the same pub and were forced to buy their records at the cheapest place possible - car boot sales". Their live drummers were Keith York and Fuzz Townshend, alongside whom March previously played in Pop Will Eat Itself. BRA signed on the Brighton based record label Skint and released their eponymous debut album, Bentley Rhythm Ace in 1997 ...

Devetsil

The Devetsil was an association of Czech avant-garde artists, founded in 1920 in Prague. From 1923 on there was also an active group in Brno. The movement discontinued its activities in 1930. Founded as U. S. Devetsil Umelecky Svaz Devetsil - Devetsil Artistic Federation, its name was changed several times. From 1925, it was called the Svaz moderni kultury Devetsil the Devetsil Union of Modern Culture. The artistic output of its members was varied, but typically focused on magic realism, proletkult, and, beginning in 1923, Poetism, an artistic program formulated by Vitezslav Nezval and Kar ...

L7 (band)

L7 is an American rock band founded in Los Angeles, California, first active from 1985 to 2001 and re-formed in 2014. Their longest standing line-up consists of Suzi Gardner, Donita Sparks, Dee Plakas and Jennifer Finch. L7 has released seven studio albums and has toured widely in the US, Europe, Japan, Australia, and South America. L7s song "Pretend Were Dead" became a Top 10 hit on the Billboard Modern Rock chart in 1992. Recognized for being simultaneously subversive and infused with humor, L7 is known for consistently delivering spirited live performances with physical, ferocious sets. ...

Aria (band)

Aria is a Russian heavy metal band that was formed in 1985 in Moscow. Although it was not the first Soviet band to play heavy music, Aria was the first to break through to mainstream media and commercial success. According to several public polls, Aria ranks among top 10 most popular Russian rock bands. Their sound resembled that of NWOBHM bands, for which they were dubbed the "Russian Iron Maiden" in the media. The band has most of its lyrics written by professional poets, Margarita Pushkina and Alexander Yelin commonly, and not by its band members. Since the band was founded, several of ...

Doca (video game developer)

DOCA Studios is a Russian video gaming developer and publisher. It is part of a larger consortium of Zelenograd companies created around scientific and technical creativity. This group was created under direction from the USSR government.

Mastodon (band)

Mastodon is an American heavy metal band from Atlanta, Georgia, formed in 2000. The group is composed of Troy Sanders, Brent Hinds, Bill Kelliher, and Brann Dailor. Mastodon has released seven studio albums, as well as a number of other releases. The bands 2002 debut album, Remission, garnered significant critical acclaim for its unique sound. Mastodons second full-length release, Leviathan, is a concept album based on the novel Moby-Dick by Herman Melville. Three magazines awarded the record Album of the Year in 2004: Revolver, Kerrang! and Terrorizer. The song "Colony of Birchmen" from t ...

                                     

ⓘ Musical ensemble

A musical ensemble, also known as a music group or musical group, is a group of people who perform instrumental or vocal music, with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name. Some music ensembles consist solely of instruments, such as the jazz quartet or the orchestra. Some music ensembles consist solely of singers, such as choirs and doo wop groups. In both popular music and classical music, there are ensembles in which both instrumentalists and singers perform, such as the rock band or the Baroque chamber group for basso continuo and one or more singers. In classical music, trios or quartets either blend the sounds of musical instrument families or group together instruments from the same instrument family, such as string ensembles or wind ensembles. Some ensembles blend the sounds of a variety of instrument families, such as the orchestra, which uses a string section, brass instruments, woodwinds and percussion instruments, or the concert band, which uses brass, woodwinds and percussion.

In jazz ensembles or combos, the instruments typically include wind instruments, one or two chordal "comping" instruments, a bass instrument bass guitar or double bass, and a drummer or percussionist. Jazz ensembles may be solely instrumental, or they may consist of a group of instruments accompanying one or more singers. In rock and pop ensembles, usually called rock bands or pop bands, there are usually guitars and keyboards, one or more singers, and a rhythm section made up of a bass guitar and drum kit.

Music ensembles typically have a leader. In jazz bands, rock and pop groups and similar ensembles, this is the band leader. In classical music, orchestras, concert bands and choirs are led by a conductor. In orchestra, the concertmaster principal first violin player is the instrumentalist leader of the orchestra. In orchestras, the individual sections also have leaders, typically called the "principal" of the section e.g., the leader of the viola section is called the "principal viola". Conductors are also used in jazz big bands and in some very large rock or pop ensembles.

                                     

1. Classical chamber music

In Western classical music, smaller ensembles are called chamber music ensembles. The terms duet, trio, quartet, quintet, sextet, septet, octet, nonet and decet describe groups of two up to ten musicians, respectively. A group of eleven musicians, such as found in The Carnival of the Animals, is called either a hendecet or an undecet, and a group of twelve is called a duodecet see Latin numerical prefixes. A soloist playing unaccompanied e.g., a pianist playing a solo piano piece or a cellist playing a Bach suite for unaccompanied cello is not an ensemble because it only contains one musician.

                                     

1.1. Classical chamber music Wind

A woodwind quartet usually features a flute, an oboe, a clarinet and a bassoon. A brass quartet features two trumpets, a trombone and a tuba. A saxophone quartet consists of a soprano saxophone, an alto saxophone, a tenor saxophone, and a baritone saxophone.

                                     

1.2. Classical chamber music Five parts

The string quintet is a common type of group. It is similar to the string quartet, but with an additional viola, cello, or more rarely, the addition of a double bass. Terms such as "piano quintet" or "clarinet quintet" frequently refer to a string quartet plus a fifth instrument. Mozarts Clarinet Quintet is similarly a piece written for an ensemble consisting of two violins, a viola, a cello and a clarinet, the last being the exceptional addition to a "normal" string quartet.

Some other quintets in classical music are the wind quintet, usually consisting of flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon and horn; the brass quintet, consisting of two trumpets, one horn, a trombone and a tuba; and the reed quintet, consisting of an oboe, a soprano clarinet, a saxophone, a bass clarinet, and a bassoon.

                                     

1.3. Classical chamber music Six or more instruments

Classical chamber ensembles of six sextet, seven septet, or eight musicians octet are fairly common; use of latinate terms for larger groups is rare, except for the nonet nine musicians. In most cases, a larger classical group is referred to as an orchestra of some type or a concert band. A small orchestra with fifteen to thirty members is called a chamber orchestra. A sinfonietta usually denotes a somewhat smaller orchestra though still not a chamber orchestra. Larger orchestras are called symphony orchestras see below or philharmonic orchestras.

A pops orchestra is an orchestra that mainly performs light classical music often in abbreviated, simplified arrangements and orchestral arrangements and medleys of popular jazz, music theater, or pop music songs. A string orchestra has only string instruments, i.e., violins, violas, cellos and double basses.

A symphony orchestra is an ensemble usually comprising at least thirty musicians; the number of players is typically between fifty and ninety-five and may exceed one hundred. A symphony orchestra is divided into families of instruments. In the string family, there are sections of violins I and II, violas, cellos often eight, and basses often from six to eight. The standard woodwind section consists of flutes one doubling piccolo, oboes one doubling English horn, soprano clarinets one doubling bass clarinet, and bassoons one doubling contrabassoon. The standard brass section consists of horns, trumpets, trombones, and tuba. The percussion section includes the timpani, bass drum, snare drum, and any other percussion instruments called for in a score. In Baroque music 1600–1750 and music from the early Classical period music 1750–1820, the percussion parts in orchestral works may only include timpani.

A concert band is a large classical ensemble generally made up of between 40 and 70 musicians from the woodwind, brass, and percussion families, along with the double bass. The concert band has a larger number and variety of wind instruments than the symphony orchestra, but does not have a string section although a single double bass is common in concert bands. The woodwind section of a concert band consists of piccolo, flutes, oboes one doubling English horn, bassoons one doubling contrabassoon, soprano clarinets one doubling E ♭ clarinet, one doubling alto clarinet, bass clarinets one doubling contrabass clarinet or contra-alto clarinet, alto saxophones one doubling soprano saxophone, tenor saxophone, and baritone saxophone. The brass section consists of horns, trumpets or cornets, trombones, euphoniums, and tubas. The percussion section consists of the timpani, bass drum, snare drum, and any other percussion instruments called for in a score.

When orchestras perform baroque music from the 17th century and early 18th century, they may also use a harpsichord or pipe organ, playing the continuo part. When orchestras perform Romantic-era music from the 19th century, they may also use harps or unusual instruments such as the wind machine or cannons. When orchestras perform music from the 20th century or the 21st century, occasionally instruments such as electric guitar, theremin, or even an electronic synthesizer may be used.



                                     

2.1. Jazz ensembles Three parts

In jazz, there are several types of trios. One type of jazz trio is formed with a piano player, a bass player and a drummer. Another type of jazz trio that became popular in the 1950s and 1960s is the organ trio, which is composed of a Hammond organ player, a drummer, and a third instrumentalist either a saxophone player or an electric jazz guitarist. In organ trios, the Hammond organ player performs the bass line on the organ bass pedals while simultaneously playing chords or lead lines on the keyboard manuals. Other types of trios include the "drummer-less" trio, which consists of a piano player, a double bassist, and a horn saxophone or trumpet or guitar player; and the jazz trio with a horn player saxophone or trumpet, double bass player, and a drummer. In the latter type of trio, the lack of a chordal instrument means that the horn player and the bassist have to imply the changing harmonies with their improvised lines.

                                     

2.2. Jazz ensembles Four parts

Jazz quartets typically add a horn to one of the jazz trios described above. Slightly larger jazz ensembles, such as quintets five instruments or sextets six instruments typically add other soloing instruments to the basic quartet formation, such as different types of saxophones or an additional chordal instrument.



                                     

2.3. Jazz ensembles Larger ensembles

The lineup of larger jazz ensembles can vary considerably, depending on the style of jazz being performed. In a 1920s-style dixieland jazz band, a larger ensemble would be formed by adding a banjo player, woodwind instruments, as with the clarinet, or additional horns to one of the smaller groups. In a 1930s-style Swing big band, a larger ensemble is formed by adding "sections" of like instruments, such as a saxophone section, a trumpet section and a trombone section, which perform arranged "horn lines" to accompany the ensemble. Some Swing bands also added a string section for a lush sound. In a 1970s-style jazz fusion ensemble, a larger ensemble is often formed by adding additional percussionists or sometimes a saxophone player, who would "double" or "triple" meaning that they would also be proficient at the clarinet, flute or both. Larger jazz ensembles are also formed by the addition of other soloing instruments.

                                     

3.1. Rock and pop bands Two parts

Two-member rock and pop bands are relatively rare, because of the difficulty in providing all of the musical elements which are part of the rock or pop sound. Two-member rock and pop bands typically omit one of these musical elements. In many cases, two-member bands will omit a drummer, since guitars, bass guitars, and keyboards can all be used to provide a rhythmic pulse.

Examples of two-member bands are The Carpenters, The Summer Obsession, Japandroids, They Might Be Giants, Local H, Pet Shop Boys, Hella, Flight of the Conchords, Death from Above 1979, Francis Xavier, I Set My Friends on Fire, Middle Class Rut, The Pity Party, Little Fish, The White Stripes, Big Business, Two Gallants, Lightning Bolt, The Ting Tings, The Black Box Revelation, Satyricon, The Black Keys, Twenty One Pilots, Tenacious D, Simon and Garfunkel, Hall & Oates, Johnossi, The Pack A.D., Air Supply and Royal Blood.

When electronic sequencers became widely available in the 1980s, this made it easier for two-member bands to add in musical elements that the two band members were not able to perform. Sequencers allowed bands to pre-program some elements of their performance, such as an electronic drum part and a synth-bass line. Two-member pop music bands such as Soft Cell, Blancmange, Yazoo and Erasure used pre-programmed sequencers.

W.A.S.P. guitarist Doug Blair is also known for his work in the non-notable two-piece progressive rock band signal2noise, where he acts as the lead guitarist and bassist at the same time, thanks to a special custom instrument he invented an electric guitar with five regular guitar strings paired with three bass guitar strings. Heisenflei of Los Angeles duo The Pity Party plays drums, keyboards, and sings simultaneously. Providence-based Lightning Bolt is a two-member band. Bassist Brian Gibson augments his playing with delay pedals, pitch shifters, looping devices and other pedals, occasionally creating harmony. Local H, Blood Red Shoes, PS I Love You, The Redmond Barrys and Warship are other prominent two-person experimental rock bands.



                                     

3.2. Rock and pop bands Three parts

The smallest ensemble that is commonly used in rock music is the trio format. In a hard-rock or blues-rock band, or heavy metal rock group, a "power trio" format is often used, which consists of an electric guitar player, an electric bass guitar player and a drummer, and typically one or more of these musicians also sing sometimes all three members will sing, e.g. Bee Gees or Alkaline Trio. Some well-known power trios with the guitarist on lead vocals are The Jimi Hendrix Experience, Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble, Nirvana, Violent Femmes, Govt Mule, Green Day, The Minutemen, Triumph, Shellac, Sublime, Chevelle, Muse, The Jam, Short Stack, and ZZ Top.

A handful of others with the bassist on vocals include Primus, Motorhead, The Police, The Melvins, MxPx, Blue Cheer, Rush, The Presidents of the United States of America, Venom, and Cream. Some power trios feature two lead vocalists. For example, in the band blink-182 vocals are split between bassist Mark Hoppus and guitarist Tom DeLonge, or in the band Dinosaur Jr., guitarist J. Mascis is the primary songwriter and vocalist, but bassist Lou Barlow writes some songs and sings as well.

An alternative to the power trio are organ trios formed with an electric guitarist, a drummer and a keyboardist. Although organ trios are most commonly associated with 1950s and 1960s jazz organ trio groups such as those led by organist Jimmy Smith, there are also organ trios in rock-oriented styles, such as jazz-rock fusion and Grateful Dead-influenced jam bands such as Medeski Martin & Wood. In organ trios, the keyboard player typically plays a Hammond organ or similar instrument, which permits the keyboard player to perform bass lines, chords, and lead lines, one example being hard rock band Zebra. A variant of the organ trio are trios formed with an electric bassist, a drummer and an electronic keyboardist playing synthesizers such as the progressive rock band Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Triumvirat, and Atomic Rooster. Another variation is to have a vocalist, a guitarist and a drummer, an example being Yeah Yeahs. Another variation is two guitars, a bassist, and a drum machine, examples including Magic Wands and Big Black.

A power trio with the guitarist on lead vocals is a popular record company lineup, as the guitarist and singer will usually be the songwriter. Therefore, the label only has to present one "face" to the public. The backing band may or may not be featured in publicity. If the backup band is not marketed as an integral part of the group, this gives the record company more flexibility to replace band members or use substitute musicians. This lineup often leads to songs that are fairly simple and accessible, as the frontman or frontwoman will have to sing and play guitar at the same time.

                                     

3.3. Rock and pop bands Four parts

The four-piece band is the most common configuration in rock and pop music.

Another common formation was a vocalist, electric guitarist, bass guitarist, and a drummer Instrumentally, these bands can be considered as trios. This format is popular with new bands, as there are only two instruments that need tuning, the melody and chords formula prevalent with their material is easy to learn, four members are commonplace to work with, the roles are clearly defined and generally are: instrumental melody line, rhythm section which plays the chords or countermelody, and vocals on top.

In some early rock bands, keyboardists were used, performing on piano e.g. The Seeds and The Doors with a guitarist, singer, drummer and keyboardist. Some bands will have a guitarist, bassist, drummer, and keyboard player.

Some bands will have the bassist on lead vocals, such as Thin Lizzy, The Chameleons, Skillet, Pink Floyd, Motorhead, NOFX, +44, Slayer, The All-American Rejects or even the lead guitarist, such as Death, Dire Straits, Megadeth and Creedence Clearwater Revival. Some bands, such as The Beatles, Dire Straits and Metallica have a lead guitarist, a rhythm guitarist and a bassist that all sing lead and backing vocals, that also play keyboards regularly, as well as a drummer.



                                     

3.4. Rock and pop bands Five parts

Five-piece bands have existed in rock music since the development of the genre. The Beach Boys, The Rolling Stones until 1993, Aerosmith, Def Leppard, AC/DC, Oasis, Pearl Jam, Guns N Roses, Radiohead, The Strokes, The Yardbirds, 311 and The Hives are examples of the common vocalist, lead guitar, rhythm guitar, bass, and drums lineup whilst other bands such as Judas Priest have two guitarists who equally share lead and rhythm parts. An alternative to the five-member lineup replaces the rhythm guitarist with a keyboard–synthesizer player or with a turntablist such as Deftones, Hed PE, Incubus or Limp Bizkit.

Alternatives include a keyboardist, guitarist, drummer, bassist, and saxophonist, such as The Sonics, The Dave Clark 5, and Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs. Another alternative is three guitarists, a bassist and a drummer, such as Foo Fighters, Radiohead, and The Byrds. Some five-person bands feature two guitarists, a keyboardist, a bassist and a drummer, with one or more of these musicians typically one of the guitarists handling lead vocals on top of their instrument. In some cases, typically in cover bands, one musician plays either rhythm guitar or keyboards, depending on the song one notable band being Firewind, with Bob Katsionis handling this particular role.

Other times, the vocalist will bring another musical "voice" to the table, most commonly a harmonica or percussion; Mick Jagger, for example, played harmonica and percussion instruments like maracas and tambourine whilst singing at the same time. Keith Relf of the Yardbirds played harmonica frequently, though not often while also singing. Ozzy Osbourne was also known to play the harmonica on some occasions i.e. "The Wizard" by Black Sabbath. Vocalist Robert Brown of lesser known steampunk band Abney Park plays harmonica, accordion, and darbuka in addition to mandolin. Flutes are also commonly used by vocalists, most notably Ian Anderson of Jethro Tull and Ray Thomas of the Moody Blues, though these are difficult to play while singing at the same time.

A less common lineup is to have lead vocals, two guitarists of varying types and two drummers, e.g. Adam and the Ants.

                                     

3.5. Rock and pop bands Larger rock ensembles

Although they are quite uncommon, larger bands have long been a part of rock and pop music, in part due to the influence of the "singer accompanied with orchestra" model inherited from popular big-band jazz and swing and popularized by Frank Sinatra and Ella Fitzgerald. To create larger ensembles, rock bands often add an additional guitarist, an additional keyboardist, additional percussionists or second drummer, an entire horn section, and even a flautist. An example of a six-member rock band is Toto with a lead vocalist, guitarist, bassist, two keyboard players, and drummer. The American heavy metal band Slipknot is composed of nine members, with a vocalist, two guitarists, a drummer, a bassist, two custom percussionists/backing vocalists, a turntablist, and a sampler/keyboardist.

In larger groups such as The Band, instrumentalists could play multiple instruments, which enabled the ensemble to create a wider variety of instrument combinations. More modern examples of such a band are Arcade Fire and Edward Sharpe and the Magnetic Zeros. More rarely, rock or pop groups will be accompanied in concerts by a full or partial symphony orchestra, where lush string-orchestra arrangements are used to flesh out the sound of slow ballads.

Rhys Chatham and Glenn Branca started doing performances in the late 1970s with orchestras consisting of ten to hundred Branca and even four hundred guitars.

Some groups have a large number of members that all play the same instrument, such as guitar, keyboard, ocarinas, horns or strings.



                                     

4. Electronic music groups

Electronic music groups typically use electronic musical instruments such as synthesizers, sequencers, samplers and electronic drums to produce music. The production technique of music programming is also widely used in electronic music. Examples include Kraftwerk, Daft Punk, The Chemical Brothers, Faithless and Apollo 440.

Electronic dance music groups usually consist of two to three members, and are mainly producers, DJs and remixers, whose work is solely produced in a studio or with the use of a digital audio workstation. Examples include Basement Jaxx, Flip & Fill, Tin Out, The Chainsmokers, Cheat Codes, Cash and Major Lazer.

                                     

5. Role of women

Women have a high prominence in many popular music styles as singers. However, professional women instrumentalists are uncommon in popular music, especially in rock genres such as heavy metal. "selves." When Suzi Quatro emerged in 1973, "no other prominent female musician worked in rock simultaneously as a singer, instrumentalist, songwriter, and bandleader". According to Auslander, she was "kicking down the male door in rock and roll and proving that a female musician. and this is a point I am extremely concerned about. could play as well if not better than the boys".

                                     

6. Musical drama

Sung dramas such as operas and musicals usually have numbers where several of the principals are singing together, either on their own or with the chorus. Such numbers are also referred to as ensembles.

                                     

7. Other western musical ensembles

A choir is a group of voices. By analogy, sometimes a group of similar instruments in a symphony orchestra are referred to as a choir. For example, the woodwind instruments of a symphony orchestra could be called the woodwind choir.

A group that plays popular music or military music is usually called a band; a drum and bugle corps is a type of the latter. These bands perform a wide range of music, ranging from arrangements of jazz orchestral, or popular music to military-style marches. Drum corps perform on brass and percussion instruments only. Drum and Bugle Corps incorporate costumes, hats, and pageantry in their performances.

Other band types include:

  • Marching bands and military bands, dating back to the Ottoman military bands.
  • Brass bands: groups consisting of around 30 brass and percussion players;
  • Jug bands;
  • Mexican Mariachi groups typically consist of at least two violins, two trumpets, one Spanish guitar, one vihuela a high-pitched, five-string guitar, and one Guitarron a Mexican acoustic bass that is roughly guitar-shaped, and one or more singers.
  • String bands
                                     
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  • music, a musical ensemble or band is a group of musicians that works together to perform music. The following articles concern types of musical bands: All - female
  • A percussion ensemble is a musical ensemble consisting of only percussion instruments. Although the term can be used to describe any such group, it commonly
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  • The Ensemble Aleph is a French musical ensemble composed of performing musicians and composers created in 1983. The members of this collective are currently:
  • Ensemble intercontemporain is a Paris - based, world - renowned ensemble of 31 full - time musicians dedicated to performing and promoting contemporary chamber
  • The Rustavi Ensemble or the Georgian State Academic Ensemble is a Georgian folk music ensemble that was created in 1968 by Anzor Erkomaishvili, a singer
  • The Al Turath Ensemble فــرقــة الــتـراث is a Syrian classical Arabic musical ensemble founded in 1954 by Sabri Mudallah. Leadership passed to Mohammed
  • Founded during the Soviet era, the ensemble consists of a male choir, an orchestra, and a dance ensemble The Ensemble has entertained audiences both in
  • The Rose Ensemble based in St. Paul, Minnesota, is a musical group that was founded by Jordan Sramek in 1996. The group, which is primarily vocal, specializes