ⓘ Papilledema

                                     

ⓘ Papilledema

Papilledema or papilloedema is optic disc swelling that is caused by increased intracranial pressure due to any cause. The swelling is usually bilateral and can occur over a period of hours to weeks. Unilateral presentation is extremely rare.

In intracranial hypertension, swelling of the optic disc most often occurs bilaterally. When the swelling of the optic disc is located on fundoscopy, further evaluation is warranted because the loss of vision may occur if the underlying disease is not treated. Further examination CT or MRI of the brain and / or spine is usually performed. Recent studies have shown that the point-of-care ultrasound can be used to measure optic nerve sheath diameter for detection of raised intracranial pressure and shows good diagnostic accuracy compared to CT. Thus, if there is a question about swelling of the optic nerve in the fundoscopic examination or if the optic disc could not be adequately visualized, the ultrasound can be used to quickly determine increased intracranial pressure and facilitates further assessment and intervention. Unilateral swelling of the optic disc can be assumed the disease in the eye, such as glioma of the optic nerve.

                                     
  • papilledema However, papillitis may be unilateral, whereas papilledema is almost always bilateral. Papillitis can be differentiated from papilledema
  • Pseudo - Foster Kennedy syndrome is defined as one - sided optic atrophy with papilledema in the other eye but with the absence of a mass. The syndrome is defined
  • expression on one or both sides of the face. The increased pressure leads to papilledema which is swelling of the optic disc, the spot where the optic nerve
  • giddiness, nervousness, blurred vision, discomfort tightness in chest, papilledema muscular weakness, loss of reflexes, loss of sphincter control, cardiac
  • hypertension syndrome is characterized by an elevated intracranial pressure, papilledema and headache with occasional abducens nerve paresis, absence of a space - occupying
  • flushing, and or white nails. Papilledema Papilledema swelling of retinal optical discs occurs in 29 to 64 of cases. Papilledema in POEMS syndrome patients
  • Clinical signs of cerebral edema, such as focal neurological deficits, papilledema and decreased level of consciousness, if temporally associated with recent
  • ocular palsies, altered level of consciousness, back pain and papilledema If papilledema is protracted, it may lead to visual disturbances, optic atrophy
  • June 20. Johnny s vision was impaired to varying degrees because of papilledema caused by the tumor. Johnny s parents, John and Frances, sought help
  • paranasal sinuses, proptosis, periorbital oedema, retinal haemorrhages, papilledema extraocular movement abnormalities, and trigeminal nerve sensory loss
  • he had to go out of action from football due to being diagnosed with Papilledema Meiga first called up for senior team in 2010 AFF Suzuki Cup as third