ⓘ Cough

                                     

ⓘ Cough

A cough is a sudden expulsion of air through the large breathing passages that can help clear them of fluids, irritants, foreign particles and microbes. As a protective reflex, coughing can be repetitive with the cough reflex following three phases: an inhalation, a forced exhalation against a closed glottis, and a violent release of air from the lungs following opening of the glottis, usually accompanied by a distinctive sound.

Frequent cough usually indicates the presence of the disease. Many viruses and bacteria benefit, from an evolutionary point of view, causing the owner of the cough, which contributes to the spread of the disease to new hosts. Most of the time, irregular coughing is caused by respiratory infections, but can also be triggered by choking, Smoking, air pollution, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease, post-nasal drip, chronic bronchitis, lung tumors, heart failure and medications such as ACE inhibitors.

Treatment should target the cause, for example, Smoking cessation or discontinuing ACE inhibitors. Cough syrup, such as codeine or dextromethorphan are frequently prescribed, but was shown to have little effect. Other treatment options can be directed to the inflammation of the respiratory tract and may facilitate the expectoration of mucus. As this is a natural protective reflex, inhibiting the cough reflex can be devastating, especially if the cough is productive.

                                     
  • Whooping cough also known as pertussis or the 100 - day cough is a highly contagious bacterial disease. Initially, symptoms are usually similar to those
  • The cough reflex has both sensory afferent mainly via the vagus nerve and motor efferent components. Pulmonary irritant receptors cough receptors
  • A habit cough also known inappropriately as psychogenic cough tic cough and somatic cough disorder is a cough that may develop in children or adolescents
  • A barking cough is a symptom name that may refer to: A harsh cough that sounds somewhat like a dog barking, as with croup The Barking cough is a symptom
  • Chronic cough is long - term coughing sometimes defined as more than several weeks or months. The term can be used to describe the different causes related
  • Kennel cough also known as canine infectious respiratory disease, formerly canine infectious tracheobronchitis, is an upper respiratory infection affecting
  • with the common cold, cough or related conditions. There is, however, no good evidence that cough medications reduce coughing While they have been used
  • Cough Cough is a song from British indie pop band Everything Everything. The track was released in the United Kingdom on 14 October 2012 as the lead
  • The cough center is a region of the brain which controls coughing The cough center is located in the medulla oblongata in the brainstem. Cough suppressants
  • Katrina cough is a putative respiratory illness thought to be linked to exposure to mold and dust after the 2005 Hurricane Katrina in the United States
  • A post - viral cough is a lingering cough that follows a viral respiratory tract infection, such as a common cold or flu and lasting up to eight weeks. Post - viral