ⓘ Gorky Park (film)
Gorky Park is a 1983 American mystery thriller film based on the novel Gorky Park by Martin Cruz Smith. The film was directed by Michael Apted. Dennis Potter won a 1984 Edgar Award for his screenplay for the film.
The main stars of the film are William Hurt as Arkady Renko, Lee Marvin as Jack Osborne, Joanna Pacula as Irina Asanova, Rikki Fulton as Major Pribluda, Brian Dennehy as William Kirwill, Ian McDiarmid as Professor Andreev, Michael Elphick as Pasha and Ian Bannen as Prosecutor Iamskoy. James Horner wrote the score. Ralf D. Bode was cinematographer.
Pacula was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture and Elphick for a BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actor.
Moscow militsiya officer Arkady Renko is called to the site of three dead bodies in a Gorky Park ice rink. All have been shot in the chest and their faces and finger tips removed; two were also shot in the mouth. Renko becomes anxious when the KGB refuses to take over the investigation. Renko traces the womans skates to a movie set worker, Irina Asanova, who claims that they were stolen. Based on the forensics, the doctor identifies one young man as a foreigner, likely an American. Renko asks Professor Levi Andreev to reconstruct two of their faces.
At the dacha of Chief Prosecutor Iamskoy, Renko makes the acquaintance of American sable importer Jack Osborne, who is accompanied by Asanova. Renko also crosses paths with William Kirwill, a New York detective who is investigating the disappearance of his brother James.
Renko eventually identifies the victims: James Kirwill and two friends of Asanova. He discovers that they were constructing a chest for Osborne. Renkos suspicion of Osborne mounts following several polite but tense conversations in social settings. When a KGB officer attempts to kill Asanova with an injected overdose, Renko saves her. Nursing her, they become involved romantically although she doesnt entirely trust him. Kirwill finally finds out about Osbornes chest. It was designed to smuggle out six live sables and break the Soviet monopoly, potentially earning Osborne millions. Osborne had promised Asanovas friends to smuggle them out of the Soviet Union; he tells Asanova her friend is in Manhattan.
Renko confronts Asanova with Prof. Andreevs reconstructed head of her girlfriend, forcing her to accept they have been murdered. She confesses to the plot and flees. Renko and Kirwill go to retrieve the second reconstructed head, but a KGB agent emerges with it. They follow him to Iamskoys dacha and watch as Osborne and Iamskoy supervise the heads destruction. To Kirwills horror, it his brothers head, but they overhear a deal between Osborne and Iamskoy. Renko confronts Iamskoy in a bath house and Iamskoy admits that he kept Renko on the case to force Osborne to pay a larger bribe to smuggle out the sables. He offers to cut Renko in, but Renko reveals that he has recorded their conversation. Iamskoy wrestles Renko for his gun, which goes off and kills Iamskoy.
Osborne flees to Stockholm. The KGB allows Renko to travel to supervise an exchange. He is to receive the sables from Osborne and kill them and Osborne. Renko meets Osborne at his apartment and finds Asanova there. She confesses that she fled to Osborne, who has included her freedom in the deal, and promises Renko that his freedom can also be included. She reveals that Osborne is planning a double cross as he has 12 sables, not just six. Renko meets with Kirwill and they predict that, following the exchange, the KGB will kill Asanova, Renko and Osborne. Kirwill agrees to be at the exchange to help Renko and Asanova.
The next morning, Renko and three KGB agents meet Osborne at a farm. They come across Kirwills body tied to a tree with his intestines hanging out. Osborne announces that he gutted Kirwill after Kirwill killed his dogs. Osborne produces six dead sables and asks the men to lower their weapons. Renko realizes that neither side will let the other live. When Osborne shoots a KGB agent, Renko grabs Asanova and runs for the woods. KGB Major Pribluda then kills the other KGB agent before Osborne kills Pribluda.
Osborne tries to shoot Renko, who finds live sables in cages. Asanova emerges from the woods and Osborne threatens to kill her if Renko does not surrender. When Renko emerges to give up, Asanova shoots Osborne. Renko, too, shoots Osborne before Asanova kills Osborne. She asks Renko to go away with her, but Renko reveals he agreed to kill Osborne in return for her safety and freedom from the Soviet Union, and that they would both be killed if Renko did not return. Renko returns to his job in Moscow.
Renko ends up freeing the sables, which run off into the woods as Asanovas voice repeats Renkos promise that they will meet again one day.
Gorky Park was filmed in Helsinki and Stockholm, as the crew were denied access to Moscow. The Kaisaniemi public park in the Helsinki centre was set as the Gorky amusement park.
3. Critical reception
According to the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, 75% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 24 reviews, with an average rating of 6.53/10. Janet Maslin called it "a taut, clever thriller throughout, with Mr. Apteds direction establishing its intensity immediately and sustaining it well. Ralf G. Bodes cinematography and James Horners score go a long way toward setting a hauntingly bleak mood, and the supporting players, particularly Brian Dennehy and Ian Bannen, are excellent". Though she found it odd that Hurt would affect an English accent, she found his performance "rivetingly strange".
Roger Ebert found the depiction of Soviet society to be the most interesting aspect of the film, and he credited Apteds direction for never letting the procedural lag. Ebert also praised the casting, even if it relied on typecasting an actor like Marvin. "He uses actors who are able to bring fully realized characters to the screen, so we dont have to stand around waiting for introductions".
Gorky Park was released to DVD by MGM Home Video on April 1, 2003 as a Region 1 widescreen DVD and to Blu-ray Disc by Kino Lorber under license from MGM on October 21, 2014.
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