ⓘ M

                                     

ⓘ M

The letter M is derived from the Phoenician Mem, via the Greek Mu Μ, μ. Semitic Mem is most likely derived from a "Proto-Sinaitic" Bronze Age adoption of the "water" ideogram in Egyptian writing. The Egyptian sign had the acrophonic value /n, from the Egyptian word for "water", nt ; the adoption as the Semitic letter for /m/ was presumably also on acrophonic grounds, from the Semitic word for "water", *māy-.

                                     

1. Use in writing systems

The letter ⟨m⟩ represents the bilabial nasal consonant sound).

In Washo, lower-case ⟨m⟩ represents a typical em sound, while upper-case ⟨M⟩ represents a voiceless em sound.

                                     

2. Other uses

  • Unit prefix M mega, meaning one million times, and m milli meaning one-thousandth.
  • In typography, an em dash is a punctuation symbol whose width is equal to that of a capital letter M.
  • M James Bond is a fictional character in Ian Flemings James Bond book and film series
  • The Roman numeral Ⅿ represents the number 1000, though it was not used in Roman times. There is, however, scant evidence that the letter was later introduced in the early centuries A.D. by the Romans.
  • m is the standard abbreviation for metre or meter in the International System of Units SI. However, m is also used as an abbreviation for mile.
  • M often represents male or masculine, especially in conjunction with F for female or feminine.
  • With money amounts, m means one million: $5m is five million dollars.
                                     

3.1. Related characters Descendants and related characters in the Latin alphabet

  • M with diacritics: ḿ m M̃ m̃ ᵯ
  • U+1D5A ᵚ MODIFIER LETTER SMALL TURNED M
  • U+1D39 ᴹ MODIFIER LETTER CAPITAL M
  • Ɱ: Capital M with hook
  • U+1D0D ᴍ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL M
  • U+1D50 ᵐ MODIFIER LETTER SMALL M
  • IPA-specific symbols related to M: ɱ ɰ
  • U+1D1F ᴟ LATIN SMALL LETTER SIDEWAYS TURNED M
  • Uralic Phonetic Alphabet-specific symbols related to M
  • U+A7FA ꟺ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL TURNED M
  • U+2098 ₘ LATIN SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER M
  • Some symbols related to M were used by the Uralic Phonetic Alphabet prior to its formal standardization in 1902
  • ꟽ: Inverted M was used in ancient Roman texts to stand for mulier woman
  • ꟿ: Archaic M was used in ancient Roman texts to abbreviate the personal name Manius A regular capital M was used for the more common personal name Marcus
  • Ɯ ɯ: Turned M
  • The Teuthonista phonetic transcription system uses U+AB3A ꬺ LATIN SMALL LETTER M WITH CROSSED-TAIL
  • ℳ: currency symbol for Mark
  • Other variations used for phonetic transcription: ᶆ ᶬ ᶭ


                                     

3.2. Related characters Ancestors and siblings in other alphabets

  • : Semitic letter Mem, from which the following symbols originally derive
  • Ⲙ ⲙ: Coptic letter Me, which derives from Greek Mu
  • М м: Cyrillic letter Em, also derived from Mu
  • Μ μ: Greek letter Mu, from which M derives
  • : Old Italic M, which derives from Greek Mu, and is the ancestor of modern Latin M
  • ᛗ: Runic letter Mannaz, which derives from old Italic M
  • : Gothic letter manna, which derives from Greek Mu