ⓘ Acid erosion

                                     

ⓘ Acid erosion

Acid erosion is a type of tooth wear. It is defined as the irreversible loss of tooth structure due to chemical dissolution by acids not of bacterial origin. Dental erosion is the most common chronic disease of children ages 5–17, although it is only relatively recently that it has been recognised as a dental health problem. There is generally widespread ignorance of the damaging effects of acid erosion, this is particularly the case with erosion due to fruit juices, because they tend to be seen as healthy. Acid erosion begins initially in the enamel, causing it to become thin, and can progress into dentin, giving the tooth a dull yellow appearance and leading to dentin hypersensitivity.

The most common cause of erosion from acidic foods and beverages. In General, foods and beverages with pH below 5.0–5.7 have been known to trigger dental erosion effects. Numerous clinical and laboratory reports link erosion to excessive consumption of drinks. Those who were considered dangerous soft drinks, alcohol and fruit drinks, fruit juices such as orange juice, which contain citric acid and carbonated beverages such as coke, in which carbon dioxide is not the cause of erosion, but citric and phosphoric acid. In addition, wine has been shown that destroy the teeth, with the pH of wine is at least 3.0–3.8. Other possible sources of erosive acids are from exposure to chlorinated pool water, and regurgitation of gastric juice. In children with chronic diseases, use of drugs with components of acid is also a risk factor. Dental erosion is also recorded in the fossil record and are probably caused by eating sour fruits or plants.

                                     
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  • acid. Extrinsic erosion is due to a highly acidic diet, while intrinsic erosion is caused by regurgitation of gastric acids Erosion softens the dental