ⓘ Zapadnaya Litsa River

                                     

ⓘ Zapadnaya Litsa River

Zapadnaya Litsa River is a river in the north of the Kola Peninsula in Murmansk Oblast, Russia. It is 107 km in length. The area of its basin is 1.190 km². The Zapadnaya Litsa River originates on the Kuchintundra and flows into the Barents Sea. Its biggest tributary is the Lebyazhka River.

From 1941 to 1944, the Litsa River formed the Arctic frontline between German and Finnish troops west of the river – trying to capture Murmansk – and Soviet troops on the east, defending the city. This frontier was of vital importance for both sides, as Murmansk was the only Soviet harbour left in Europe and the northern route to Murmansk and Arkhangelsk supplied the Soviet Union with approximately 25% of all lend-lease aid. During the stalemate that lasted four years, thousands perished in the tundras on both sides of the river. At the time the Litsa valley was called Death Valley Долина смерти, Dolina smerti by the Soviets; though later the expression Valley of Honor Долина славы, Dolina slavy became fashionable. The defense of Murmansk succeeded; the Germans never reached the city and the supply lines were not seriously interrupted, although the Germans bombed Murmansk to rubble from occupied Norway. See also: Operation Silver Fox and Operation Platinum Fox. The remains of the WW II fighting can be visited with some specialised travel agencies.

                                     
  • Zapadnaya Litsa may refer to: Zapadnaya Litsa naval base a naval base for the Russian Northern Fleet Zapadnaya Litsa River a river in Murmansk Oblast
  • Zapadnaya Litsa Russian: Западная Лица, English: Western Face is a naval base of the Russian Navy, part of the Russian Northern Fleet, located in Murmansk
  • Valley of Glory Долина Славы is a valley on the right bank of the Zapadnaya Litsa River A bloody battle began in the summer of 1941 for the region as German
  • covered the landing of troops on the western side of the mouth of the Zapadnaya Litsa River on 14 July during Operation Platinum Fox, the German attempt to
  • Rifle Division had broken through defense of its opponent on the Zapadnaya Litsa River near the Lake Chapr area. On 13 October 1944 the division joined
  • Adventure. On 24 October, the ship bombarded German positions near the Zapadnaya Litsa River with 114 shells from her 130 mm guns. On 29 October, she collided
  • invaders were turned back from the approaches to Murmansk at the Zapadnaya Litsa River in July 1941. In front of the monument is a platform of natural
  • on the eastern bank of the River By October 1941 the front line was stabilized at the bend of the Zapadnaya Litsa River On 22 Oct 1941 Wehrmacht on
  • minelayer HMS Adventure. Grozny bombarded German positions near the Zapadnaya Litsa River on 24 October with 114 shells from her 130 mm guns and followed
  • covered the landing of troops on the western side of the mouth of the Zapadnaya Litsa River on 14 July during Operation Platinum Fox, the German attempt to
  • campaign providing fire support for Soviet troops defending the Zapadnaya Litsa River and the Rybachy Peninsula. But things were much quieter for most