ⓘ Česká televize


ⓘ Česka televize

Česka televize is a public television broadcaster in the Czech Republic, broadcasting six channels. It is the successor to Czechoslovak Television, founded in 1953.


1.1. History Czech Television

Czech Television was established 1 January 1992 as a successor to Czechoslovak Television. It is based on Czech Television Act No. 483/1991 Coll. as a television service for the citizens of the Czech Republic.

On 1 January 1993, a new concept of channels broadcast by Czech Television was introduced, which were renamed to ČT1 formerly ČTV, ČT2 formerly F1, and ČT3 formerly OK3. On 3 February 1994, Czech Television freed one of the nationwide broadcast channels in accordance with the law; starting February 4, 1994 Czech Television was left with two channels, ČT1 and ČT2.

In 2005 news channel ČT24 and the following year ČT Sport were launched. In 2013, the broadcaster added two new channels, ČT:D childrens and ČT art arts/culture.


1.2. History Czech TV Crisis

The "Czech TV crisis" occurred at the end of 2000 and lasted until early 2001 as a battle for control of the airwaves, which included jamming and accusations of censorship. During the Czech TV crisis, Czech TV reporters organized an industrial dispute by staging a sit-in and occupying the news studio and rejected attempts by Jana Bobosikova to fire them. They were supported in their protest by politicians such as the then President Vaclav Havel and by Czech celebrities, but every time they tried to air their news broadcasts, Bobosikova and Jiei Hodac would jam the transmission either with a "technical fault" screen reading: "An unauthorized signal has entered this transmitter. Broadcasting will resume in a few minutes", or with their own news broadcasts featuring Jana Bobosikova and a team she had hired to "replace" the staff members she had sought to terminate.

The Czech TV crisis eventually ended in early 2001, following the departure from Czech TV of Hodac and Bobosikova, under pressure by the street demonstration participants and at the request of the Czech Parliament, which had held an emergency session due to the crisis.


2. Funding and management

Česka televize is funded through television licence fees larger part of revenue and from advertising where it is less successful than commercial television stations. During 2004 and 2005 the organisation lobbied the Czech government to increase the licence fee so that advertising could be eliminated.

Media occasionally raise questions about how much Česka televize is able to withstand pressure both from the governing parties and the opposition and maintain unbiased and critical coverage of politics. Most criticism are from left-wing and nationalist parties and groups. In long struggle with ČT is also president of Czech Republic, Milos Zeman, who on last occasion unofficially suggest to create possibility for citizens who disagree with ČT, can pay compulsory television licence fee for charitable and social programs. Because of biased anti-Zeman and anti-leftist stances, some left-wing legislators Jaroslav Foldyna and others said they will vote against annual report of ČT until all financial connections of ČT will be revealed. In 2013 was publicly revealed information about incomes and salaries of ČT official Karel Burian, director of Brno ČT who earned in first half of 2011 nearly 2 million CZK about 80.000 USD, which is much more than Czech Republic top politicians, including more than prime minister or president of Czech Republic.

The current General Manager of Česka televize is Petr Dvoeak, who was elected for a six-year term by the Czech Television Council Rada Česke televize.

  • Slovenskej republike PDF in Slovak 2014. p. 42. Retrieved 16 April 2019. Ceska Televize Prehistorie Česka Televize Retrieved 21 August 2014.
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