ⓘ List of federally recognized tribes by state

                                     

ⓘ List of federally recognized tribes by state

Federally recognized tribes are those Native American tribes recognized by the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs for certain federal government purposes. For an alphabetical listing, see list of federally recognized tribes.

                                     

1. Description

In the United States, the Native American tribe is a fundamental unit of sovereign tribal government, and the constitution grants to the U.S. Congress the right to interact with tribes. More specifically, the Supreme Court of the United States in United States v. Sandoval 231 US. 28 warned, "it is not. that Congress may bring a community or body of people within range of this power by arbitrarily calling them an Indian tribe, but only that in respect of distinctly Indian communities the questions whether, to what extent, and for what time they shall be recognized and dealt with as dependent tribes" at 46. Federal tribal recognition grants to tribes the right to self-government, as well as certain benefits. The recognition process is largely controlled by the United States federal agency the Bureau of Indian Affairs, in consultation with federally recognized tribes.

In January 2015 the United States Federal Register issued an official list of 566 tribes that are Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs. The number of tribes increased to 567 in July 2015 with the federal recognition of the Pamunkey tribe in Virginia.USA.gov, the federal governments official web portal, maintains a list of tribal governments which is constantly updated. Ancillary information present in former versions of this list but no longer contained in the current listing have been included here in italics print.

In 2018, six more Virginia-based tribes were added to the list, bringing the total to 573. Of these, 231 are located in Alaska.

                                     

2. Arizona

Multiple states:

  • Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona
  • Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah
  • Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico
  • Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada
  • Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California
                                     

3. California

Multiple states:

  • Stewart Community
  • Carson Colony
  • Dresslerville Colony
  • Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona
  • Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada
  • Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California
  • Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California
  • Woodfords Community
  • Washoe Ranches
                                     

4. Colorado

  • Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado

Multiple states:

  • Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah
                                     

5. Florida

  • Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida
  • Big Cypress Reservation
  • Brighton Reservation
  • Dania Reservation
  • Seminole Tribe of Florida
  • Tampa Reservation
  • Hollywood Reservation
                                     

6. Idaho

  • Kootenai Tribe of Idaho
  • Coeur DAlene Tribe of the Coeur DAlene Reservation, Idaho
  • Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation of Idaho
  • Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho

Multiple states:

  • Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Idaho and Nevada


                                     

7. Kansas

  • Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas
  • Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation, Kansas formerly the Prairie Band of Potawatomi Indians

Multiple states:

  • Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
  • Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska
                                     

8. Minnesota

  • White Earth Band
  • Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota Six component reservations
  • Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
  • Grand Portage Band
  • Mille Lacs Band
  • Leech Lake Band
  • Bois Forte Band Nett Lake
  • Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
  • Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota
  • Upper Sioux Community, Minnesota
  • Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota

Multiple states:

  • Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
  • Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin also in Minnesota formerly the Wisconsin Winnebago Tribe
  • Fond du Lac Band also in Wisconsin
                                     

9. Nebraska

  • Ponca Tribe of Nebraska
  • Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska formerly the Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska
  • Omaha Tribe of Nebraska
  • Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska

Multiple states:

  • Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
  • Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska
                                     

10. Nevada

Multiple states:

  • Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California
  • Carson Colony
  • Dresslerville Colony
  • Stewart Community
  • Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Nevada and Utah
  • Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Idaho and Nevada
  • Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada
  • Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon
  • Woodfords Community
  • Washoe Ranches
                                     

11. New Mexico

Multiple states:

  • Fort Sill Apache Tribe
  • Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah
  • Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah
                                     

12. North Dakota

  • Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota
  • Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota

Multiple states:

  • Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota
  • Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota also in Montana and South Dakota


                                     

13. South Dakota

Multiple states:

  • Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota
  • Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota also in Montana and South Dakota
                                     

14. Texas

  • Alabama-Coushatta Tribes of Texas
  • Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo of Texas
  • Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas formerly the Texas Band of Traditional Kickapoo
                                     

15. Utah

  • Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah
  • Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation of Utah Washakie
  • Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes
  • Koosharem Band of Paiutes
  • Kanosh Band of Paiutes
  • Shivwits Band of Paiutes
  • Cedar City Band of Paiutes
  • Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah
  • Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, Utah

Multiple states:

  • Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah
  • Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Nevada and Utah
  • Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah
                                     

16. Wisconsin

Multiple states:

  • Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin also in Minnesota formerly the Wisconsin Winnebago Tribe
  • Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
  • Fond du Lac Band also in Wisconsin