ⓘ Madame Sans-Gêne (opera)

                                     

ⓘ Madame Sans-Gêne (opera)

Madame Sans-Gêne is an opera in three acts by Umberto Giordano. The libretto was taken from Victorien Sardou and Emile Moreaus play, adapted for the opera by Renato Simoni.

                                     

1. Performance history

Its premiere took place at the Metropolitan Opera on 25 January 1915, conducted by Arturo Toscanini with Geraldine Farrar in the title role, Giovanni Martinelli, and Pasquale Amato. This was followed by a performance in Turin under Ettore Panizza with Farneti, Grassi and Riccardo Stracciari on 28 February 1915.

                                     

2.1. Synopsis Act 1

Paris. 10 August 1792, the day of the capture of the Tuileries during the French Revolution

There is a squabble in the laundry of Caterina Hubscher, a beautiful Alsacian girl, a very free and easy-mannered woman whom everyone calls "Madame Sans-Gêne" Madame Carefree. One of her customers is Fouche later Minister of Police under Napoleon, whom Caterina dislikes; another, a quiet young officer who lives nearby, is Napoleon himself. As Caterina is about to close her laundry, a wounded Austrian officer arrives and asks for her help, Caterina hides him in her room. The officer turns out to be the Count of Neipperg. Sergeant Lefebvre, Caterinas fiance, arrives with more soldiers and is suspicious when he sees the doors closed. He discovers Neipperg but tells his men that there is no one in the room, and to leave. Once alone with Caterina, he helps her to assist the Count.

                                     

2.2. Synopsis Act 2

The castle of Compiegne. September 1811

Napoleon is at the height of his career. Lefebvre has distinguished himself in many battles, and has become a Marshal of France. For his success in the siege of Danzig, Napoleon has made him Duke of Danzig. Caterina, the former laundress, his wife of many years, and now a duchess, but her demeanor has not changed and causes scandals in court. The Emperor orders Lefebvre to divorce Caterina and find a more suitable wife. Lefebvre and Caterina are desperate and also worried about their friend Neipperg, who is suspected by the Emperor of an affair with the Empress Marie-Louise. During a reception, Caterina makes a series of gaffes and gets into a fight with the Emperors sisters, and the butler announces that the Emperor wishes to see her.

                                     

2.3. Synopsis Act 3

Napoleon orders Caterina to divorce her husband and to retire from a life that is not suitable for her. Caterina, however, reminisces about the days when she was a laundress, and he only a young officer, and he is moved even though she also reminds him that he still owes her 60 francs for washing. Then Count Neipperg is caught entering the Empresss chambers. Napoleon is furious. He degrades Neipperg from an officer to a common soldier, and orders his immediate execution. Caterina intervenes: she reveals that Neipperg is innocent and he is forgiven. To the astonishment of everyone, the Duchess of Danzig appears in the salon on the arm of the Emperor, to engage in a hunt.

                                     
  • in: Madame Sans - Gêne play an 1893 play by Victorien Sardou and Emile Moreau Madame Sans - Gêne opera a 1915 opera by Umberto Giordano Madame Sans - Gêne
  • Madame Sans - Gêne is a historical comedy - drama by Victorien Sardou and Emile Moreau, concerning incidents in the life of Catherine Hubscher, an outspoken
  • Madame Sans - Gêne is a 1961 Spanish - Italian - French film co - production, filmed in Eastmancolor and Technirama, and distributed in the U.S. by Embassy Pictures
  • 19th - century operas such as La Tosca 1887 on which Giacomo Puccini s opera Tosca 1900 is based, and Fedora 1882 and Madame Sans - Gêne 1893 that
  • Puccini s La fanciulla del West 1910 De Brigole in Umberto Giordano s Madame Sans - Gêne 1915 and Pinellino in Puccini s Gianni Schicchi 1919 He retired
  • in Mozart s The Magic Flute, and the Neipperg in Umberto Giordano s Madame Sans - Gêne In 1931 he moved to Cuba, where he taught music for many years. Dominici
  • in Leo Delibes s Lakme, Principessa Elisa in Umberto Giordano s opera Madame Sans - Gêne and, notably, Musetta in Puccini s La boheme opposite Beniamino
  • Metropolitan Opera 10 December 1910 Didier in Madeleine Victor Herbert Metropolitan Opera 24 January 1914 Fouche in Madame Sans - Gêne Umberto Giordano
  • Giacomo Puccini s, La fanciulla del West 1910 Umberto Giordano s Madame Sans - Gêne 1915 Charles Wakefield Cadman s Shanewis 1918 Puccini s Il tabarro
  • comic opera in three acts, set in Paris, with music by Ivan Caryll and a book and lyrics by Henry Hamilton, based on the play Madame Sans - Gêne by Victorien
  • Louis XVI Jean Schultheis: Antoine Fouquier - Tinville Elisabeth Vigna: Madame Sans - Gêne Systeme Crapoutchick: La Noblesse, La Terreur There are two versions
  • mariano 17 March 1910, Teatro Massimo, Palermo Madame Sans - Gêne 25 January 1915, Metropolitan Opera New York Giove a Pompei 6 July 1921, Teatro La