ⓘ Il giuramento

                                     

ⓘ Il giuramento

Il giuramento is an opera in three acts by the Italian composer Saverio Mercadante. The libretto, by Gaetano Rossi, is based on Victor Hugos play Angelo, Tyrant of Padua.

The opera was first performed at La Scala, Milan on 11 March 1837 and was "quickly taken up by other theatres throughout Italy". Within a year, it was staged in Vienna April 1838 and later appeared in many European cities including London June 1840 and Paris 1858 and in New York February 1848.

has been noted by Colleen Fay, there were aspects of this work which moved Italian opera in a new direction:

Its taut dramatic structure and vivid musical scene-painting set it apart from the operas of his day.Not only do we hear in its music a reliable Italian lyricism, but also the early moves away from ornamentation for its own sake. Mercadante uses the orchestra not as a pale accompaniment to dramatic action, but as a full partner in the drama.
                                     

1. Performance history

19th century

After the mid-19th century the opera dropped in popularity and by 1900 it had "virtually disappeared". It has been noted that, before 1900, the opera received 400 performances and Mercadantes La vestale 150 performances compared to the combined total of approximately 90 performances for Verdis Giovanna dArco, Don Carlo in all its versions, and Aroldo.

20th century and beyond

Occasional performances have been given in modern times, beginning with revivals in the 1950s. The opera was presented at the Festival dei Due Mondi in Spoleto in June 1970 with Thomas Schippers conducting. German conductor Gerd Albrecht gave a concert performance in Berlin in 1974 and three further performances in 1979, one of which was recorded. It was also given at the Festival della Valle dItria in Martina Franca, Italy in the summer of 1984, conducted by Bruno Campanella; this too was recorded and made available on CD. There were four staged performances given by the Angers-Nantes Opera in France in November 1993, conducted by Giuliano Carella. It was also performed at the Wexford Festival Opera in December 2002 under Paolo Arrivabeni. The Washington Concert Opera in the US capital presented a concert version in May 2009 with Antony Walker conducting.

                                     

2. Synopsis

Setting: Syracuse Time: 14th century

Act 1

Bianca has been married against her will to Count Manfredo, although she is secretly in love with an unknown knight. Elaisa, a young woman in search of the daughter of her benefactor, and Viscardo arrive in the city. The disgraced courtier Brunoro discovers that Viscardo is the knight loved by Bianca. He tells Elaisa in order to make her jealous but she finds out that Bianca was the very woman she had been looking for.

Act 2

The count suspects Bianca of infidelity and locks her in the family tomb, intending to poison her. But Elaisa, who is loved by the count, manages to substitute a strong narcotic for the poison.

Act 3

Viscardo believes that Elaisa is responsible for Biancas death and stabs her just as Bianca wakes from her deep sleep.

                                     
  • in Italy, with the title Il giuramento The oath, Liberodiscrivere, 2001 followed by Mery principessa albina 2005 and Il canto del Djali The Song
  • after 1831 he composed some of his most important works. These included Il giuramento which was premiered at La Scala in November 1837. One striking and innovative
  • She appeared in Naples in a notable revival of Saverio Mercadante s Il giuramento in 1955. She sang a wide range of roles, including: Marguerite, Manon
  • Donizetti s Maria Stuarda 1835 Saverio Mercadante s Il giuramento 1837 Mercadante s Il bravo 1839 Giuseppe Verdi s Oberto 1839 Verdi s Un
  • The play has been adapted into a number of different works including: Il giuramento an 1837 opera composed by Saverio Mercadante Fosca opera an 1874
  • revolution begun in his previous opera, Il giuramento I have continued the revolution I began in Il giuramento varied forms, cabalettas banished, crescendos
  • She can be heard on recordings in Spontini s La vestale, Mercadante s Il giuramento and the aforementioned Verdi s Oberto, I Lombardi, I due Foscari, and
  • faith. He does this with the issue of civil servants pledge see Il Giuramento and Il Trenta Gennajo above at the back of his mind. 1839 - Breve Cenno
  • 1860 1870, Florence, Galleria di arte moderna, Palazzo Pitti and Il giuramento di Pontida 1884, Siena, Palazzo Pubblico Between 1884 and 1886 he
  • mercato and Un miniatore in Cantina exhibited in 1884 at Turin and Il giuramento di Pontida The Oath of Pontida, 1851 He studied at the Brera Academy