ⓘ 1877 in music

                                     

ⓘ 1877 in music

  • November 21 – Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph in the United States.
  • Ludwig Thuille and Richard Strauss meet as students at Innsbruck. They become lifelong friends.
  • July 18 July 6 O.S. – Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky marries Antonina Milyukova in Moscow. After 6 weeks, the couple separate permanently.
  • December 30 – The premiere of Brahms Symphony No. 2 is given in Vienna by the Vienna Philharmonic under the direction of Hans Richter.
  • May 7–29 – Wagner Festival at the Royal Albert Hall in London. Richard Wagner conducts some of his own works and Hans Richter makes his British conducting debut.
  • March 4 February 20 O.S. – The premiere of the ballet Swan Lake "Лебединое озеро", Lebedinoye ozero with score by Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow. It is not well received at this performance although remains in the repertory.
  • April 30 – French poet Charles Cros describes a method of recording sound, the Paleophone.
                                     

1. Published popular music

  • "Early In De Mornin" w.m. Will Hays
  • "Chopsticks" m. Arthur de Lulli
  • "Phelim OToole" by Harry Banks
  • "Little Daisys Request" by Arabella M. Root
  • "Time Was When Love And I Were Well Acquainted" w. W. S. Gilbert m. Arthur Sullivan
  • "Abdul Abulbul Amir" w.m. Percy French
  • "In The Gloaming" w. Meta Orred m. Annie Fortescue Harrison Words 1874
  • "Dear Old Pals" w.m. G. W. Hunt
  • "Captain Cuff" w.m. G. W. Hunt
  • "My Name Is John Wellington Wells" w. W. S. Gilbert m. Arthur Sullivan
  • "The Lost Chord" w. Adelaide Anne Procter m. Sir Arthur Sullivan Words 1858
                                     

2. Classical music

  • Josef Rheinberger – Violin Sonata No. 2, Op. 105 in E minor
  • Leon Minkus – La Bayadere ballet
  • Camille Saint-Saens – La Jeunesse dHercule, Six Etudes for piano including En forme de valse
  • Felix Draeseke – Fata Morgana, Op. 13
  • Johannes Brahms – Symphony No. 2, Op. 73 in D
  • Franz Liszt – Les Jeux deaux à la Villa dEste for piano.
  • Antonin Dvoeak – String Quartet No. 9, Op. 34 in D minor
  • Joachim Raff – Violin Concerto No. 2, Op. 206 in A minor
  • Robert Fuchs – Violin Sonata No. 1, Op. 20 in F ♯ minor
  • Karl Goldmark – Violin Concerto No. 1, Op. 28 in A minor
  • Anton Bruckner – Symphony No. 3 in D minor Novak edition
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky – Swan Lake ballet
                                     

3. Opera

  • Emmanuel Chabrier – Letoile
  • Camille Saint-Saens – Samson et Dalila
  • Peter Heise – Monarch and Constable
  • Charles Villiers Stanford – The Veiled Prophet of Khorossan
  • Jules Massenet – Le roi de Lahore
                                     

4. Musical theater

  • Orpheus in the Underworld by Jacques Offenbach, London revival
  • The Sorcerer, Gilbert & Sullivan London production opened at the Opera Comique on November 17 and ran for 175 performances
  • The Chimes of Normandy, adapted from Les Cloches de Corneville, Broadway production opened at the Fifth Avenue Theatre on October 22 and ran for 16 performances
  • Le Grand Mogol, Marseilles production
  • Les Cloches de Corneville by Robert Planquette, Paris production opened at the Folies-Dramatique on April 19 and ran for 408 performances
                                     

5. Births

  • July 14 – Agnes Nicholls, operatic soprano d. 1959
  • June 8 – Thorvald Aagaard, Danish composer d. 1937
  • July 24 – Percy Scholes, English musicologist d. 1958
  • September 15 – Daisy Wood, music hall singer d. 1961
  • September 6 – Buddy Bolden, ragtime musician d. 1931
  • January 12 – Maude Nugent, songwriter d. 1958
  • October 24 – Ernst Mielck, Finnish composer d. 1899
  • September 7 – Petar Stojanovic, violinist and composer d. 1957)
  • November 21 – Sigfrid Karg-Elert, German composer d. 1933
  • May 25 – Billy Murray, singer d. 1954
  • July 27 – Erno Dohnanyi, Hungarian composer, conductor and pianist d. 1960
  • February 16 – Sergei Bortkiewicz, Russian composer and pianist d. 1952
  • July 17 – Edward Madden, American lyricist d. 1952
                                     

6. Deaths

  • April 26 – Louise Bertin, composer and poet b. 1805
  • June 13 – Cesare Ciardi, flautist and composer b. 1818
  • September 12 – Julius Rietz, German cellist, composer and teacher, editor of an edition of Mendelssohns complete works b. 1812
  • June 29 – Clorinda Corradi, operatic contralto b. 1804
  • April 7 – Errico Petrella, opera composer b. 1813
  • January 18 – George Tolhurst, composer b. 1827
  • June 3 – Ludwig Ritter von Kochel, cataloguer of the works of Mozart b. 1800
  • October 3 – Therese Tietjens, operatic soprano b. 1831
  • March 23 – Caroline Unger, operatic contralto b. 1803
  • August 5 – Luigi Legnani, guitarist and composer b. 1790
  • January 1 – Julie Berwald, opera singer, member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music.