ⓘ Cranial nerve disease

                                     

ⓘ Cranial nerve disease

Cranial nerve disease is an impaired functioning of one of the twelve cranial nerves. Although it could theoretically be considered a mononeuropathy, it is not considered as such under MeSH.

Perhaps more than one violation of one of the cranial nerves occurs at the same time, if the injury occurs in a place where many cranial nerves run together, such as the jugular fossa. The brainstem can also lead to dysfunction of several cranial nerves, but this condition probably will also be accompanied by distal motor impairment.

Neurological examination can check the functioning of the individual cranial nerves and identify specific violations.

                                     
  • cranial nerves, which are described with Roman numerals I XII. Some considered there to be thirteen pairs of cranial nerves, including cranial nerve zero
  • The optic nerve also known as cranial nerve II, or simply as CN II, is a paired cranial nerve that transmits visual information from the retina to the
  • The olfactory nerve is typically considered the first cranial nerve or simply CN I, that contains sensory nerve fibers relating to the sense of smell
  • accessory nerve is a cranial nerve that supplies the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles. It is considered as the eleventh of twelve pairs of cranial nerves
  • The trochlear nerve also called the fourth cranial nerve or CN IV, is a motor nerve a somatic efferent nerve that innervates only a single muscle: the
  • The vagus nerve historically cited as the pneumogastric nerve is the tenth cranial nerve or CN X, and interfaces with the parasympathetic control of
  • The oculomotor nerve is the third cranial nerve CN III It enters the orbit via the superior orbital fissure and innervates extrinsic eye muscles that
  • The abducens nerve or abducent nerve is the sixth cranial nerve CNVI in humans, that controls the movement of the lateral rectus muscle, responsible
  • The hypoglossal nerve is the twelfth cranial nerve and innervates all the extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tongue, except for the palatoglossus