ⓘ Category:Consonants


In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract. Examples are, which have air flowing through the nose. Contrasting with consonants are vowels. Since the number of possible sounds in all of the worlds languages is much greater than the number of letters in any one alphabet, linguists have devised systems such as the International Phonetic Alphabet IPA to assign a unique and unambiguous symbol to each attested consonant. In fact, the English alphabet has fewer consonant letters than English has consonant sounds ...

Geers' law

Geers law is a phonological rule for Akkadian language according to which two different emphatic consonants cannot occur in one Akkadian word. It is named after Frederick Geers who discovered it in 1945. The law usually pertains to inherited Proto-Semitic roots whose emphatics were usually dissimilated. Compare: Proto-Semitic *ktn > Akkadian katānu "to be thin" Proto-Semitic *ksr > Akkadian kasāru "to bind" Proto-Semitic *ŝyk> Akkadian siāku "to be narrow" Proto-Semitic *ŝbt > Akkadian sabātu "to seize" Such dissimilation is more likely if the emphatics were glottalized. It a ...

Homorganic consonant

In phonetics, a homorganic consonant organ") is a consonant sound articulated in the same place of articulation as another. For example, are homorganic consonants of each other as they share the place of articulation of bilabial. Consonants not articulated in the same place are called heterorganic.

Labial approximant

Labio-velar approximant, a consonant sound written as ⟨ w ⟩ in the International Phonetic Alphabet Labio-velar consonant Labial consonant Voiceless labio-velar approximant, a consonant sound written as ⟨ ʍ ⟩ in the International Phonetic Alphabet Bilabial approximant, a consonant sound written as ⟨ β̞ ⟩ in the International Phonetic Alphabet Bilabial consonant Labiodental consonant Labiodental approximant, a consonant sound written as ⟨ ʋ ⟩ in the International Phonetic Alphabet Labialized consonant Labialized palatal approximant, a consonant sound written as ⟨ ɥ ⟩ in the International Pho ...

Syllabic consonant

A syllabic consonant or vocalic consonant is a consonant that forms a syllable on its own, like the m, n and l in the English words rhythm, button and bottle, or is the nucleus of a syllable, like the r sound in the American pronunciation of work. To represent it, the understroke diacritic in the International Phonetic Alphabet is used, ⟨ U+0329  ̩ COMBINING VERTICAL LINE BELOW ⟩. It may be instead represented by an overstroke, ⟨ U+030D  ̍ COMBINING VERTICAL LINE ABOVE ⟩ if the symbol that it modifies has a descender, such as in. Syllabic consonants in most languages are sonorants, such as ...


ⓘ Consonants

  • semivowels, and aphōna, mute or silent consonants unvoiced which correspond to stops, not voiceless consonants This description does not apply to some
  • sometimes described as true retroflex consonants However, retroflexes are commonly taken to include other consonants having a similar place of articulation
  • Co - articulated consonants or complex consonants are consonants produced with two simultaneous places of articulation. They may be divided into two classes:
  • phonemic velar consonants Several Khoisan languages have limited numbers or distributions of pulmonic velar consonants Their click consonants are articulated
  • Coronal consonants are consonants articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue. Among places of articulation, only the coronal consonants can be
  • radical consonant may be used as a cover term, or the term guttural consonants may be used instead. In many languages, pharyngeal consonants trigger advancement
  • In phonetics, labiodentals are consonants articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth. The labiodental consonants identified by the International
  • of coronal consonants Thus, velarized consonants such as Albanian ɫ tend to be dental or denti - alveolar, and non - velarized consonants tend to be
  • sockets of the superior teeth. Alveolar consonants may be articulated with the tip of the tongue the apical consonants as in English, or with the flat of
  • Voiced consonants are seldom actually aspirated. Symbols for voiced consonants followed by ʰ such as bʰ typically represent consonants with murmured
  • Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate the middle part of the roof of the mouth Consonants
  • In phonetics, palato - alveolar or palatoalveolar consonants are postalveolar consonants nearly always sibilants, that are weakly palatalized with a domed