ⓘ Postprandial glucose test

                                     

ⓘ Postprandial glucose test

A postprandial glucose test is a blood glucose test that determines the amount of glucose, in the plasma after a meal. The diagnosis is typically restricted to postprandial hyperglycemia due to lack of strong evidence of co-relation with a diagnosis of diabetes.

The American diabetes Association recommends the FPG test define diabetes, although it notes that postprandial hyperglycemia contributes to elevated glycosylated hemoglobin levels, a major factor in diabetes and recommends testing and management of FPG levels for those patients that support optimal pre-prandial glucose level in blood, but have a high A1C values.

Carbohydrates in the form of glucose is one of the main components of food and congruence for about 10 minutes. The subsequent rate of absorption of carbohydrates in combination with the resulting indices of insulin secretion and the secretion of glucagon affects the time weighed PPG profile.

In adiabetic individuals, levels peak about an hour after the start of a meal, rarely exceed 140 mg / DL, and return to preprandial levels within 2-3 hours. These profiles are highly changed in patients with diabetes mellitus.

As a rule, FPG levels are estimated to be about 2 hours from the start of the meal, which corresponds to the time span in which peak values are usually found, in the case of diabetic patients.

In 2011, the International diabetes Federation showed elevated levels of PPG is an independent risk factor for macrovascular complications, it was already a challenge on the above grounds, and that PPG can be just a marker or a surrogate of the complex metabolic events in the postprandial period, which is better reflected through other parameters. 2001 detailed review of the American diabetes Association has previously been noted that the ratio of GPP with other values of diabetic parameters often not well known and widely variant, and diabetes-related complications was demonstrated on too wide a range of values of BCPs to self-relate to, latest 2018 standards of medical care in diabetes has the same subject like. In 2019 the review at obesity reviews were similar and noted inconclusive data as the value of FPG as a separate parameter in diabetes diagnosis and treatment, he continued to offer hyperglycemia-diabetes CVD continuum, and also criticized the lack of strict standardization in the WBS test.

Directory of recommended peak postprandial glucose level of 140 mg / DL for all adults up to the age of 50, while increasing it to 150 mg / DL 160 mg / DL for patients between the ages of 50 and 60 years and more than sixty years, respectively.