ⓘ Outline of Iran

                                     

ⓘ List of articles related to Iranian history

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iran:

Iran – sovereign country located in Southwest Asia and the Middle East. Iran is bound by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf to the south and the Caspian Sea to its north. Shia Islam is the official religion, and Persian is the official language. The 18th largest country in the world in terms of area at 1.648.195 square kilometres 636.372 sq mi, Iran has a population of over seventy million. Iran is home to one of the worlds oldest continuous major civilizations, with historical and urban settlements dating back to 4000 BC. Throughout history, Iran has been of geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and is a regional power. The political system of Iran, based on the 1979 Constitution, comprises several intricately connected governing bodies. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader, currently Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

                                     

1. General reference

  • Common endonyms
  • 17th most populous country
  • Common English country name: Iran, archaic Persia
  • Pronunciation
  • Official English country name: The Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Official endonyms
  • International rankings of Iran
  • Demonyms
  • Etymology: Name of Iran
  • Adjectivals: Iranian
  • 18th largest country
  • Internet country code top-level domain.ir
  • ISO region codes: See ISO 3166-2:IR
  • ISO country codes: IR, IRN, 364
                                     

2. Geography of Iran

Geography of Iran

  • Iran is: a country
  • Northern Hemisphere and Eastern Hemisphere
  • Eurasia
  • Location
  • Asia
  • Southwest Asia
  • Middle East
  • Iranian plateau
  • Armenian highlands
  • High: Damavand 5.610 m 18.406 ft
  • Extreme points of Iran
  • Low: Caspian Sea −28 m −92 ft
  • Time zone: Iran Standard Time UTC+03:30, Iran Daylight Time UTC+04:30
  • Caucasus partly
  • Land boundaries: 5.440 km
Iraq 1.458 km Turkmenistan 992 km Afghanistan 936 km Pakistan 909 km Azerbaijan 611 km Turkey 499 km Armenia 35 km
  • Coastline: 2.440 km
  • Area of Iran: 1.648.195 km 2 636.372 sq mi - 18th largest country
  • Atlas of Iran
  • Population of Iran: 79.966.230 people 2017 estimate - 18th most populous country
                                     

2.1. Geography of Iran Environment of Iran

Environment of Iran

  • Geology of Iran
  • Environmental issues in Iran
  • Climate of Iran
  • List of earthquakes in Iran
  • Renewable energy in Iran
  • Protected areas of Iran
  • Biosphere reserves in Iran
  • National parks of Iran
  • Mammals of Iran
  • Wildlife of Iran
  • Birds of Iran
  • Fauna of Iran
                                     

2.2. Geography of Iran Administrative divisions of Iran

Administrative divisions of Iran

  • Provinces of Iran
  • Municipalities of Iran
  • Counties of Iran
                                     

2.3. Geography of Iran Municipalities of Iran

Municipalities of Iran

  • Cities of Iran
  • Capital of Iran: Tehran
                                     

3. Government and politics of Iran

Politics of Iran

  • Capital of Iran: Tehran
  • Elections in Iran
  • Form of government: Islamic republic
  • Political parties in Iran
  • Taxation in Iran

Judicial branch of the government of Iran

Judicial system of Iran

  • Supreme Court of Iran
  • Special Clerical Court - for trying Muslim clerics, and accountable only to the Supreme Leader

Foreign relations of Iran

Foreign relations of Iran

  • Diplomatic missions in Iran
  • Iran-Arab relations
  • Diplomatic missions of Iran

International organization membership

International organization membership of Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran is a member of:

Local government in Iran

Local government in Iran

  • City and Village Councils of Iran


                                     

3.1. Government and politics of Iran Executive branch of the government of Iran

  • Supervises the Supreme Leader in the performance of legal duties
  • Elects the Supreme Leader
  • Assembly of Experts
  • Has the constitutional authority to remove the Supreme Leader from power at any time
  • Vice President and Head of Management and Planning Organization, Mohammad Bagher Nobakht
  • First Vice President, Eshaq Jahangiri
  • Head of state: Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei
  • Vice President and Head of Foundation of Martyrs and Veterans Affairs, Mohammad-Ali Shahidi
  • Vice President and Head of Environmental Protection Organization, Masoumeh Ebtekar
  • Vice President for Parliamentary Affairs, Majid Ansari
  • Vice President for Legal Affairs, Elham Aminzadeh
  • Vice President for Science and Technology and Head of Irans National Elites Foundation, Sorena Sattari
  • Vice President of Iran - anyone appointed by the President to lead an organization related to Presidential affairs. There are currently 10 Vice Presidents in Iran
  • Vice President and Head of Cultural Heritage, Handcrafts and Tourism Organization, Mohammad-Ali Najafi
  • Vice President for Executive Affairs, Mohammad Shariatmadari
  • Head of government: President of Iran, Hassan Rouhani
  • Vice President for Women and Family Affairs, Shahindokht Molaverdi
  • Vice President and Head of Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi
  • Vice President for International Affairs, Akbar Torkan
  • Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance, Ali Tayebnia
  • Ministry of Agricultural, Mahmoud Hojjati
  • Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Mahmoud Vaezi
  • Ministry of Transportation and Housing, Abbas Ahmad Akhoundi
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mohammad Javad Zarif
  • Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Mahmoud Goudarzi
  • Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance, Ali Jannati
  • Ministry of Energy, Hamid Chitchian
  • Minister of Science, Research, and Technology, Reza Faraji Dana
  • Ministry of Industries and Business, Mohammadreza Nematzadeh
  • Ministry of Intelligence and National Security, Mahmoud Alavi
  • Ministry of Petroleum, Bijan Namdar Zanganeh
  • Ministry of Interior, Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli
  • Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics, Hossein Dehghan
  • Ministry of Justice Iran, Mostafa Pour Mohammadi
  • Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, Ali Rabei
  • Ministry of Education, Ali Asghar Fani
  • Minister of Health and Medical Education, Hassan Hashemi
  • Council of Ministers of Iran
  • Minister of Cooperatives, Mohammad Abbasi


                                     

3.2. Government and politics of Iran Legislative branch of the government of Iran

  • ratifies international treaties
  • drafts legislation
  • Majlis of Iran unicameral parliament
  • approves the national budget
  • Guardian Council
  • 12 members
  • 6 appointed by the Supreme Leader
  • 6 elected by the Majlis
  • Powers and responsibilities
  • Reviews all bills passed by the Majlis for constitutionality and compatibility with Islamic law, and approves or vetos them
  • Approves or rejects candidates for President, Majlis, and the Assembly of Experts
  • Supervises elections
  • Also serves as an advisory board to the Supreme Leader
  • Expediency Discernment Council
  • Main purpose is to mediate disputes between the Majlis and the Council of Guardians
  • Appointed by Supreme Leader
                                     

3.3. Government and politics of Iran Foreign relations of Iran

Foreign relations of Iran

  • Diplomatic missions in Iran
  • Iran-Arab relations
  • Diplomatic missions of Iran
                                     

3.4. Government and politics of Iran International organization membership

International organization membership of Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran is a member of:

                                     

3.5. Government and politics of Iran Law and order in Iran

Law of Iran

  • Human rights in Iran 1925–1979
  • Human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran 1979–present
  • Constitution of Iran
  • Freedom of religion in Iran
  • Crime in Iran
  • LGBT rights in Iran
  • Human rights in the Imperial State of Iran 1925–1979
  • Capital punishment in Iran
  • Law enforcement in Iran
                                     

3.6. Government and politics of Iran Military of Iran

Military of Iran

  • Command
  • Commander-in-chief: Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei
  • Ministry of Defence of Iran
  • Forces Iran has two armies
  • Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
  • Air Force of Iran
  • Aerospace Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
  • Quds Force Special Forces
  • Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
  • Defense industry of Iran
  • Army of Iran
  • Ground Forces of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
  • Navy of Iran
  • Basij Resistance Force paramilitary force. Compare with National Guard
  • Military history of Iran
  • Military ranks of Iran
  • Iran and weapons of mass destruction


                                     

3.7. Government and politics of Iran Local government in Iran

Local government in Iran

  • City and Village Councils of Iran
                                     

4. History of Iran

History of Iran

  • Timeline of the history of Iran
  • Current events of Iran
  • Iran–Iraq War
  • Iran hostage crisis
  • History of fundamentalist Islam in Iran
  • Military history of Iran
  • Timeline of the Iranian Islamic revolution
  • Chahar-Ai-Ne Persian چهاﺮآﻳنه
  • Plated mail
                                     

4.1. History of Iran Pre-Islam Iranian history

  • Kura-Araxes culture
  • Neo-Assyrian Empire
  • Archaeological sites in Iran
  • Indo-Iranians
  • Kingdom of Pontus
  • Iran naming convention
  • Tappeh Sialk
  • Parthian Empire
  • Urartu
  • Aratti theory
  • Mannaeans
  • Jiroft culture
  • Aratta
  • Elam
  • Palaeolithic Era in Iran
  • List of ancient Persians
  • Atropatene
  • Kassites
  • Akkadian Empire
  • List of kings of Persia
  • Arsacid Dynasty of Caucasian Albania
  • Arsacid dynasty of Iberia
  • Shahr-i Sokhta
  • Parthia
  • Arran Caucasus
  • Arsacid dynasty of Armenia
  • Neo-Babylonian Empire
  • Aryan
  • Achaemenid Empire
  • Median Empire
  • Greco-Persian Wars
  • Persian war elephants
  • Parthian Empire
  • Roman-Parthian Wars
  • Seleucid Empire
  • Persian Armenia
  • Sassanid Empire
  • Byzantine-Sassanid Wars
  • Asorestan


                                     

4.2. History of Iran Post-Islam Iranian history

  • Kara Koyunlu
  • Treaty of Gulistan
  • Treaty of Turkmenchay
  • Treaty of Zuhab
  • Qajar dynasty
  • Islamic Conquest of Iran
  • Russo-Persian Wars
  • Islamicization in Iran
  • Safavids
  • Sallarids
  • Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907
  • Ottoman-Persian Wars
  • Ak Koyunlu
  • Treaty of Akhal
                                     

4.3. History of Iran Pahlavi and contemporary history of Iran

  • Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran
  • United States support for Iraq during the Iran–Iraq war
  • Iran–Iraq War
  • Persian Corridor
  • List of Prime Ministers of Iran
  • 1988 Massacre of Iranian Prisoners
  • Human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran 1979–present
  • White Revolution
  • Human rights in the Imperial State of Iran 1925–1979
  • Ahvaz Bombings
  • Persian Constitutional Revolution
  • United States support for Iran during the Iran–Iraq war
  • Constitutionalist movement of Gilan
                                     

4.4. History of Iran History of Iran, by subject

  • University of Chicagos Persian heritage crisis
  • Iranian continent
  • Islamic Cultural Revolution
  • Iranian peoples
  • Military history of Iran
  • Prime Minister of Iran
  • Persianization
  • Islam in Iran
  • History of science in Persia
  • Iranian Azerbaijan
  • Persian mythology
  • Iranology
  • Iranian Kurdistan
  • Kayanian dynasty
  • Islamicization in Iran
  • Turko-Persian tradition
                                     

5. Culture of Iran

Culture of Iran

  • Coat of arms of Iran
  • Museums in Iran
  • Architecture of Iran
  • Festivals in Iran
  • Languages of Iran
  • Cuisine of Iran
  • National anthem of Iran
  • Ethnic minorities in Iran
  • Flag of Iran
  • Media in Iran
  • National symbols of Iran
  • Public holidays in Iran
  • Hinduism in Iran
  • Buddhism in Iran
  • Religion in Iran
  • Prostitution in Iran
  • Christianity in Iran
  • Records of Iran
  • People of Iran
  • History of the Jews in Iran
  • Islam in Iran
  • List of World Heritage Sites in Iran

Art in Iran

  • Art in Iran
  • Iranian musical instruments
  • Literature of Iran
  • Cinema of Iran
  • Music of Iran
  • Iranian theatre
  • Television in Iran


                                     

6. Economy and infrastructure of Iran

Economy of Iran

  • Economic rank, by nominal GDP 2007: 29th twenty-ninth
  • Agriculture in Iran
  • National Bank of Iran
  • Banking in Iran
  • Internet in Iran
  • Communications in Iran
  • Currency of Iran: Rial
  • Companies of Iran
  • ISO 4217: IRR
  • Tehran Stock Exchange
  • Energy policy of Iran
  • Economic history of Iran
  • Mining in Iran
  • Tourism in Iran
  • Rail transport in Iran
  • Health care in Iran
  • Industry of Iran
  • Petroleum industry in Iran
  • Transport in Iran
  • Airports in Iran
  • Roads in Iran
  • Water supply and sanitation in Iran
  • Urban plans in Iran
                                     
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