ⓘ Ā

                                     

ⓘ Ā

Ā, lowercase ā, is a grapheme, a Latin A with a macron, used in several orthographies. Ā is used to denote a long A. Examples are the Baltic languages, Polynesian languages, some romanizations of Japanese, Persian, Pashto, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic and Arabic, and some Latin texts. In Romanised Mandarin Chinese it is used to represent A spoken with a level high tone. It has also been accepted in IPA in 2018. It is used in some orthography-based transcriptions of English to represent the diphthong.

In Old Malay, Ā represents mid central vowel.

In the International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration, Ā represents the open back unrounded vowel, आ, not to be confused with the similar Devanagari character for the mid central vowel, अ.

In the languages other than Sanskrit, Ā is sorted with other As and is not considered a separate letter. The macron is only considered when sorting words that are otherwise identical. For example, in Māori, tāu meaning your comes after tau meaning year, but before taumata hill.