ⓘ Bulgarian National Television


ⓘ Bulgarian National Television

The Bulgarian National Television or BNT is the public broadcaster of Bulgaria. The company was founded in 1959 and began broadcasting on December 26 of the same year. It began broadcasting in color in 1970. BNTs headquarters are located in Sofia, Bulgaria, in a building located at the well-known address of 29 San Stefano Str.

BNTs first live broadcast was the parade on the occasion of the October Revolution anniversary. BNT is funded from government funds around 60% with the rest coming from television commercials. It broadcasts two television channels: the over-the-air BNT 1 and the international BNT 4, a channel aiming to broadcast Bulgarian production only. Another channel, Efir 2, existed between 1974 and 2000, and was later substituted by the private bTV. The channel was relaunched on October 2011 as BNT 2

BNT operates four regional broadcasting centres, based in Blagoevgrad Pirin programme, Varna More programme, Plovdiv programme and Rousse Sever programme. They were merged to create the BNT 2 channel in October 2011.

After Bulgaria started official DVB-T transmissions on March 1, 2013, BNT got its own multiplex, which is available nationally and is operated by First Digital Ltd. The multiplex includes BNT 1 and BNT 2. The first new channel to be included to the multiplex is the new HDTV channel BNT 3.


1. History

The first broadcast of the first Bulgarian television was in 1959. The archive had recorders, photos and movies which were for the public in the end of the 1950s and beginning of 60s. Since 1964 BNT began broadcasting news and movies in monochrome to serve the rising number of viewers in Bulgaria.

Since 1975 the first video programs in the 2 inch format were made. In 1977 a fond about the broadcasting and movies from the program was created. In 1983 recorders with one-inch tape were made. The end of the 2 inch era was in 1984.

The year 1991 is very important for the Bulgarian National Television. All records started to be recorded on computer and digitized for better quality that is available in a variety of other formats. In 1992, a gold fond about all archives was created with 2.000 photos and 33.000 information objects.