ⓘ Brilliance Auto

Brilliance H530

The Brilliance H530 sedan is a mid-size sedan produced by Brilliance Auto positioned above the Brilliance H330 compact sedan. The Brilliance 530 concept debuted at the 2011 Shanghai Auto Show in April 2011, while the production version, renamed to Brilliance H530 was officially listed on the Chinese market later on 29 August 2011. Pricing ranges from 79.800 yuan to 125.800 yuan.

Brilliance V5

The Brilliance V5 is a compact CUV produced by Brilliance Auto under the Zhonghua brand. The Brilliance V5 was unveiled on the 2011 Guangzhou Auto Show in China with prices ranging from 109.800 to 165.800 yuan.


ⓘ Brilliance Auto

Brilliance Auto Group is a Chinese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Shenyang. Its products include automobiles, microvans, and automotive components. Its principal activity is the design, development, manufacture and sale of passenger cars sold under the Brilliance brand.

Brilliance Auto Group holds a 42.48% shareholding in the Bermuda-incorporated Brilliance China Automotive Holdings Limited, which is listed on the Frankfurt and Hong Kong stock exchanges. Brilliance China Automotive Holdings in turn holds 50% of BMW Brilliance, a joint venture with BMW which produces, distributes and sells BMW passenger cars in mainland China. Brilliance China Automotive Holdings also holds 60.9% of Shenyang Brilliance JinBei Automobile Co., Ltd., which designs, develops, manufactures and sells minibuses sold under the Jinbei brand.

In 2010, Brilliance Auto Group and its subsidiaries had an annual production capacity of 800.000 vehicles although capacity additions may have come on-line since. In 2012, the company manufactured almost 650.000 vehicles, the 8th-largest production of any Chinese vehicle maker that year. Roughly 70% of production was consumer sedans.


1. History

The origins of Brilliance Auto Group can be traced to a state-owned auto factory which, under Yang Rong, became a leading Chinese maker of minibuses between 1991, the year Yang invested in the company, and 2002, when he fled into exile.

In 2003, BMW and Brilliance signed a deal for the production of BMW-branded sedans in China. Its models are, alongside FAW Group Audis and Beijing Benz Mercedes Benzes, some of the only Western luxury cars to have gained popularity in the Chinese market.

Alongside many Chinese automakers looking to enter the US market, Brilliance postponed such plans in 2008 but has briefly sold cars in Europe. Sales in several European countries stopped in 2010.

Brilliance divested itself of the loss-making Zhonghua branch on December 31, 2009, to its ultimate shareholder Huachen Automotive Group Holdings Company Limited, which continues to sell the vehicles Zhonghua makes.

In 2009, the company was the eighth-largest automaker in China. That year it sold over 150.000 passenger cars and nearly 80.000 minibuses.

In 2010, Brilliance was one of the top ten most-productive carmakers in China coming in ninth and selling a half million units.

It produced 523.500 whole vehicles in 2011, ranking eighth among Chinese vehicle makers in terms of production volume.


2.1. Products Current products

  • Brilliance V3 1.5 litre
  • Brilliance H320 1.5 litre
  • Brilliance V7
  • Brilliance V6
  • Brilliance H230 1.5 litre
  • Brilliance H3
  • Brilliance H530 1.5 and 1.6 litre
  • Brilliance V5 1.5 and 1.6 litre
  • Brilliance H330 1.5 litre
  • Brilliance H220 1.5 litre

2.2. Products Discontinued models

  • Brilliance Tun Dolphin
  • Brilliance BS2
  • Brilliance FRV 1.6 1.8 and 2.0 litre
  • Brilliance FRV Cross 1.5 and 1.6 litre
  • Brilliance FSV 1.5 and 1.6 litre
  • Brilliance M1 Zunchi 1.8 and 2.0 litre
  • Brilliance M3 Kubao 1.8 litre
  • Brilliance M2 Junjie 1.8 and 2.0 litre

2.3. Products Jinbei Products

Shenyang Brilliance JinBei Automobile currently sells the following products under the Jinbei marque:

  • Granse 2.0, 2.4 and 2.7 litre
  • S50 2.0 and 2.4 litre
  • Haise long wheelbase 2.4 litre
  • Haise 2.0, 2.4 and 2.7 litre
  • S30 1.5 litre

2.4. Products Brilliance Shineray

Brilliance Shineray is a joint venture between Brilliance Automotive and Shineray Motorcycle Company, one of China’s largest motorcycle producers. Brilliance Shineray bought the Italian motorcycle brand, SWM motorcycles, and started an automotive brand with the SWM nameplate. SWM now makes a range of crossovers and compact MPVs.

  • SWM G01
  • SWM X7
  • SWM X3

3. Operations


While the company also manufactures gasoline engines and other automotive components, automobile manufacture is performed by the indirectly held subsidiaries Shenyang Brilliance JinBei Automobile Co Ltd and BMW Brilliance Automotive Co Ltd of which Brilliance has 33% and 50% ownership respectively. As of June 2011, the company may actually have far less than 33% ownership of Shenyang Jinbei Automotive Co Ltd SSE: 600609.

Production bases and facilities

BMW-branded autos are made at a production base in the Northeastern Chinese city of Shenyang completed in 2004, and ongoing construction may see this base increase its production capacity to 200.000 units/year by 2012.

An engine-making production base may be located in Mianyang, Sichuan province.


4.1. Joint ventures and alliances BMW Brilliance

In 2003, BMW and Brilliance agreed to make select products of this German luxury carmaker in China. As of 2010, the joint venture makes the BMW 3 Series and BMW 5 Series and had plans to introduce the BMW X1 by 2012. As of 2011, locally produced engines were slated to appear in some offerings soon, and the company had plans to bring up total production capacity to 300.000 by 2013.

These vehicles may differ slightly from those sold in other markets under the same names. As of mid-2010 almost 60% of the components used to manufacture the China-built BMWs were imported to China.


4.2. Joint ventures and alliances Toyota

Brilliance has made microvans with Toyota technology since the early 1990s, but the two do not have a fully fledged joint venture. Their partnership has been described as "licensing arrangements and alliances."


4.3. Joint ventures and alliances SAIPA

In 2015, Brilliance announced it had started joint production with SAIPA of Iran, to produce the H300 and H200 models, under the local brand name of Saipa.


5. Sales

A total of 188.143 Brilliance marque vehicles were sold in China in 2013, making it the 25th largest-selling car brand in the country in that year and the 10th largest-selling Chinese brand.

European exports

In 2007, Brilliances BS6 sedan performed poorly in a crash test conducted by Germanys ADAC, receiving only one out of five possible stars in the Euro NCAP rating. Brilliance then redesigned the car, changing at least sixty components, and it saw a three-star performance in a crash test performed by Spains Idiada. However, the price also rose considerably, and the importer HSO Motors went bankrupt in November 2009. Brilliance then tried to go it alone, but with high pricing and considerable market reluctance after the well-publicized crash test failures, exports to Europe were ended in April 2010 with no immediate plans for resumption.