ⓘ Penicillium bilaiae

                                     

ⓘ Penicillium bilaiae

Penicillium bilaiae is a species of native soil fungus that can be used as a PGPM. R. Kucey first identified that organic acids excreted by the microorganism can solubilize soil-bound phosphate. The organism can live in symbiosis with several plant species by enhancing phosphate uptake by the root structure while feeding off plant waste products. Native soil populations are often low and can be increased by application as an agricultural inoculant.

The species name bilaiae is a transliteration of Ukrainian scientist Professor Vera Bilai for whom it was named in 1950 for Chalabuda T. V., Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine. Alternative spellings published in the literature are bilaji or bilaii.