ⓘ Old World


ⓘ Old World

The term Old World is used commonly in the West to refer to Africa, Asia and Europe, regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the "New World".


1. Etymology

In the context of archaeology and world history, the term "Old World" includes those parts of the world which were in indirect cultural contact from the Bronze Age onwards, resulting in the parallel development of the early civilizations, mostly in the temperate zone between roughly the 45th and 25th parallels, in the area of the Mediterranean, Mesopotamia, Persian plateau, Indian subcontinent and China.

These regions were connected via the Silk Road trade route, and they have a pronounced Iron Age period following the Bronze Age. In cultural terms, the Iron Age was accompanied by the so-called Axial Age, referring to cultural, philosophical and religious developments eventually leading to the emergence of the historical Western Hellenism, "classical", Near Eastern Zoroastrian and Abrahamic and Far Eastern cultural spheres.


2. History

The concept of the three continents in the Old World, viz. Asia, Africa, and Europe, goes back to classical antiquity. Their boundaries as defined by Ptolemy and other geographers of antiquity were drawn along the Nile and Don rivers. This definition remained influential throughout the Middle Ages see T and O map and the Early Modern period.


3. Other names

The mainland of Afro-Eurasia has been referred to as the World Island ". The term may have been coined by Sir Halford John Mackinder in The Geographical Pivot of History.

The equivalent of the Old World had names in some of its ancient cultures, including Midgard in Germanic cosmology and Oikoumene among the Greeks.

  • Old World orioles Oriolidae are an Old World family of passerine birds. The family Oriolidae comprises the piopios, figbirds, pitohuis and the Old World
  • Old World monkey is the common English name for a family of primates known taxonomically as the Cercopithecidae. Twenty - four genera and 138 species are
  • Old World vultures are vultures that are found in the Old World i.e. the continents of Europe, Asia and Africa, and which belong to the family Accipitridae
  • Old World wine refers primarily to wine made in Europe but can also include other regions of the Mediterranean basin with long histories of winemaking
  • The Old World flycatchers are a large family, the Muscicapidae, of small passerine birds mostly restricted to the Old World Europe, Africa and Asia
  • Old World ROM computers are the Macintosh Mac models that use a Macintosh Toolbox read - only memory ROM chip, usually in a socket but soldered to
  • Old World sparrows are a family of small passerine birds. They are also known as true sparrows, names also used for a particular genus of the family
  • Old World quail is a collective name for several genera of mid - sized birds in the pheasant family Phasianidae. New World quail are also found in the Galliformes
  • The Old World porcupines, or Hystricidae, are large terrestrial rodents, distinguished by the spiny covering from which they take their name. They range
  • Old World warblers are a large group of birds formerly grouped together in the bird family Sylviidae. The family held over 400 species in over 70 genera
  • The Old World babblers or Timaliidae are a family of mostly Old World passerine birds. They are rather diverse in size and coloration, but are characterised
  • Old World Underground, Where Are You Now? is the first studio album by Canadian indie rock band Metric. The album was released on September 2, 2003, on