Line A is a line on the Lyon Metro that runs between Perrache and Vaulx-en-Velin La Soie. It was constructed using the cut-and-cover method, and went into service on 2 May 1978. It, together with Line B, were the inaugural lines of the Lyon Metro. An extension of Line A from Laurent Bonnevay, Astroballe to Vaulx-en-Velin, La Soie opened in 2007. The line currently serves 14 stations, and is 9.2 kilometres long. Line A trains run on tires rather than steel wheels; it is a rubber-tired metro line.
Line B is a line on the Lyon Metro that runs between Charpennes and Gare dOullins. It was constructed using the cut-and-cover method, and went into service on 2 May 1978. Together with Line A, it was one of the inaugural lines of the Lyon Metro. It has since been extended three times: from Part-Dieu to Jean Mace in 1981, from Jean Mace to Stade de Gerland in 2000, and from Stade de Gerland to Oullins railway station in 2013. The line serves 10 stations, and is 7.7 kilometres long. Line B trains run on tires rather than steel wheels; it is a rubber-tired metro line.
Line C of the Lyon Metro is the modern incarnation of the Funiculaire Croix-Rousse - Croix-Paquet, an old cable-hauled railway operating on part of the current alignment. In 1891, the original funicular line was opened, running between its namesake stations. After surviving the closure of the nearby funiculaire Rue Terme - Croix-Rousse in 1967, this line closed in 1972 for refurbishment and conversion to rack railway technology, reopening for service in 1974 four years before lines A and B opened. When it was integrated with the metro as Lyon Metro Line C in 1978, the lines southern end wa ...
Line D is a rapid transit line on the Lyon Metro. It runs east-west underneath the two major rivers of Lyon, connecting Vieux Lyon with the Presquile and the Part-Dieu region. Line D commenced operation under human control on 4 September 1991, between Gorge-de-Loup and Grange-Blanche. It was extended to Gare de Venissieux on 11 December 1992, when it switched to automatic operation, also known as MAGGALY. On 28 April 1997, the line was extended again to Gare de Vaise. Being the deepest of the lines in Lyon, it was constructed mainly using boring machines and passes under both rivers, the R ...
ⓘ Lyon Metro
The Lyon Metro is a rapid transit system serving Lyon Metropolis, France. First opened in 1974, it currently consists of four lines, serving 40 stations and comprising 32.0 kilometres of route. Part of the Transports en Commun Lyonnais system of public transport, it is supported by two funiculars and a tramway network.
Unlike other French metro systems, but like the SNCF and RER, Lyon Metro trains run on the left. This is the result of an unrealised project to run the metro into the suburbs on existing railway lines. The loading gauge for all lines is 2.90 m 9 ft 6.2 in, more generous than the average for metros in Europe. The Lyon Metro owes its inspiration to the Montreal Metro which was built a few years prior, and has similar narrower rubber-wheel cars. Daily weekday ridership was 740.000 in 2011.
1.1. Routes Lines A and B
Line A Perrache - Laurent Bonnevay Astroballe) and Line B Charpennes - Part-Dieu were constructed by cut-and-cover and went into service on May 2, 1978, as the inaugural lines of the Lyon Metro. Trains on both lines run on rubber tyres rather than steel wheels.
Line B was extended to Jean Mace on September 9, 1981, to Gerland on September 4, 2000 and to Gare dOullins on 11 December 2013.
An extension to Vaulx-en-Velin La Soie on Line A opened in October 2007.
By 2020, Line B will be automated, with the same system as Line D. New MPL 16 rolling stock has been ordered to Alstom in 2016 for Line B. The MPL 75 trains currently used on Line B will join the other MPL 75s on Line A to increase the capacity.
1.2. Routes Line C
The Croix-Rousse-Croix-Paquet rack railway, which was refurbished in 1974, was integrated into the Metro in 1978 as Line C, with an extension to Hotel-de-Ville thus running from Hotel-de-Ville to Croix-Rousse. It was extended to Cuire on December 8, 1984.
The line was constructed using various methods; the incline rising through a deep tunnel, the portion on the flat at Croix-Rousse using cut-and-cover while the section beyond Henon runs on the surface. The Croix Paquet station claims to be the steepest metro station in Europe, with an incline of 17%.
Line C uses an overhead wire while Lines A, B and D use a third rail.
1.3. Routes Line D
Line D, the first fully automatic metro line in France, started with operators on board trains on September 4, 1991, between Gorge de Loup and Grange Blanche. The line was extended to Gare de Venissieux on December 11, 1992, when it switched to driverless operation. On April 28, 1997, it was extended again to Gare de Vaise.
Using rubber tyres like lines A and B, trains on line D are controlled by a system known as MAGGALY Metro Automatique à Grand Gabarit de l’Agglomeration Lyonnaise. Unusually for a driverless metro, no platform screen doors are installed on station platforms. The trains use infrared sensors to detect obstructions on the track. Other systems using this technology include the Nuremberg U-Bahn and Budapest Metros Line 4.
The deepest line in Lyon, Line D was constructed partly using boring machines and passes under both rivers, the Rhone and the Saone. At 12.5 kilometres 7.8 mi long with 15 stations, it is also the longest line in Lyon.
In 2016, new MPL 16 rolling stock was ordered from Alstom for Lines B and D and is expected to come into service on the line starting in 2020. These trains will increase the capacity of Line D and they will be coupled to form four-car units at rush hours and should replace the MPL 75 of line B which would be only on line A.
The Metro, like the rest of the local public transport system, is operated by Keolis Lyon ex-SLTC - the Societe lyonnaise de transports en commun Lyon public transport company), under the TCL brand - Transports en commun lyonnais Lyon public transport. It is operated on behalf of SYTRAL - the Syndicat mixte des transports pour le Rhone et lagglomeration lyonnaise Rhone department and Lyon metropolitan transport syndicate, a Syndicat Mixte.
3. Future expansion
Work is under way to extend Line B to a new terminus at Lyons southern hospital complex in Saint-Genis-Laval. The extension is due to enter service in 2023. New rolling stock, capable of operating as a single two-car trainset or two coupled trainsets for four-car operation, will be introduced and the line will be automated. Existing rolling stock used on Line B will be used to enhance capacity on Line A. Line D will also receive 10 new trainsets and its automatic control system will be upgraded.
A new line, dubbed Line E, is under consideration to link Lyons western suburbs to the city centre. Twelve variants were initially proposed; two options, running from either Bellecour or Hotel de Ville to Alaï, have been selected for further study and could potentially be opened by around 2030.