ⓘ History of Suffolk

                                     

ⓘ History of Suffolk

The county of Suffolk was formed from the south part of the kingdom of East Anglia which had been settled by the Angles in the latter half of the 5th century. The most important Anglo-Saxon settlements appear to have been made at Sudbury and Ipswich. Before the end of the Norman dynasty, strongholds had arisen at Eye, Clare, Walton and Framlingham. Probably the establishment of Suffolk as a separate shire was scarcely completed before the Conquest, and although it was reckoned as distinct from Norfolk in the Domesday Survey of 1086, the fiscal administration of Norfolk and Suffolk remained under a single sheriff until 1575. The boundary of the county has undergone very little change, though its area has been considerably affected by coast erosion. Parts of Gorleston and Thetford, which formerly belonged to the ancient county of Suffolk, are now within the administrative county of Norfolk, and other slight alterations of the administrative boundary have been made. Under the Local Government Act of 1888 Suffolk was divided into the two administrative counties of East and West Suffolk.

Suffolk suffered from the Danish invasion, and after the Treaty of Wedmore became part of Danish law. In 1173 the Earl of Leicester landed at Walton with an army of Flemings and was joined by Hugh Bigod against Henry II. In the year 1317 and in subsequent years a County was in the hands of Thomas of Lancaster. Queen Isabella and Mortimer having landed at Walton found all the district in their favor. In 1330 the County was raised to suppress the supporters of the Earl of Kent, and again in 1381 there was a serious growth of the peasantry, mainly in the area of Bury Saint Edmunds. Although the district was for the most part, the Yorkie is a little involved in the wars of the roses. In 1525 the artisans of the South strongly resisted Henry VIIIs forced loan. He was from Suffolk that Mary drew the army, which supported her claim to the throne. In civil wars the County was for the most part the MP, and joined the Association of the Eastern countries for defence against the Papists.