ⓘ Adrar Plateau


ⓘ Adrar Plateau

The Adrar is a highland natural and historical region of the Sahara Desert in northern Mauritania. The Adrar Region, an administrative division of Mauritania, is named after the traditional region. It is sometimes called Adrar Tamar to distinguish it from other areas called Adrar in the Sahara.


1. Geography

The Adrar is an arid plateau, known for its gorges, regs stony deserts sand dunes. Structurally the Adrar is a low central massif which rises to over 700 m 2.297 ft above sea level just east of Atar near the Amojjar Pass on the track to Chinguetti, then loses elevation and becomes subsumed by dunes to the south and east. Limited cultivation is only possible in the gorges at lower elevations such like oued Seguellil where the water table is high enough to support large palm groves.

Notable features include the Oued el Abiod or White Valley, a dune-filled fault line along which many small settlements and palm groves are found. The Guelb Aouelloul crater is 3.1 million-old impact crater which was studied by the noted Saharan scholar, Theodore Monod. To the east beyond Ouadane is the distinctive Richat Structure, an uplifted and then heavily eroded dome of strata approximately 40 km across and whose concentric rings resemble an impact crater when observed from space.

The Adrar region is home to a small human population, centered on the town of Atar. The ancient town of Ouadane, formerly an important caravan and gold-trading centre, is located towards the eastern edge of the Adrar. Chinguetti is another important historical town in the region.


2. History

The Adrar was settled in the Neolithic era as shown by cave and rock paintings found in the area such as the Agrour Amogjar. The more recent aridification has left much of the archaeology intact, most notable several stone circles, e.g. Atar Stone Circle, and the later town of Azougui.

Beginning in the mid-17th century, migrants from the Adrar Plateau region moved into the Tagant Plateau and displaced the native population.

  • Algeria Adrar n Jerjer, a mountain range of the Tell Atlas Adrar Plateau a natural and historical region of the Sahara in Mauritania Adrar Region, an
  • Adrar Arabic: ولاية آدرار is a large administrative region in Mauritania, named for the Adrar Plateau The capital is Atar. Other major towns include
  • mid - 17th century, migrants from the Adrar Plateau region moved in and displaced the native population of the Tagant Plateau The Tartega Gueltas oasis is one
  • 0 W 20.5 - 13.0 Amojjar Pass is a mountain pass in the Adrar Plateau in the centre of Adrar near Atar, Mauritania. The pink - brown sandstone of the pass
  • rocky plateau the Tademaït, lies to the east. Adrar was the site of one of the In Ekker series, French nuclear tests during the 1960s. Adrar has a hot
  • Mauritania s few tourists. It nestles in a gorge on the western edge of the Adrar plateau with the palm grove stretching a few hundred metres alongside a stream
  • in northwestern Mauritania, the capital of the Adrar Region and the main settlement on the Adrar Plateau It is home to an airport, a museum and a historic
  • Tit Arabic: ﺗﻴﺖ is a town and commune in Aoulef District, Adrar Province, south - central Algeria. According to the 2008 census it has a population of
  • the Adrar massif of the Tassili N Ajjer, a sandstone plateau to the northeast of the Hoggar Mountains The mountain forms a ridge on the plateau roughly
  • Zenaga confederation, who traditionally inhabited areas from Sous to Adrar Plateau During the Almoravid period, many Lamtunas emigrated northwards. Currently
  • Atlantic coast to Zouerat, and a transport interchange for access to the Adrar Plateau and the Mauritanian capital Nouakchott. The town stands on a spur of