ⓘ Amelanchier arborea


ⓘ Amelanchier arborea

Amelanchier arborea, is native to eastern North America from the Gulf Coast north to Thunder Bay in Ontario and Lake St. John in Quebec, and west to Texas and Minnesota.

Other common names are "shadberry" as their flowering coincides with the shad runs in New England, "Juneberries," because the berries, usually in June, and "service" or "Sarvice" berries, because the flowering means that the muddy roads in "the cave and shouts" Appalachia soon to be passible for circuit-riding preachers and communities will have a Sunday service again.

North American Arborea is usually high 16-39 5-12 m ft. Sometimes, it can grow up to 20 meters with a height of 66 feet and reach the top floor. The trunk can be up to 15 cm 6 in diameter, rarely up to 40 cm or 16 V. the Bark is smooth and gray.

Buds slender, with a pointed tip, and usually more than two scales visible. The leaves are ovate or elliptic, 4-8 cm 1 ⁄ 2 – 3 1 ⁄ 4 inches, rarely 10 cm 4 in length and 2.5–4 cm 1– 1 5 ⁄ 8 inch wide, with pointed tips and finely serrated edges. A useful characteristic for identification is that the young leaves appear pubescent below. Fall color varies from orange-yellow to pinkish or reddish.

It has perfect flowers 15-25 mm 5 ⁄ 8 -1 in diameter, with 5 petals that occur during Bud break in early spring. The petals are white. The flowers are produced in drooping racemes 3-5 cm 1 ⁄ 4 -2 long with 4-10 flowers on each raceme. The flowers are pollinated by bees. The fruit is a reddish-purple pome, resembling a small Apple in shape. They ripen in summer and are very popular with birds.

It is also often cross-breeds with other species of North American hybrid × grandiflora single North American example, and identification can be very difficult as a result.