SQL/XML or XML-Related Specifications is part 14 of the Structured Query Language specification. In addition to the traditional predefined SQL data types like NUMERIC, CHAR, TIMESTAMP. it introduces the predefined data type XML together with constructors, several routines, functions, and XML-to-SQL data type mappings to support manipulation and storage of XML in a SQL database.

  • SQL:2006-14, SQL:2008-14 and SQL:2011-14 expands the older versions and approaches to XQuery.
  • SQL:2003-14 defines the basic datatype, mappings, predicates and functions.

1. Specification

The specification defines the data type XML, functions for working with XML, including element construction, mapping data from relational tables, combining XML fragments, and embedding XQuery expressions in SQL statements. Functions which can be embedded include XMLQUERY which extracts XML or values from an XML field and XMLEXISTS which predicates whether an XQuery expression is matched.

Further information and examples of the SQL/XML functions are provided in the external links below.


2. Standard compliance

The result of Wagners objective evaluation of the SQL/XML:2006 standard compliance of Oracle 11g Release 1, MS SQL Server 2008 and MySQL 5.1.30 is shown in the following table, to which the data for PostgreSQL 9.1, and IBM DB2 has been added:

NOTE: only Oracle, IBM DB2 and MS-SQL-Server have been augmented with XQuery.