ⓘ History of Sussex


ⓘ History of West Sussex

Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe, is a historic county in South East England.

From fossil evidence from Boxgrove man Homo man Heidelberg shows that Sussex was inhabited for at least 500.000 years. It is considered the oldest human fossil ever discovered in the UK. Near Pulborough, tools were found that date to around 35.000 years ago and considered to be of the last Neanderthals in Northern Europe or pioneer populations of modern humans. On the South downs lies the Neolithic flint mines that date to around 4000BC, some of the earliest in Europe. The County is also rich in remains from the bronze age and the iron age. Before the Roman invasion it was occupied by the belgae tribe called the Atrebates. Togibubnus ruled much of Sussex, when the Roman conquest of Britain began and formed the majority of the Roman Canton Rainier.

The retreat of the Roman army in the 5th century facilitated the landing of the migrants from Germany and established the Kingdom of South Saxons, led by king Ælle, who is recorded as having held the power over the other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms and the first bretwalda, or ruler of Britain’. Under St. Wilfrid, Sussex was the last of the seven traditional kingdoms of the heptarchy go through Christianization. In the 8th century, the Kingdom was expanded to include the territory of the Haestingas. Around 827 after the battle of Ellandun, Sussex was annexed to the Kingdom of Wessex, Kingdom of, which with further development became the Kingdom of England.

In 1066, Norman forces arrived in Sussex, the heart of king Harold Godwinson. After defeating Harold at the battle of Hastings, William the Conqueror established a five or six semi-independent territories known as rape. South Saxon see was transferred from selsey Abbey to the new Cathedral in Chichester. The castles were built, many of the themes of sieges in the Middle ages. Sussex was of strategic importance on the most direct route between the Angevin lands in England and Normandy. A Sussex ports, including the Cinque ports, provided the ships for military use. The succession crisis in the Kingdom of France led to the hundred years war, in which Sussex was at the forefront. Followed the various revolts in the late middle ages, including the peasants revolt, the rebellion of Jack Cades rebellion, and the brothers Merfold.

Under Henry VIII the Church in England split from Roman Catholicism. Mary returned to England to Catholicism and in Sussex 41 Protestants were burned to death. Elizabeth intolerance continues on a smaller scale, how many Catholics in the County of Sussex died at this time. In the Elizabethan reign, Sussex was opened to the old Protestant forms practiced in the wasteland, as well as the new Protestant forms and from continental Europe, combined with a significant Catholic presence, of Sussex was in many respects not consistent with the rest of southern England. Sussex ran a large part has survived civil war, two sieges and one battle. As the industrial revolution, the Wealden iron industry collapsed. The growth of seaside resorts in the 18th century was particularly strong in Sussex. Sussex men played a significant role in the battle in the First world war the heads of the grunts in the wars of the end of the truce was agreed in the house of Danny. During the Second world war in the County was the base for the Dieppe RAID and D-Day landings. In 1974, the Lord-Lieutenant of Sussex was replaced with one on the East and West Sussex, which became a separate ceremonial County. In the 21st century in day County and the County flag was created for Sussex, and was created a national Park in the South downs.