ⓘ History of Derbyshire


ⓘ History of Derbyshire

The origins of Derbyshire

Derbyshire first mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon chronicle in 1048 in the manuscript D of the chronicle, known as the Northern recension”. Its creation is the result of the dismemberment of the Kingdom of Mercia province of the Peak district and the chronicle says, Under 1048:" her wæs EAC eordstyrung on Kalendas Maias on manegum stowum on Wygracestre participating in the WIC program on Deorby of Elles gehwær, the EAC wæs swide mysel mancwealm orfcwealm EAC þæt Wilde FYR on Deorbyscire micel yfel dyde gehwær of Elles.”.

Some older sources erroneously refer to the Charter from 926 to the ground in hope and Ashford as" in Derbyshire,” but the original Charter does not say, Derbyshire, he just said Hope and Ashford. On the other hand, late and final appearance of Mercia province of the Kingdom of the Peak district occurs in a Charter of king Edgar in 963, where land is at Ballidon Wirksworth is near. This Charter applies to the land as" in Pago Pecset” not "Deorbyscire".

Administrative changes of Mercia provinces is often attributed to king Edgar, and if that were the case, the statutes will reflect it, but Ballidon Charter of 963-no. Therefore, it is more likely that sheering Derbyshire and dismemberment Pecsaete took place after 975 during the reign of aethelred unready with the rest of the Peak district, being divided into Nottinghamshire two hundred, a hundred of Cheshire Staffordshire, the other seven forming Derbyshire.

Medieval and later Derbyshire

Derbyshire was traditionally divided into hundreds or Wapentakes later, namely appletree, high peak, Morleyston and Litchurch, Repton and Grisly, Scarsdale, Wirksworth hundred which was also known as Hamenstan HUNDRED at the beginning of its development. They were based on early seven hundreds recorded in the Domesday Book, with the merger of Repton and Grisly happen amongst the gradual changes in the hundred or Wapentake names.

Derbyshire was a separate part in North West Leicestershire, surrounding Measham and Donisthorpe. This ran regularization in 1844, and was incorporated into Leicestershire in 1888 when the County was organized tips. A thin strip between the exclave Leicestershire and Derbyshire, containing Overseal and Netherseal, now considered part of Derbyshire.

In addition, some parishes in the historic Derbyshire, including Dore, Norton and Totley, are now in the city of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, was in Scarsdale Wapentake.