ⓘ History of Cornwall

                                     

ⓘ History of Cornwall

The history of Cornwall goes back to the Paleolithic, but in this period Cornwall only had sporadic visits by groups of humans. Continuous occupation started around 10.000 years ago after the end of the last ice age. When recorded history started in the first century BCE, the spoken language was Common Brittonic, and that would develop into Southwestern Brittonic and then the Cornish language. Cornwall was part of the territory of the tribe of the Dumnonii that included modern-day Devon and parts of Somerset. After a period of Roman rule, Cornwall reverted to rule by independent Romano-British leaders and continued to have a close relationship with Brittany and Wales as well as southern Ireland, which neighboured across the Celtic Sea. After the collapse of Dumnonia, the remaining territory of Cornwall came into conflict with neighbouring Wessex.

By the mid-ninth century, Cornwall came under the control of Wessex, but it has retained its culture. In 1337 the title of Duke of Cornwall was created by the British monarchy, which held the kings eldest son and heir. Cornwall, together with the neighbouring County of Devon, well maintained tin the institutions that provided local control over its most important product of tin, but by the time of Henry VIII most of the remains of Cornwalls autonomy was removed in England is becoming more centralized state by the Tudor dynasty. Conflicts with the center since the Cornish rebellion of 1497 and the prayer book rebellion of 1549.

By the late 18th century, Cornwall was administered as an integral part of the United Kingdom along with the rest of England and the Cornish language went into a sharp decline. The industrial revolution brought a huge change in Cornwall and the adoption of Methodism among the population, making the territory a nonconformist. The decline of mining in Cornwall has led to mass emigration abroad and the Cornish Diaspora, as well as the beginning of the Celtic Revival and the revival of Cornish as a result of which at the beginning of Cornish nationalism in the late 20th century.

The website cornwalls early medieval history, particularly early Welsh and Breton mention the Cornish king named Arthur, featured such legendary works as Geoffrey of Monmouths Historia Regum Britanniae, to the Arthurian legends, the matter of Britain, see list of legendary rulers of Cornwall.