ⓘ History of Cheshire
The history of Cheshire can be traced back to the Hoxnian Interglacial, between 400.000 and 380.000 years BP. Primitive tools that date to that period have been found. Stone Age remains have been found showing more permanent habitation during the Neolithic period, and by the Iron Age the area is known to have been occupied by the Celtic Cornovii tribe and possibly the Deceangli.
The Romans occupied Cheshire for almost 400 years, from 70 ad, and founded a town and fortress on the site of Deva, now Chester. After the Romans left, Cheshire formed part of Mercia, the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom, which saw invasions from the Welsh and the Danes. The Norman conquest in 1070 saw Cheshire rigidly ruled by the invaders, and the locals resented the invaders and rebelled. War again swept the County during the English Civil war in 1642, despite attempts by local gentry to keep the County neutral.
The industrial revolution changes of the population in Cheshire as farm workers moved to the factories of Manchester and Lancashire. In the 18th and 19th centuries there was a revival in country houses of Cheshire and the canals and Railways were built.
Modern Cheshire is now a ceremonial County administered by four unitary authorities, Cheshire East, Cheshire West and Chester, Halton and Warrington. Cheshire retains the offices of Lord Lieutenant and high Sheriff for ceremonial purposes.